UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM _______ TO ___________

 

COMMISSION FILE NO. 000-52103

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant As Specified In Its Charter)

 

Delaware   20-4062622

(State or other jurisdiction of

 incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

 Identification No.)

     

Building A1, 68 Xinxia Street, Pinghu,

Longgang, Shenzhen, Guangdong

People’s Republic of China

  518111
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (86) 755-89686292

 

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OF THE ACT:

 

Title of   Name of each exchange
Each Class   on which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value   Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
    (Nasdaq Global Market)

 

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(g) OF THE ACT:

 

None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes ¨ No x

  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes ¨ No x

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.      Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).      Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨   Accelerated filer  ¨
     
Non-accelerated filer ¨   Smaller reporting company x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

Yes ¨ No x

 

The aggregate market value of the registrant's issued and outstanding shares of common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2015 (based on $3.85 per share, the price at which the registrant’s common stock was last sold on June 30, 2015) was approximately $34.7 million.

 

There were 15,101,679 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, as of March 29, 2016. The registrant’s common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Market under the stock symbol “HPJ”.

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference: None.

  

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS TO ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2015

 

PART I    
     
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 1
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 14
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 35
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 35
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 37
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 37
     
PART II   38
     
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON STOCK, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 38
ITEM 6. SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA 39
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION and results of operations 39
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 47
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 47
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 48
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 48
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 49
     
PART III   51
     
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 51
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 54
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 56
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 57
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 58
     
PART IV   58
     
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 58
SIGNATURES   59
     
EXHIBIT INDEX 60
   
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS F-1

 

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

The information contained in this Form 10-K, includes some statements that are not purely historical and that are “forward-looking statements.” Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our company’s and our management’s expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future, including our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, any statements that refer to projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, including any underlying assumptions, are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “continue,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plans,” “possible,” “potential,” “predicts,” “projects,” “seeks,” “should,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions, or the negatives of such terms, may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking.

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K are based on current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and the potential effects on our company. There can be no assurance that future developments actually affecting us will be those anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, including the following:

 

  ¨ A global economic downturn adversely affecting demand for our products;
     
  ¨ Our reliance on our major customers for a large portion of our net sales;
     
  ¨ Our reliance on a limited number of suppliers for nickel, our principal raw material;
     
  ¨ Our ability to develop and market new products;
     
  ¨ Our ability to establish and maintain a strong brand;
     
  ¨ Protection of our intellectual property rights;
     
  ¨ The market acceptance of our products, including our line of Lithium-ion batteries;
     
  ¨ The implementation of new projects;
     
  ¨ Our ability to successfully manufacture and deliver our products in the time frame and amounts expected;
     
  ¨ Exposure to product liability, safety, and defect claims;
     
  ¨ Exposure to currency exchange risks during our product export;
     
  ¨ Rising labor costs, volatile metal prices, and inflation;
     
  ¨ Changes in the laws of the PRC that affect our operations;
     
  ¨ Our ability to obtain and maintain all necessary government certifications and/or licenses to conduct our business;
     
  ¨ Development of an active trading market for our securities;
     
  ¨ The cost of complying with current and future governmental regulations and the impact of any changes in the regulations on our operations; and

 

ii

 

 

  ¨ The other factors referenced in this Form 10-K, including, without limitation, under the sections entitled “Risk Factors,” “Financial Information,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and “Business.”

 

These risks and uncertainties, along with others, are also described above under the heading “Risk Factors.” Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should our assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and we cannot predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.

 

iii

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

With respect to this discussion, the terms, “the Company” “Highpower” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Highpower International, Inc., and its 100%-owned subsidiary Hong Kong Highpower Technology Company Limited (“HKHTC”), HKHTC’s wholly-owned subsidiaries Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited (“SZ Highpower”), and Icon Energy System Company Limited (“ICON”), SZ Highpower’s wholly owned subsidiary Huizhou Highpower Technology Company Limited (“HZ HTC”) and its 70%-owned subsidiary Ganzhou Highpower Technology Company Limited (“GZ Highpower”) and SZ Highpower’s and HKHTC’s jointly owned subsidiary, Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (“SZ Springpower”). Highpower and its subsidiaries are collectively referred to as the “Company”, unless the context indicates otherwise.

 

Corporate Information

 

Highpower International, Inc. was incorporated in the state of Delaware on January 3, 2006. HKHTC was incorporated in Hong Kong on July 4, 2003. All other operating subsidiaries are incorporated in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) and are listed below:

 

Subsidiary   Principal Activities

Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("SZ Highpower")

  Manufacturing & marketing of NiMH batteries
     

Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd

("SZ Springpower")

  Manufacturing and marketing of lithium batteries  
     

Ganzhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("GZ Highpower")

  Processing and marketing and research of battery materials
     

Icon Energy System Co., Ltd.

("ICON")

  Design and production of advanced battery packs and systems
     

Huizhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("HZ HTC")

  Manufacturing & marketing of lithium batteries

 

 1 

 

 

Below is organizational flow chart of the Company:

 

 

SZ Highpower manufactures Nickel Metal Hydride (“Ni-MH”) batteries for both consumer and industrial applications. We have developed significant expertise in Ni-MH battery technology and large-scale manufacturing that enable us to improve the quality of our battery products, reduce costs, and keep pace with evolving industry standards. In 2008, we commenced two production lines of Lithium-ion (“Li-ion”) and Lithium polymer rechargeable batteries at SZ Springpower for consumer applications, such as consumer electronic products, mobile devices and wireless communication products. In 2013, we completed the automated facility to produce higher volume orders of mobile device batteries and larger format lithium polymer batteries for electric vehicles, and energy storage systems in Huizhou. Our automated machinery enables us to enhance uniformity and precision during the manufacturing process.

 

We employ a broad network of salespersons in China Mainland and Hong Kong, which targets key customers by arranging in-person sales presentations and providing after-sales services both domestically and internationally. The sales staff works directly with our customers to better address their needs.

 

In 2010, we began establishing a new materials business in which we intended to recycle and process certain used battery products and raw material scraps collected from the battery manufacturing industry. This new materials business generates revenue and income and helps us understand our raw material supply chain, and control our raw material costs and ensure that we have a steady supply of raw materials for battery manufacturing operations to reduce our reliance on external suppliers. In 2012, we initiated the construction of our Ganzhou recycling plant, which was completed in 2014.

 

Industry

 

General

 

Rapid advancements in electronic technology have expanded the number of battery-powered devices in recent years. As these devices have come to feature more sophisticated functions, more compact sizes and lighter weights, the sources of power that operate these products have been required to deliver increasingly higher levels of energy. This has stimulated consumer demand for higher-energy batteries capable of delivering longer service between recharges or battery replacement. In contrast to non-rechargeable batteries, after a rechargeable battery is discharged, it can be recharged and reused up to 1,000 times. Rechargeable batteries generally can be used in many non-rechargeable battery applications, as well as high energy drain applications such as electric toys, power tools, portable computers and other electronics, medical devices, and many other consumer products.

 

 2 

 

 

High energy density and long achievable cycle life are important characteristics of rechargeable battery technologies. Energy density refers to the total electrical energy per unit volume stored in a battery. High energy density batteries generally are longer lasting power sources providing longer operating time and necessitating fewer battery recharges. Greater energy density will permit the use of batteries of a given weight or volume for a longer time period. Long cycle life is a preferred feature of a rechargeable battery because it allows the user to charge and recharge many times before noticing a difference in performance. Long achievable cycle life, particularly in combination with high energy density, is desirable for applications requiring frequent battery recharges.

 

The initial technology for rechargeable batteries was nickel cadmium (“Ni-Cad”). Ni-Cad batteries are offered in a variety of sizes and shapes but suffer from low energy density and low cycle life. In addition, disposal of Ni-Cad batteries poses serious environmental and liability issues due to the high toxicity level of cadmium. To meet the demand for higher performing rechargeable batteries, nickel-metal hydride (“Ni-MH”) batteries were developed. Electrically, Ni-MH batteries are similar to the Ni-Cad counterparts but utilize a hydrogen-absorbing alloy instead of cadmium. High capacity Ni-MH batteries can replace Ni-Cad batteries in many devices because they operate on the same voltage and possess similar power and fast charge capabilities, while offering the advantage of greater energy density. In devices such as power tools, electric toys, personal portable electronic devices and hybrid electric vehicles, Ni-MH batteries optimize equipment performance. Ni-MH batteries have several advantages including:

 

  · High capacity - Because of the use of hydrogen as a cathode material, Ni-MH batteries have up to a 40 percent longer service life than ordinary Ni-Cad batteries of equivalent size.

 

  · Long cycle life - Up to 1,000 charge/discharge cycles.

 

  · No memory effect - Ni-Cad batteries suffer from a memory effect - when charging, the user must ensure that they are totally flat first, otherwise they “remember” how much charge they used to have and die much quicker. Ni-MH batteries have a negligible memory effect, making charging quicker and more convenient.

 

  · Performs at extreme temperatures - Capable of operation on discharge from -20°C to 50°C (-4°F to 122°F) and charge from 0°C to 45°C (32°F to 113ºF).

 

  · Environmentally friendly - Zero percent cadmium or other toxic chemicals such as mercury.

 

  · Cost efficiency - Rechargeable Ni-MH batteries are substantially less expensive than rechargeable lithium batteries.

 

The first rechargeable lithium batteries were commercialized in 1991. Rechargeable lithium batteries are produced as cylindrical lithium-ion or prismatic lithium-polymer batteries. The energy density of lithium is typically twice that of the standard nickel-cadmium. Lithium batteries are low maintenance, with no memory effect and no scheduled cycling required to prolong battery life. In addition, the self-discharge is less than half compared to nickel-cadmium, making lithium well suited for modern applications, such as power tools, electric bicycles, laptops, LED lights, portable medical devices, digital cameras, MP3 players, and electric vehicles.

 

Despite its overall advantages, lithium battery technology has limitations that include fragility, safety, aging, capacity deterioration and higher manufacturing cost. Manufacturers are constantly working to improve lithium battery technology with new and enhanced chemical combinations. Lithium batteries have several advantages including:

 

  · High capacity - Up to 100% higher energy density compared to standard nickel-cadmium batteries.

 

  · Low self-discharge - Self-discharge can be less than half that of nickel-based batteries.

 

  · Low maintenance - No periodic discharge is needed and there is no memory effect. Specialty cells can provide very high current to applications such as power tools.

 

 3 

 

 

  · Flexible form factor - Prismatic lithium polymer batteries can be produced in a wide variety of form factors for different products and applications.

 

Lithium batteries also have several limitations:

 

  · Requires protection circuit to maintain voltage and current within safe limits.

 

  · Poses safety issues due to the more-active characteristics of its basic materials.

 

  · Subject to aging when not in use - storage in a cool place at 40% charge reduces the aging effect.

 

  · Transportation restrictions - shipment of larger quantities may be subject to regulatory control.

 

  · Manufacturing cost is approximately 40% greater than nickel-cadmium.

 

China

 

China’s market share of battery production is expected to increase. China has a number of benefits in battery manufacturing, which are expected to drive this growth:

 

  · Low Costs. China continues to have a significant low cost of labor as well as easy access to raw materials and land.

 

  · Proximity to electronics supply chain. Electronics manufacturing in general continues to shift to China, giving China-based manufacturers a further cost and cycle time advantage.

 

  · Proximity to end-markets. China has focused in recent years on building its research, development and engineering skill base in all aspects of higher end manufacturing, including batteries.

 

Competitive Strengths

 

We believe the following competitive strengths contribute to our success and differentiate us from our competitors:

 

Experienced management team

 

Our senior management team has extensive business and industry experience. Our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Dang Yu Pan, has over 19 years of experience in China’s battery industry. Our Chief Technology Officer, Mr. Wen Liang Li, has over 25 years of research experience in advanced battery technologies and products. Additionally, other members of our senior management team have significant experience with respect to other key aspects of our operations, including product design, manufacturing, and sales and marketing.

 

Market position

 

Since the Company’s inception, it has primarily focused on the research, development and manufacture of Ni-MH battery cells. We have developed significant expertise in Ni-MH battery technology and large-scale manufacturing that enables us to improve the quality of our products, reduce costs, and keep pace with evolving industry standards. Our Ni-MH rechargeable batteries have been developed to respond to a number of specific market requirements such as recyclability, high power, high energy density, long life, low cost and other important characteristics for consumer and industrial applications. They are suitable for most applications where high currents, deep discharges and safety are required. The consumer electronic industry and the high-end industrial energy storage industry have evolved significantly in recent years. The demand for more compact and more powerful battery solutions has been driving the lithium battery sector grow exponentially. In 2008 we established our subsidiary, SZ Springpower, to focus on specializing in the research, manufacturing and marketing of lithium rechargeable batteries. In 2013 we completed the construction of our new lithium battery plant in Huizhou. This new higher scale facility is dedicated to larger volume orders. Our lithium battery business has been growing rapidly and we expect it will continue to grow as we gain more industry knowledge and acquire more customers. Our lithium battery segment has increasingly become more important to our operations.

 

 4 

 

 

Well-established distribution channels

 

We sell our products to original equipment manufacturers and a well-established network of distributors and resellers, which allows us to penetrate customer markets worldwide. Our relationship with many distributors extends from our inception in 2001. We also continue to screen and identify our strongest customers in each distribution channel and to focus our sales efforts towards the largest distributors and resellers in the fastest growing industries, such as the mobile and wearable devices, electric vehicles and energy storage industries.

 

Proven product manufacturing capabilities

 

We selectively use automation in our manufacturing process to ensure a high uniformity and precision in our products while maintaining our cost-competitiveness. We use automated machinery in key stages of the manufacturing process while using manual labor for other stages to take advantage of the availability of low-cost, skilled labor in China. We have received several accreditations, including the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001: 2000, ISO 14001, Conformite Europende (CE) and Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) that attest to our quality management requirements, manufacturing safety, controls, procedures and environmental performance.

 

Customer service expertise

 

We work closely with our major customers in order to ensure high levels of customer satisfaction. To provide superior service and foster customer trust and loyalty, we offer flexible delivery methods and product feedback opportunities to our customers. The Company provides the sales representatives and marketing personnel with extensive training including necessary skills in answering questions relating to products and services, proactively introducing potential customers about our products, and promptly responding to customer inquiries.

 

Our Strategy

 

Our goal is to become a global leader in the development and manufacture of rechargeable battery products. We intend to achieve this goal by implementing the following strategies:

 

Continue to pursue cost-effective opportunities

 

Our operating model, coupled with our modern manufacturing processes, has resulted in economies of scale, a low cost structure, and an ability to respond rapidly to customer demands. We intend to achieve greater cost-effectiveness by expanding production capacity, increasing productivity and efficiency and seeking to lower the unit cost of products through the use of advanced technologies.

 

Aggressively pursue distribution channels

 

We intend to broaden the scope of our distribution arrangements to increase sales penetration in targeted markets. We intend to select additional distributors based on their access to markets and retail outlets that are candidates for our products. In addition, we intend to expand our international sales presence and diversify our revenue sources by taking efforts to increase the percentage of our net sales attributable to sales to emerging new markets.

 

Expand existing and new product offerings

 

Since the commencement of battery operations in 2001, we have expanded our product offerings to multiple product lines, which include in each product line batteries of varying sizes, capacities and voltages. We intend to expand our existing lines of both Ni-MH and lithium batteries for use in other applications, such as energy storage systems, hybrid-electric cars, pure electric vehicles, and devote resources to the development of higher-end and higher-performance applications requiring higher ampere hour batteries.

 

 5 

 

 

Enhance marketing efforts to increase brand awareness

 

We continue to devote our efforts towards brand development and utilize marketing concepts in an attempt to enhance the marketability of our products.

 

Products

 

Our Ni-MH rechargeable batteries are versatile solutions for many diverse applications due to their long life, environmentally friendly materials, high power and energy, low cost and safe applications. Developed to meet the requirement for increasingly higher levels of energy demanded by today’s electronic products, our Ni-MH rechargeable batteries offer increased capacity and higher energy density over similarly sized standard Ni-Cad rechargeable batteries. As a result, users can expect a longer time between charges and longer running time. Our Ni-MH rechargeable batteries are available in both cylindrical and prismatic shapes.

 

In 2009, we completed the construction and build-out of two production lines for the development and manufacturing of a range of lithium rechargeable batteries and products in Shenzhen. In 2013, we completed the automated facility to produce higher volume orders of mobile device batteries and larger format lithium batteries for electric vehicles, and energy storage systems in Huizhou. We produce Li-ion batteries and Li-polymer batteries with hundreds of different models and specifications. Currently, we produce an average of 3.0-4.0 million lithium battery units per month.

 

We produce an extensive line of batteries falling into two main categories:

 

  · Consumer Batteries – Relative to ordinary Ni-Cad rechargeable batteries, as well as their non-rechargeable counterparts, our Ni-MH and lithium batteries offer higher power capacity allowing for longer working time and shortened charging time during equivalent working periods. We produce A, AA and AAA sized batteries in blister packing as well as chargers and battery packs.

 

  · Industrial Batteries – These batteries are designed for electric bikes, power tools and electric toys. They are specifically designed for high-drain discharge applications possessing low internal resistance, more power, and longer discharging time.

 

We also recycle scrap battery materials and sell the recycled materials to customers. In recent years, China’s government has been stimulating the adoption of electric vehicles to reduce carbon emission and air pollution. We have seen strong interest from electric vehicle manufactures who seek help from us to recycle the batteries in the electric vehicles they produce.

 

Net sales for each of our product categories as a percentage of net sales are set forth below:

 

   Year Ended December 31,
   2015  2014
Lithium Batteries   53.8%   46.5%
Ni-MH Batteries   44.2%   51.0%
New Materials   2.0%   2.5%
    100.0%   100.0%

 

Supply of Raw Materials

 

The cost of the raw materials used in our rechargeable batteries is a key factor in the pricing of our products. We purchase materials in volume, which allows us to negotiate better pricing with our suppliers. Our purchasing department locates eligible suppliers of raw materials, striving to use only those suppliers who have previously demonstrated quality control and reliability.

 

 6 

 

 

Currently, we purchase raw materials, consisted primarily of metal materials including nickel oxide, nickel foam, metal hydride alloy and other battery components, such as membranes, from suppliers located in China and Japan. For lithium batteries, we purchase raw materials consisting primarily of LiCoO2, graphite and electrolyte. We believe that the raw materials and components used in manufacturing rechargeable batteries are available from enough sources to be able to satisfy our manufacturing needs; however, some of our materials relating to nickel and lithium are available from a limited number of suppliers. During the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, no supplier accounted for or over 10% of our total purchase amount. Presently, our relationships with suppliers are generally good and we expect that our suppliers will be able to meet the anticipated demand for our products in the future. Our top suppliers include Xiamen Tungsten Co., Ltd, Henan Kelong new energy Co., Ltd, Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-Earth (Group) Hi-Tech Co., Ltd.

 

At times, the pricing and availability of raw materials can be volatile, attributable to numerous factors beyond the Company’s control, including general economic conditions, currency exchange rates, industry cycles, production levels or a supplier’s tight supply. To the extent that we experience cost increases we may seek to pass such cost increases on to our customers, but cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to do so successfully or that our business, results of operations and financial condition would not be adversely affected by increased volatility of the cost and availability of raw materials.

 

Quality Control

 

We consider quality control an important element of our business practices. We have stringent quality control systems that are implemented by more than 200 company-trained staff members to ensure quality control over each phase of the production process, from the purchase of raw materials through each step in the manufacturing process. Supported by advanced equipment, we utilize a scientific management system and precision inspection measurement, capable of supplying stable, high-quality rechargeable batteries. Our quality control department executes the following functions:

 

  ¨ Setting internal controls and regulations for semi-finished and finished products;

 

  ¨ Testing samples of raw materials from suppliers;

 

  ¨ Implementing sampling systems and sample files;

 

  ¨ Maintaining quality of equipment and instruments; and

 

  ¨ Articulating the responsibilities of quality control staff.

 

We monitor quality and reliability in accordance with the requirements of QSR, or Quality System Review, and ISO 9001 systems. We have received European Union’s CE attestation, UL authentication, ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 14001 certification. We have passed stringent quality reviews and thus obtained OEM qualifications from various domestic cellular phone brand names. With strong technological capabilities and use of automated equipment for core aspects of the manufacturing process, we believe our product quality meets or even exceeds in certain key aspects international industry standards.

 

Manufacturing

 

The manufacturing of rechargeable batteries requires coordinated use of machinery and raw materials at various stages of production. We have a large-scale active production base of 55,680 square meters in Shenzhen and 126,605 square meters facility in Huizhou, a dedicated design, sales and marketing team, and approximately 3,600 company-trained employees. We use automated machinery which enables us to enhance uniformity and precision during the manufacturing process. We intend to further improve our automated production lines and strive to continue investing in manufacturing infrastructures to further increase our manufacturing capacity, which help us control the unit cost of products.

 

The primary raw materials used in production of rechargeable batteries include electrode materials, electrolytes, foils, cases and caps and separators. The electrodes are manufactured using active materials, conductive agents and binder which are mixed with liquid. These mixtures are then uniformly coated onto the thin metal foil, then after drying, the electrodes are cut down to the designated sizes. The positive electrode and negative electrode are then wound together with a separator and inserted into a can, and electrolyte is filled. The sealing completes the battery cell assembly. Some of these cells are then integrated into packages which are customized into a wide variety of configurations to interface with different electronic devices.

 

In 2013, we completed construction of our manufacturing factory in Huizhou, Guangdong Province, PRC. The factory houses a substantial part of the lithium battery production for the Company and is equipped with more automated production lines. The factory’s production capacity is approximately two to three times that of our current lithium battery production facility in Shenzhen.

 

 7 

 

 

In 2014, we completed construction of our materials recycling factory in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, PRC and we began initial production in the factory in the first quarter of 2014.

 

Our Ni-MH facility currently produces approximately 11 million to 15 million battery units per month and our lithium facility produces approximately 5.0 million to 6.0 million units per month. We are planning for moderate manufacturing capacity growth of approximately 30-40% for the lithium battery segment in the next 12 months.

 

Major Customers

 

During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, approximately 27.1% and 24.3% of our net sales were from our five largest customers, respectively. The percentages of net sales disclosed for each of our major customers includes sales to groups of customers under common control or that could be deemed affiliates of such major customers. During the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, no customer accounted for 10% or more of net sales. As of December 31, 2015, there was one major customer accounted for 11.3% of the accounts receivable. None of the Company’s customers accounted for 10% or more of the accounts receivable as of December 31, 2014.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

We have a broad sales network of approximately 90 sales and marketing staff in China and have one branch office in Hong Kong. Our sales staff in each of our offices targets key customers by arranging in-person sales presentations and providing after-sales services. Our sales staff works closely with our customers so that we can better address their needs and improve the quality and features of our products. We offer different price incentives to encourage large-volume and long-term customers.

 

Sales to our customers are based primarily on purchase orders we receive from time to time rather than firm, long-term purchase commitments from our customers. Uncertain economic conditions and our general lack of long-term purchase commitments with our customers make it difficult for us to predict revenue accurately over the longer term. Even in those cases where customers are contractually obligated to purchase products from us, we may elect not to enforce our contractual rights immediately because of the long-term nature of our customer relationships and for other business reasons, and instead may negotiate accommodations with customers regarding particular situations.

 

We target sales of our rechargeable batteries and charging systems through original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), as well as distributors and resellers focused on our target markets. We have contractual arrangements with distributors who market our products on a commission basis in particular areas. Although OEM agreements typically contain volume-based pricing based on expected volumes, typically prices are rarely adjusted retroactively if contract volumes are not achieved. We attempt to adjust future prices accordingly, but our ability to adjust prices is generally based on market conditions which we cannot control.

 

Net sales based on the location of our customers as a percentage of net sales is set forth below:

 

   Year Ended December 31,
   2015  2014
China mainland   46.7%   47.1%
Asia, others   29.8%   25.6%
Europe   17.9%   20.3%
North America   5.1%   6.3%
Rest of the World   0.5%   0.7%
Total   100.0%   100.0%

 

While the largest portion of our sales are made to customers in China Mainland and Hong Kong, our battery products are integrated in various devices and end-user products and distributed worldwide, with approximately 46.7% of our products distributed to China Mainland, 29.8% to Asia, others, 17.9% to Europe, 5.1% to North America, and 0.5% to other markets in 2015.

 

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We mainly engage in marketing activities such as attending industry-specific conferences and exhibitions to promote our products and brand name. We believe these activities help in promoting our products and brand name among key industry participants.

 

Research and Development

 

To enhance our product quality, reduce cost, and keep pace with technological advances and evolving market trends, we have established an advanced research and development center. Our research and development center is not only focused on enhancing our Ni-MH and Lithium-based technologies by developing new products and improving the performance of our current products, but also seeks to develop alternative technologies. Our research and development center is currently staffed with over 380 research and development technicians who overlook our techniques department, product development department, material analysis lab, and performance testing lab. These departments work together to research new material and techniques, test battery performance, inspect products and to test performance of machines used in the manufacturing process.

 

For the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, we expended $7,631,181 and $7,709,618, respectively, in research and development.

 

Strategic Partnership with Freudenberg Nonwovens

 

In 2009, we entered into a strategic research and development partnership with Freudenberg Nonwovens. Freudenberg utilizes our research and development center research facilities in China to test their various separators. Freudenberg Nonwovens was the first to introduce nonwovens to the market over 70 years ago and is now the largest and most diverse manufacturer of nonwovens in the world today. Separators are considered an integral material for Ni-MH rechargeable batteries. We strongly believe the relationship with Freudenberg Nonwovens will continue to improve our Ni-MH product quality, strengthen our research and development in nonwoven knowledge, which can create mutual benefits in the Ni-MH battery development.

 

Competition

 

We face competition from many other battery manufacturers, some of which have significantly greater name recognition and financial, technical, manufacturing, personnel and other resources than we have. We compete against other Ni-MH and lithium battery producers, as well as manufacturers of other rechargeable and non-rechargeable batteries. The main types of rechargeable batteries currently on the market include: lead-acid; nickel-cadmium; nickel metal hydride; liquid lithium-ion and lithium-ion polymer. Competition is typically based on design, quality, stability, and performance. The technology behind Ni-MH rechargeable batteries has consistently improved over time and we continue to enhance our products to meet the competitive threats from its competitors. Our primary competitors in the Ni-MH battery market or other similar competing rechargeable battery products include SANYO Electric Co., Ltd. Global, Matsushita Industrial Co., Ltd. (Panasonic), BYD Company Ltd., GPI International, Ltd., and GS Yuasa Corporation. Our primary competitors in the lithium battery market or other similar competing rechargeable battery products include Desay Corp., Coslight Group, Tianjin Lishen Battery Co. Ltd., and Amperex Technology Limited.

 

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Seasonality

 

The first quarter of each fiscal year tends to be our slow season due to the Chinese New Year holidays. Our factories and operations usually shut down for two weeks during this time, resulting in lower sales during the first quarter.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We rely on a combination of patent and trade secret protection and other unpatented proprietary information to protect our intellectual property rights and to maintain and enhance our competitiveness in the battery industry. We currently hold 152 patents in China and have 49 patent applications pending in China. We have two registered trademarks in China, which include “HFR” and its Chinese equivalent. We also have a U.S. patent for safety technology on rechargeable batteries.

 

We also rely on unpatented technologies to protect the proprietary nature of our product and manufacturing processes. We require that our management team and key employees enter into confidentiality agreements that require the employees to assign the rights to any inventions developed by them during the course of their employment with us. The confidentiality agreements include noncompetition and non-solicitation provisions that remain effective during the course of employment and for periods following termination of employment, which vary depending on position and location of the employees.

 

PRC Government Regulations

 

Business License

 

Any company that conducts business in the PRC must have a business license that covers the scope of the business in which such company is engaged. We conduct our business through our operating subsidiaries, SZ Highpower, SZ Springpower, GZ Highpower, HZ HTC and ICON, and each of our operating subsidiaries holds a business license that covers its present business. Prior to expanding our business beyond the scope covered by our business licenses, we are required to apply and receive approvals from the relevant PRC authorities (if applicable, based on the new business in which we intend to engage) and conduct modification registration formalities with the competent administration of industry and commerce. Companies that operate outside the scope of their licenses can be subjected to a fine of not more than RMB20,000, if such operations do not violate the PRC Criminal Law, or a fine of not less than RMB20,000 but no more than RMB200,000 if such operations violate the PRC Criminal Law, or a fine of not less than RMB50,000 but not more than RMB500,000 if the such operations harm human health, have serious hidden hazards to safety, threaten public safety or destroy environmental resources. Other penalties can include disgorgement of income and being ordered to cease operations.

 

Environmental Regulations

 

The major environmental regulations applicable to us include the PRC Environmental Protection Law, the PRC Law on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution and its Implementation Rules, the PRC Law on the Prevention and Control of Air Pollution and its Implementation Rules, the PRC Law on the Prevention and Control of Solid Waste Pollution, and the PRC Law on the Prevention and Control of Noise Pollution. We aim to comply with environmental laws and regulations and have acquired an ISO14004:2004 Environment Systems Certification and QC080000 Hazardous Substance Process Management System.

 

We constructed our manufacturing facilities with the PRC’s environmental laws and requirements in mind. We currently outsource the disposal of solid waste to a third party-contractor. In 2014, we renewed our environmental permit, which expires in December 2016, from the Shenzhen Environment Protection Bureau Longgang Bureau covering our manufacturing operations and providing for an annual output limit of Ni-MH rechargeable batteries. If we fail to comply with the provisions of the renewed permit, we could be subject to fines, criminal charges or other sanctions by regulators, including the suspension or termination of our manufacturing operations.

 

Our operating subsidiaries have received certifications from the relevant PRC government agencies in charge of environmental protection, which indicate that their business operations are in material compliance with the relevant PRC environmental laws and regulations. We have committed significant attention and efforts to quality and environmental protection during our production process. In November 2010, we received a Clean Production Award from the Guangdong Economic and Information Commission and Environmental Bureau. We are not currently subject to any pending actions alleging any violations of applicable PRC environmental laws. We do not believe the existence of these environmental laws, as currently written and interpreted, will materially hinder or adversely affect our business operations; however, there can be no assurances of future events or changes in laws, or the interpretation of laws, governing our industry. Failure to comply with PRC environmental protection laws and regulations may subject us to fines up to RMB 1,000,000, the exact amount of which is determined on a case by case basis, or disrupt our operations and the construction of our new facility, result in the shutdown of our operations temporarily or permanently, which may materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

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During the year ended December 31, 2015, we expended approximately $23,638 related to our compliance with environmental regulations.

 

Patent Protection in China

 

The PRC’s intellectual property protection regime is consistent with those of other modern industrialized countries. The PRC has domestic laws for the protection of rights in copyrights, patents, trademarks and trade secrets. The PRC is also a signatory to most of the world’s major intellectual property conventions, including:

 

  · Convention establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO Convention) (June 4, 1980);

 

  · Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (March 19, 1985);

 

  · Patent Cooperation Treaty (January 1, 1994); and

 

  · The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) (November 11, 2001).

 

Patents in the PRC are governed by the China Patent Law and its Implementing Regulations, each of which went into effect in 1985. Amended versions of the China Patent Law and its Implementing Regulations came into effect in 2001 and 2003, respectively.

 

The PRC is signatory to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, in accordance with which any person who has duly filed an application for a patent in one signatory country shall enjoy, for the purposes of filing in the other countries, a right of priority during the period fixed in the convention (12 months for inventions and utility models, and 6 months for industrial designs).

 

The Patent Law covers three kinds of patents, i.e., patents for inventions, utility models and designs respectively. The Chinese patent system adopts the principle of first to file. This means that, where more than one person files a patent application for the same invention, a patent can only be granted to the person who first filed the application. Consistent with international practice, the PRC only allows the patenting of inventions or utility models that possess the characteristics of novelty, inventiveness and practical applicability. For a design to be patentable, it should not be identical with or similar to any design which, before the date of filing, has been publicly disclosed in publications in the country or abroad or has been publicly used in the country, and should not be in conflict with any prior right of another.

 

PRC law provides that anyone wishing to exploit the patent of another must conclude a written licensing contract with the patent holder and pay the patent holder a fee. One rather broad exception to this, however, is that, where a party possesses the means to exploit a patent but cannot obtain a license from the patent holder on reasonable terms and in reasonable period of time, the PRC State Intellectual Property Office, or SIPO, is authorized to grant a compulsory license. A compulsory license can also be granted where a national emergency or any extraordinary state of affairs occurs or where the public interest so requires. SIPO, however, has not granted any compulsory license up to now. The patent holder may appeal such decision within three months from receiving notification by filing a suit in a people’s court.

 

PRC law defines patent infringement as the exploitation of a patent without the authorization of the patent holder. A patent holder who believes his patent is being infringed may file a civil suit or file a complaint with a PRC local Intellectual Property Administrative Authority, which may order the infringer to stop the infringing acts. Preliminary injunction may be issued by the People’s Court upon the patentee’s or the interested parties’ request before instituting any legal proceedings or during the proceedings. Evidence preservation and property preservation measures are also available both before and during the litigation. Damages in the case of patent infringement is calculated as either the loss suffered by the patent holder arising from the infringement or the benefit gained by the infringer from the infringement. If it is difficult to ascertain damages in this manner, damages may be reasonably determined in an amount ranging from one to more times of the license fee under a contractual license. The infringing party may be also fined by Administration of Patent Management in an amount of up to three times the unlawful income earned by such infringing party. If there is no unlawful income so earned, the infringing party may be fined in an amount of up to RMB 500,000, or approximately $80,167.

 

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Product Liability and Consumers Protection

 

Product liability claims may arise if the products sold have any harmful effect on the consumers. The injured party may make a claim for damages or compensation. The General Principles of the Civil Law of the PRC, which became effective in January 1987, state that manufacturers and sellers of defective products causing property damage or injury shall incur civil liabilities for such damage or injuries.

 

The Product Quality Law of the PRC was enacted in 1993 and amended in 2000 to strengthen the quality control of products and protect consumers’ rights and interests. Under this law, manufacturers and distributors who produce or sell defective products may be subject to confiscation of earnings from such sales, revocation of business licenses and imposition of fines, and in severe circumstances, may be subject to criminal liability.

 

The Law of the PRC on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Consumers was promulgated on October 31, 1993 and became effective on January 1, 1994 to protect consumers’ rights when they purchase or use goods or services. All business operators must comply with this law when they manufacture or sell goods and/or provide services to customers.

 

The Tort Law of the PRC effective on July 1, 2010 requires that when the product defect endangers people’s life or property, the injured party may hold the producer or the seller liable in tort and require that it remove obstacles, eliminate danger, or take other action. The Tort Law also requires that when a product is found to be defective after it is put into circulation, the producer and the seller shall give timely warnings, recall the defective product, or take other remedial measures.

 

Employment Laws

 

We are subject to laws and regulations governing our relationship with our employees, including: wage and hour requirements, working and safety conditions, and social insurance, housing funds and other welfare. These include local labor laws and regulations, which may require substantial resources for compliance.

 

China’s National Labor Law, which became effective on January 1, 1995, and China’s National Labor Contract Law, which became effective on January 1, 2008, permit workers in both state and private enterprises in China to bargain collectively. The National Labor Law and the National Labor Contract Law provide for collective contracts to be developed through collaboration between the labor union (or worker representatives in the absence of a union) and management that specify such matters as working conditions, wage scales, and hours of work. The laws also permit workers and employers in all types of enterprises to sign individual contracts, which are to be drawn up in accordance with the collective contract. The National Labor Contract Law has enhanced rights for the nation’s workers, including permitting open-ended labor contracts and severance payments. The legislation requires employers to provide written contracts to their workers, restricts the use of temporary labor and makes it harder for employers to lay off employees. It also requires that employees with fixed-term contracts be entitled to an indefinite-term contract after a fixed-term contract is renewed once or the employee has worked for the employer for a consecutive ten-year period.

 

Tax

 

Pursuant to the Provisional Regulation of China on Value Added Tax and their implementing rules, all entities and individuals that are engaged in the sale of goods, the provision of repairs and replacement services and the importation of goods in China are generally required to pay VAT at a rate of 17.0% of the gross sales proceeds received, less any deductible VAT already paid or borne by the taxpayer. Further, when exporting goods, the exporter is entitled to a portion of or all the refund of VAT that it has already paid or borne.

 

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Foreign Currency Exchange

 

The principal regulations governing foreign currency exchange in China are the Foreign Exchange Administration Regulations promulgated by the State Council, as amended on August 5, 2008, or the Foreign Exchange Regulations. Under the Foreign Exchange Regulations, the Renminbi is freely convertible for current account items, including the distribution of dividends, interest payments, trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions. Conversion of Renminbi for capital account items, such as direct investments, loans, repatriation of investments and investments in securities outside of China, however, is still subject to the approval of the PRC State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE. Foreign-invested enterprises may only buy, sell and/or remit foreign currencies at those banks authorized to conduct foreign exchange business after providing valid commercial documents and, in the case of capital account item transactions, obtaining approval from the SAFE. Capital investments by foreign-invested enterprises outside of China are also subject to limitations, which include approvals by the Ministry of Commerce, the SAFE and the State Reform and Development Commission.

 

Dividend Distributions

 

Under applicable PRC regulations, enterprises in China may pay dividends only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. In addition, an enterprise in China is required to set aside at least 10.0% of its after-tax profit based on PRC accounting standards each year as its statutory general reserves until the accumulative amount of such reserves reach 50.0% of its registered capital. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. The board of directors of an enterprise has the discretion to allocate a portion of its after-tax profits to staff welfare and bonus funds, which may not be distributed to equity owners except in the event of liquidation.

 

Foreign Ownership of PRC Operating Subsidiaries

 

The establishment, approval and registered capital requirement matters of wholly foreign-owned enterprises, such as our PRC subsidiaries, SZ Highpower, SZ Springpower, HZ HTC and ICON, are regulated by the Wholly Foreign-owned Enterprise Law of the PRC promulgated and effective on April 12, 1986, as amended on October 31, 2000, and the Implementation Rules of the Wholly Foreign-owned Enterprise Law of the PRC effective on December 12, 1990, as amended in 2001. The procedures of establishing SZ Highpower, SZ Springpower, HZ HTC and ICON as wholly foreign-owned enterprises complied with such law and regulation.

 

Investment activities in the PRC by foreign investors are principally governed by the Guidance Catalogue of Industries for Foreign Investment, or the Catalogue, which was promulgated and is amended from time to time by the Ministry of Commerce and the National Development and Reform Commission. The Catalogue divides industries into three categories: encouraged, restricted and prohibited. An industry not listed in the Catalogue is generally open to foreign investment unless it is specifically restricted by other PRC regulations. In addition, the establishment of wholly foreign-owned enterprises is generally permitted in most industries except for the restricted industries which are listed in the Catalogue or restricted by other government regulations (which are subject to governmental approvals) and industries prohibited from foreign investments. Pursuant to the currently effective Catalogue (2007 version) and other PRC regulations, the business scope of SZ Highpower, SZ Springpower, GZ Highpower, HZ HTC and ICON as indicated on their business licenses does not fall within the restricted or prohibited industries and is not restricted by other PRC regulations and, therefore, HKHTC is permitted to invest in SZ Highpower, SZ Springpower, and ICON in the form of a wholly foreign-owned enterprise.

 

Employees

 

On December 31, 2015, we had approximately 3,600 employees, all of whom were employed full-time. There are no collective bargaining contracts covering any of our employees. We have not experienced any work stoppages and consider our relations with employees to be good.

 

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ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS

 

Any investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Potential investors should carefully consider the material risks described below and all of the information contained in this Form 10-K before deciding whether to purchase any of our securities. Our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected by these risks if any of them actually occur. The trading price of our shares of common stock listed on the NASDAQ Global Market could decline due to any of these risks, and an investor may lose all or part of his investment. Some of these factors have affected our financial condition and operating results in the past or are currently affecting us. This report also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including the risks faced described below and elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

RISKS RELATED TO OUR OPERATIONS

 

Our business depends in large part on the growth in demand for portable electronic devices.

 

Many of our battery products are used to power various portable electronic devices. Therefore, the demand for our batteries is substantially tied to the market demand for portable electronic devices. A growth in the demand for portable electronic devices will be essential to the expansion of our business. Our results of operations may be adversely affected by decreases in the general level of economic activity. Decreases in consumer spending that may result from the current global economic downturn may weaken demand for items that use our battery products. A decrease in the demand for portable electronic devices would likely have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. We are unable to predict the duration and severity of the current disruption in financial markets and the global adverse economic conditions and the effect such events might have on our business.

 

Our success depends on the success of manufacturers of the end applications that use our battery products.

 

Because our products are designed to be used in other products, our success depends on whether end application manufacturers will incorporate our batteries in their products. Although we strive to produce high quality battery products, there is no guarantee that end application manufacturers will accept our products. Our failure to gain acceptance of our products from these manufacturers could result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

Additionally, even if a manufacturer decides to use our batteries, the manufacturer may not be able to market and sell its products successfully. The manufacturer’s inability to market and sell its products successfully could materially and adversely affect our business and prospects because this manufacturer may not order new products from us. Therefore, our business, financial condition, results of operations and future success would be materially and adversely affected.

 

We are and will continue to be subject to declining average selling prices of consumer electronic devices, which may harm our results of operations.

 

Portable consumer electronic devices, such as cellular phones, DVD players, laptop computers and tablets are subject to rapid declines in average selling prices due to rapidly evolving technologies, industry standards and consumer preferences. Therefore, electronic device manufacturers expect suppliers, such as our company, to cut their costs and lower the price of their products to lessen the negative impact on the electronic device manufacturer’s own profit margins. As a result, we have previously reduced the price of some of our battery products and expect to continue to face market-driven downward pricing pressures in the future. Our results of operations will suffer if we are unable to offset any declines in the average selling prices of our products by developing new or enhanced products with higher selling prices or gross profit margins, increasing our sales volumes or reducing our production costs.

 

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Our success is highly dependent on continually developing new and advanced products, technologies, and processes and failure to do so may cause us to lose our competitiveness in the battery industry and may cause our profits to decline.

 

To remain competitive in the battery industry, it is important to continually develop new and advanced products, technologies, and processes. There is no assurance that competitors’ new products, technologies, and processes will not render our existing products obsolete or non-competitive. Alternately, changes in legislative, regulatory or industry requirements or in competitive technologies may render certain of our products obsolete or less attractive. Our competitiveness in the battery market therefore relies upon our ability to enhance our current products, introduce new products, and develop and implement new technologies and processes. We predominately manufacture and market Ni-MH batteries, Li-ion and Li-polymer batteries. If our competitors develop alternative products with more enhanced features than our products, our financial condition and results of operations would be materially and adversely affected.

 

The research and development of new products and technologies is costly and time consuming, and there are no assurances that our research and development of new products will either be successful or completed within anticipated timeframes, if at all. Our failure to technologically evolve and/or develop new or enhanced products may cause us to lose competitiveness in the battery market and may cause our profits to decline. In addition, in order to compete effectively in the battery industry, we must be able to launch new products to meet our customers’ demands in a timely manner. However, we cannot provide assurance that we will be able to install and certify any equipment needed to produce new products in a timely manner, or that the transitioning of our manufacturing facility and resources to full production under any new product programs will not impact production rates or other operational efficiency measures at our manufacturing facility. In addition, new product introductions and applications are risky, and may suffer from a lack of market acceptance, delay in related product development and failure of new products to operate properly. Any failure by us successfully to launch new products, or a failure by our customers to accept such products, could adversely affect our operating results.

 

We have historically depended on a limited number of customers for a significant portion of our revenues and this dependence is likely to continue.

 

We have historically depended on a limited number of customers for a significant portion of our net sales. Our top five customers accounted for approximately 27.1% and 24.3% of our net sales for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. No customer accounted for 10% or more of net sales for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014. We anticipate that a limited number of customers will continue to contribute to a significant portion of our net sales in the future. Maintaining the relationships with these significant customers is vital to the expansion and success of our business, as the loss of a major customer could expose us to risk of substantial losses. Our sales and revenue could decline and our results of operations could be materially adversely affected if one or more of these significant customers stops or reduces its purchasing of our products, or if we fail to expand our customer base for our products.

 

Significant order cancellations, reductions or delays by our customers could materially adversely affect our business.

 

Our sales are typically made pursuant to individual purchase orders, and we generally do not have long-term supply arrangements with our customers, but instead work with our customers to develop nonbinding forecasts of future requirements. Based on these forecasts, we make commitments regarding the level of business that we will seek and accept, the timing of production schedules and the levels and utilization of personnel and other resources. A variety of conditions, both specific to each customer and generally affecting each customer’s industry, may cause customers to cancel, reduce or delay orders that were either previously made or anticipated. Generally, customers may cancel, reduce or delay purchase orders and commitments without penalty, except for payment for services rendered or products competed and, in certain circumstances, payment for materials purchased and charges associated with such cancellation, reduction or delay. Significant or numerous order cancellations, reductions or delays by our customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Substantial defaults by our customers on accounts receivable or the loss of significant customers could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

A substantial portion of our working capital consists of accounts receivable from customers. There was one major customer accounted for 11.3% of the accounts receivable as of December 31, 2015. If customers responsible for a significant amount of accounts receivable were to become insolvent or otherwise unable to pay for products and services, or to make payments in a timely manner, our business, results of operations or financial condition could be materially adversely affected. An economic or industry downturn could materially adversely affect the servicing of these accounts receivable, which could result in longer payment cycles, increased collection costs and defaults in excess of management’s expectations. A significant deterioration in our ability to collect on accounts receivable could also impact the cost or availability of financing available to us.

 

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A change in our product mix may cause our results of operations to differ substantially from the anticipated results in any particular period.

 

Our overall profitability may not meet expectations if our products, customers or geographic mix are substantially different than anticipated. Our profit margins vary among our battery and new materials products, our customers and the geographic markets in which we sell our products. Consequently, if our mix of any of these is substantially different from what is anticipated in any particular period, our profitability could be lower than anticipated.

 

Certain disruptions in supply of and changes in the competitive environment for raw materials integral to our products may adversely affect our profitability.

 

We use a broad range of materials and supplies, including metals, chemicals and other electronic components in our products. A significant disruption in the supply of these materials could decrease production and shipping levels, materially increase our operating costs and materially adversely affect our profit margins. Shortages of materials or interruptions in transportation systems, labor strikes, work stoppages, war, acts of terrorism or other interruptions to or difficulties in the employment of labor or transportation in the markets in which we purchase materials, components and supplies for the production of our products, in each case may adversely affect our ability to maintain production of our products and sustain profitability. If we were to experience a significant or prolonged shortage of critical components from any of our suppliers and could not procure the components from other sources, we would be unable to meet our production schedules for some of our key products and to ship such products to our customers in timely fashion, which would adversely affect our sales, margins and customer relations.

 

Our industry is subject to supply shortages and any delay or inability to obtain product components may have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our industry is subject to supply shortages, which could limit the amount of supply available of certain required battery components. Any delay or inability to obtain supplies may have a material adverse effect on our business. During prior periods, there have been shortages of components in the battery industry and the availability of raw materials has been limited by some of our suppliers. We cannot assure investors that any future shortages or allocations would not have such an effect on our business. A future shortage can be caused by and result from many situations and circumstances that are out of our control, and such shortage could limit the amount of supply available of certain required materials and increase prices adversely affecting our profitability.

 

Our future operating results may be affected by fluctuations in costs of raw materials, such as nickel.

 

Our principal raw material is nickel, which is available from a limited number of suppliers in China. The price of nickel was volatile during 2014 and 2015 and could be volatile again. The price of nickel decreased 14% from January 2014 to December 2014 and 41% from January 2015 to December 2015. The prices of nickel and other raw materials used to make our batteries increase and decrease due to factors beyond our control, including general economic conditions, domestic and worldwide demand, labor costs or problems, competition, import duties, tariffs, energy costs, currency exchange rates and those other factors described under “Certain disruptions in supply of and changes in the competitive environment for raw materials integral to our products may adversely affect our profitability.” In an environment of increasing prices for nickel and other raw materials, competitive conditions may impact how much of the price increases we can pass on to our customers and to the extent we are unable to pass on future price increases in our raw materials to our customers, our financial results could be adversely affected.

 

Our operations would be materially adversely affected if third-party carriers were unable to transport our products on a timely basis.

 

All of our products are shipped through third party carriers. If a strike or other event prevented or disrupted these carriers from transporting our products, other carriers may be unavailable or may not have the capacity to deliver our products to our customers. If adequate third party sources to ship our products are unavailable at any time, our business would be materially adversely affected.

 

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We may not be able to increase our manufacturing output in order to maintain our competitiveness in the battery industry.

 

We believe that our ability to provide cost-effective products represents a significant competitive advantage over our competitors. In order to continue providing such cost-effective products, we must maximize the efficiency of our production processes and increase our manufacturing output to a level that will enable us to reduce the unit production cost of our products. Our ability to increase our manufacturing output is subject to certain significant limitations, including:

 

  ¨ Our ability raise capital to acquire additional raw materials and expand our manufacturing facilities;

 

  ¨ Delays and cost overruns, due to increases in raw material prices and problems with equipment vendors;

 

  ¨ Delays or denial of required approvals and certifications by relevant government authorities;

 

  ¨ Diversion of significant management attention and other resources; and

 

  ¨ Failure to execute our expansion plan effectively.

 

If we are not able to increase our manufacturing output and reduce our unit production costs, we may be unable to maintain our competitive position in the battery industry. Moreover, even if expand our manufacturing output, we may not be able to generate sufficient customer demand for our products to support our increased production output.

 

The market for our products and services is very competitive and, if we cannot effectively compete, our business will be adversely affected.

 

The market for our products and services is very competitive and subject to rapid technological change. Many of our competitors are larger and have significantly greater assets, name recognition and financial, personnel and other resources than we have. As a result, our competitors may be in a stronger position to respond quickly to potential acquisitions and other market opportunities, new or emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements. We cannot assure that we will be able to maintain or increase our market share against the emergence of these or other sources of competition. Failure to maintain and enhance our competitive position could materially adversely affect our business and prospects.

 

Our business may be adversely affected by a global economic downturn, in addition to the continuing uncertainties in the financial markets.

 

The global economy experienced a pronounced economic downturn in previous years. Global financial markets have and may in the future experience disruptions, including severely diminished liquidity and credit availability, declines in consumer confidence, declines in economic growth, increases in unemployment rates, and uncertainty about economic stability. There is no assurance that there will not be deterioration in the global economy in the future, the global financial markets and consumer confidence. If economic conditions deteriorate, our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

 

Additionally, sales of consumer items such as portable electronic devices, have slowed in previous years and there have been adverse changes in employment levels, job growth, consumer confidence and interest rates. During 2015, China, which represented 46.7% of our net sales for the year ended December 31, 2015, experienced a pronounced deceleration in its economic growth. Our future results of operations may experience substantial fluctuations from period to period as a consequence of these factors, and such conditions and other factors affecting consumer spending may affect the timing of orders. Thus, any economic downturns generally would have a material adverse effect on our business, cash flows, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Moreover, the inability of our customers and suppliers to access capital efficiently, or at all, may have other adverse effects on our financial condition. For example, financial difficulties experienced by our customers or suppliers could result in product delays; increase accounts receivable defaults; and increase our inventory exposure. The inability of our customers to borrow money to fund purchases of our products reduces the demand for our products and services and may adversely affect our results from operations and cash flow. These risks may increase if our customers and suppliers do not adequately manage their business or do not properly disclose their financial condition to us.

 

Although we believe we have adequate liquidity and capital resources to fund our operations internally, in light of current market conditions, our inability to access the capital markets on favorable terms, or at all, may adversely affect our financial performance. The inability to obtain adequate financing from debt or capital sources could force us to self-fund strategic initiatives or even forego certain opportunities, which in turn could potentially harm our performance.

 

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Maintaining and expanding our manufacturing operations requires significant capital expenditures, and our inability or failure to maintain and expand our operations would have a material adverse impact on our market share and ability to generate revenue.

 

We had capital expenditures of approximately $11.3 million and $8.9 million in the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. We may incur significant additional capital expenditures as a result of our expansion of our operations into our new production factory, as well as unanticipated events, regulatory changes and other events that impact our business. If we are unable or fail to adequately maintain our manufacturing capacity or quality control processes or adequately expand our production capabilities, we could lose customers and there could be a material adverse impact on our market share and our ability to generate revenue.

 

Warranty claims, product liability claims and product recalls could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our business inherently exposes us to potential warranty and product liability claims, in the event that our products fail to perform as expected or such failure of our products results, or is alleged to result, in bodily injury or property damage (or both). Such claims may arise despite our quality controls, proper testing and instruction for use of our products, either due to a defect during manufacturing or due to the individual’s improper use of the product. In addition, if any of our designed products are or are alleged to be defective, then we may be required to participate in a recall of them.

 

Existing PRC laws and regulations do not require us to maintain third party liability insurance to cover product liability claims. Although we have obtained products liability insurance, if a warranty or product liability claim is brought against us, regardless of merit or eventual outcome, or a recall of one of our products is required, such claim or recall may result in damage to our reputation, breach of contracts with our customers, decreased demand for our products, costly litigation, additional product recalls, loss of revenue, and the inability to commercialize some products. Additionally, our insurance policy imposes a ceiling for maximum coverage and high deductibles and we may be unable to obtain sufficient amounts from our policy to cover a product liability claim. We may not be able to obtain any insurance coverage for certain types of product liability claims, as our policy excludes coverage of certain types of claims. In such cases, we may still incur substantial costs related to a product liability claim, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Manufacturing or use of our battery products may cause accidents, which could result in significant production interruption, delay or claims for substantial damages.

 

Our batteries, especially lithium batteries, can pose certain safety risks, including the risk of fire. While we implement stringent safety procedures at all stages of battery production that minimize such risks, accidents may still occur. Any accident, regardless of where it occurs, may result in significant production interruption, delays or claims for substantial damages caused by personal injuries or property damages.

 

Our labor costs have increased and are likely to continue to increase as a result of changes in Chinese labor laws.

 

We expect to experience an increase in our cost of labor due to recent changes in Chinese labor laws which are likely to increase costs further and impose restrictions on our relationship with our employees. In June 2007, the National People’s Congress of the PRC enacted new labor law legislation called the Labor Contract Law and more strictly enforced existing labor laws. The law, which became effective on January 1, 2008, amended and formalized workers’ rights concerning overtime hours, pensions, layoffs, employment contracts and the role of trade unions. As a result of the law, we have had to increase the salaries of our employees, provide additional benefits to our employees, and revise certain other of our labor practices. The increase in labor costs has increased our operating costs, which we have not always been able to pass on to our customers. In addition, under the law, employees who either have worked for us for 10 years or more or who have had two consecutive fixed-term contracts must be given an “open-ended employment contract” that, in effect, constitutes a lifetime, permanent contract, which is terminable only in the event the employee materially breaches our rules and regulations or is in serious dereliction of his or her duties. Such non-cancelable employment contracts have substantially increased our employment-related risks and limit our ability to downsize our workforce in the event of an economic downturn. No assurance can be given that we will not in the future be subject to labor strikes or that we will not have to make other payments to resolve future labor issues caused by the new laws. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that labor laws in the PRC will not change further or that their interpretation and implementation will vary, which may have a negative effect upon our business and results of operations.

 

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We cannot guarantee the protection of our intellectual property rights and if infringement of our intellectual property rights occurs, including counterfeiting of our products, our reputation and business may be adversely affected.

 

To protect the reputation of our products, we have sought to file or register intellectual property, as appropriate, in the PRC where we have our primary business presence. As of December 31, 2015, we have registered two trademarks as used on our battery products, one in English and the other in its Chinese equivalent. Our products are currently sold under these trademarks in the PRC, and we plan to expand our products to other international markets. There is no assurance that there will not be any infringement of our brand name or other registered trademarks or counterfeiting of our products in the future, in China or elsewhere. Should any such infringement and/or counterfeiting occur, our reputation and business may be adversely affected. We may also incur significant expenses and substantial amounts of time and effort to enforce our trademark rights in the future. Such diversion of our resources may adversely affect our existing business and future expansion plans.

 

As of December 31, 2015, we held 152 Chinese patents and had 49 Chinese patent applications pending. Additionally, we have licensed patented technology from Ovonic Battery Company, Inc. related to the manufacture of Ni-MH batteries. We believe that obtaining patents and enforcing other proprietary protections for our technologies and products have been and will continue to be very important in enabling us to compete effectively. However, there can be no assurance that our pending patent applications will issue, or that we will be able to obtain any new patents, in China or elsewhere, or that our or our licensors’ patents and proprietary rights will not be challenged or circumvented, or that these patents will provide us with any meaningful competitive advantages. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that others will not independently develop similar products or will not design around any patents that have been or may be issued to us or our licensors. Failure to obtain patents in certain foreign countries may materially adversely affect our ability to compete effectively in those international markets. If a sufficiently broad patent were to be issued from a competing application in China or elsewhere, it could have a material adverse effect upon our intellectual property position in that particular market.

 

In addition, our rights to use the licensed proprietary technologies of our licensors depends on the timely and complete payment for such rights pursuant to license agreements between the parties; failure to adhere to the terms of these agreements could result in the loss of such rights and could materially and adversely affect our business.

 

If our products are alleged to or found to conflict with patents that have been or may be granted to competitors or others, our reputation and business may be adversely affected.

 

Rapid technological developments in the battery industry and the competitive nature of the battery products market make the patent position of battery manufacturers subject to numerous uncertainties related to complex legal and factual issues. Consequently, although we either own or hold licenses to certain patents in the PRC, and are currently processing several additional patent applications in the PRC, it is possible that no patents will issue from any pending applications or that claims allowed in any existing or future patents issued or licensed to us will be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented, or that any rights granted there under will not provide us adequate protection. As a result, we may be required to participate in interference or infringement proceedings to determine the priority of certain inventions or may be required to commence litigation to protect our rights, which could result in substantial costs. Further, other parties could bring legal actions against us claiming damages and seeking to enjoin manufacturing and marketing of our products for allegedly conflicting with patents held by them. Any such litigation could result in substantial cost to us and diversion of effort by our management and technical personnel. If any such actions are successful, in addition to any potential liability for damages, we could be required to obtain a license in order to continue to manufacture or market the affected products. There can be no assurance that we would prevail in any such action or that any license required under any such patent would be made available on acceptable terms, if at all. Failure to obtain needed patents, licenses or proprietary information held by others may have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, if we were to become involved in such litigation, it could consume a substantial portion of our time and resources. Also, with respect to licensed technology, there can be no assurance that the licensor of the technology will have the resources, financial or otherwise, or desire to defend against any challenges to the rights of such licensor to its patents.

 

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We rely on trade secret protections through confidentiality agreements with our employees, customers and other parties; the breach of such agreements could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

We rely on trade secrets, which we seek to protect, in part, through confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with our employees, customers and other parties. There can be no assurance that these agreements will not be breached, that we would have adequate remedies for any such breach or that our trade secrets will not otherwise become known to or independently developed by competitors. To the extent that consultants, key employees or other third parties apply technological information independently developed by them or by others to our proposed projects, disputes may arise as to the proprietary rights to such information that may not be resolved in our favor. We may be involved from time to time in litigation to determine the enforceability, scope and validity of our proprietary rights. Any such litigation could result in substantial cost and diversion of effort by our management and technical personnel.

 

The failure to manage growth effectively could have an adverse effect on our employee efficiency, product quality, working capital levels, and results of operations.

 

Any significant growth in the market for our products or our entry into new markets may require expansion of our employee base for managerial, operational, financial, and other purposes. As of December 31, 2015, we had approximately 3,600 full-time employees. During any growth, we may face problems related to our operational and financial systems and controls, including quality control and delivery and service capacities. We would also need to continue to expand, train and manage our employee base. Continued future growth will impose significant added responsibilities upon the members of management to identify, recruit, maintain, integrate, and motivate new employees.

 

Aside from increased difficulties in the management of human resources, we may also encounter working capital issues, as we will need increased liquidity to finance the purchase of raw materials and supplies, development of new products, and the hiring of additional employees. For effective growth management, we will be required to continue improving our operations, management, and financial systems and control. Our failure to manage growth effectively may lead to operational and financial inefficiencies that will have a negative effect on our profitability. We cannot assure investors that we will be able to timely and effectively meet that demand and maintain the quality standards required by our existing and potential customers.

 

We are dependent on certain key personnel and loss of these key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our success is, to a certain extent, attributable to the management, sales and marketing, and operational and technical expertise of certain key personnel. Each of the named executive officers performs key functions in the operation of our business. The loss of a significant number of these employees could have a material adverse effect upon our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

We are dependent on a technically trained workforce and an inability to retain or effectively recruit such employees could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We must attract, recruit and retain a sizeable workforce of technically competent employees to develop and manufacture our products and provide service support. Our ability to implement effectively our business strategy will depend upon, among other factors, the successful recruitment and retention of additional highly skilled and experienced engineering and other technical and marketing personnel. There is significant competition for technologically qualified personnel in our business and we may not be successful in recruiting or retaining sufficient qualified personnel consistent with our operational needs.

 

Our planned expansion into new and existing international markets poses additional risks and could fail, which could cost us valuable resources and affect our results of operations.

 

We are expanding sales of our products into new and existing international markets including developing and developed countries, such as Japan, Russia, India, Turkey and Brazil. These markets are untested for our products and we face risks in expanding the business overseas, which include differences in regulatory product testing requirements, intellectual property protection (including patents and trademarks), taxation policy, legal systems and rules, marketing costs, fluctuations in currency exchange rates and changes in political and economic conditions.

 

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Our expansion into the Lithium battery business is subject to substantial risks, which could result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

In September 2008, we completed the construction and build-out of two production lines for the development and manufacturing of a range of lithium rechargeable batteries and products. Prior to September 2008, we had very limited experience in the development and production of lithium batteries. While we are expanding our production capabilities of lithium batteries, we may be unable to manufacture lithium battery products in the time frame and amounts expected or may be unable to increase our sales of lithium products. The lithium ion battery market is competitive and risky and we are unsure whether our lithium products will continue to gain market acceptance. We are competing against numerous competitors with greater financial resources than us, and due to the difficulties of entry into these markets, we may be unsuccessful and not be able to compete effectively in the lithium battery industry.

 

Adverse capital and credit market conditions may significantly affect our ability to meet liquidity needs, access to capital and cost of capital.

 

The capital and credit markets have previously experienced extreme volatility and disruption, including, among other things, extreme volatility in securities prices, severely diminished liquidity and credit availability, ratings downgrades of certain investments and declining valuations of others. Governments have taken unprecedented actions intended to address extreme market conditions that have included severely restricted credit and declines in real estate values. In some cases, the markets have exerted downward pressure on availability of liquidity and credit capacity for certain issuers. While historically these conditions have not impaired our ability to utilize our current credit facilities and finance our operations, there can be no assurance that there will not be deterioration in financial markets and confidence in major economies such that our ability to access credit markets and finance our operations, might be impaired. Without sufficient liquidity, we may be forced to curtail our operations. Adverse market conditions may limit our ability to replace, in a timely manner, maturing liabilities and access the capital necessary to operate and grow our business. As such, we may be forced to delay raising capital or bear an unattractive cost of capital which could decrease our profitability and significantly reduce our financial flexibility. The tightening of credit in financial markets could adversely affect the ability of our customers to obtain financing for purchases of our products and could result in a decrease in or cancellation of orders for our products. Our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and capital position could be materially adversely affected by disruptions in the financial markets.

 

We have been relying on bank facilities to finance our expansion of new plants, which increased our debt asset ratio. We may not have sufficient cash to meet our payment obligations.

 

The Company leverages from various Chinese banks to fund its business operations and our expansion to meet the demand from the fast growing lithium battery market in mobile and portable consumer devices, vehicles of various sizes, and energy storage systems. As of December 31, 2015, the Company’s debt asset ratio was 68.1%. The management of the Company has taken and will take a number of actions and will continue to address our high debt level situation in order to restore the Company to a sound financial position with an appropriate business strategy going forward. These actions can include market more higher-margined lithium battery products and systems; control cost in operating expenses, and improve management efficiency; and introduce strategic investment. If we are not successful in implementing these actions, we may not have sufficient cash to meet our payment obligations.

 

Our quarterly results may fluctuate because of many factors and, as a result, investors should not rely on quarterly operating results as indicative of future results.

 

Fluctuations in operating results or the failure of operating results to meet the expectations of public market analysts and investors may negatively impact the value of our securities. Quarterly operating results may fluctuate in the future due to a variety of factors that could affect revenues or expenses in any particular quarter. Fluctuations in quarterly operating results could cause the value of our securities to decline. Investors should not rely on quarter-to-quarter comparisons of results of operations as an indication of future performance. As a result of the factors listed below, it is possible that in the future periods results of operations may be below the expectations of public market analysts and investors. This could cause the market price of our securities to decline. Factors that may affect our quarterly results include:

 

  ¨ Vulnerability of our business to a general economic downturn in China;

 

  ¨ Fluctuation and unpredictability of costs related to the raw materials used to manufacture our products;

 

  ¨ Seasonality of our business;

 

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  ¨ Changes in the laws of the PRC that affect our operations;

 

  ¨ Competition from our competitors; and

 

  ¨ Our ability to obtain necessary government certifications and/or licenses to conduct our business.

 

Our stock price may be negatively affected if we become subject to the recent scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity involving U.S. listed Chinese companies.

 

U.S. public companies that have substantially all of their operations in China, particularly companies like us which have completed share exchanges or reverse merger transactions, have been the subject of intense scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity by investors, financial commentators and regulatory agencies, such as the SEC. Much of the scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity has centered around financial and accounting irregularities and mistakes, a lack of effective internal controls over financial accounting, inadequate corporate governance policies or a lack of adherence thereto and, in many cases, allegations of fraud. As a result of the scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity, the publicly traded stock of many U.S.-listed Chinese companies has sharply decreased in value and, in some cases, has become virtually worthless. Many of these companies subject to shareholder lawsuits and SEC enforcement actions, conducted internal and external investigations into the allegations. If we become the subject of any unfavorable allegations, whether such allegations are proven to be true or untrue, we will have to expend significant resources to investigate such allegations and/or defend our company. This situation will be costly and time consuming and distract our management from growing our company. If such allegations are not proven to be groundless, our company and business operations will be severely negatively affected and your investment in our stock could be rendered worthless.

 

We have outstanding warrants and options, and future sales of the shares obtained upon exercise of these options or warrants could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

As of December 31, 2015, we had outstanding options exercisable for an aggregate of 399,078 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $3.17 per share and warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 740,001 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $5.43 per share. We have registered the issuance of all the shares issuable upon exercise of the options and 540,001 of the shares underlying warrant, and they will be freely tradable by the exercising party upon issuance. The holders may sell these shares in the public markets from time to time, without limitations on the timing, amount or method of sale. As our stock price rises, the holders may exercise their warrants and options and sell a large number of shares. This could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

 

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RISKS RELATED TO DOING BUSINESS IN CHINA

 

The PRC government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which we must conduct our business activities.

 

The PRC government has exercised and continues to exercise substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through regulation and state ownership. Our ability to operate in China may be harmed by changes in its laws and regulations, including those relating to taxation, import and export tariffs, environmental regulations, land use rights, property, and other matters. We believe that our operations in China are in material compliance with all applicable legal and regulatory requirements. However, the central or local governments of the jurisdictions in which we operate may impose new, stricter regulations or interpretations of existing regulations that would require additional expenditures and efforts on our part to ensure our compliance with such regulations or interpretations.

 

Substantially all of our assets are located in the PRC and substantially all of our revenues are derived from our operations in China, and changes in the political and economic policies of the PRC government could have a significant impact upon the business we may be able to conduct in the PRC and accordingly on the results of our operations and financial condition.

 

Our business operations may be adversely affected by the current and future political environment in the PRC. The Chinese government exerts substantial influence and control over the manner in which we must conduct our business activities. Our ability to operate in China may be adversely affected by changes in Chinese laws and regulations, including those relating to taxation, import and export tariffs, raw materials, environmental regulations, land use rights, property and other matters. Under the current government leadership, the government of the PRC has been pursuing economic reform policies that encourage private economic activities and greater economic decentralization. There is no assurance, however, that the government of the PRC will continue to pursue these policies, or that it will not significantly alter these policies from time to time without advance notice.

 

Our operations are subject to PRC laws and regulations that are sometimes vague and uncertain. Any changes in such PRC laws and regulations, or the interpretations thereof, may have a material and adverse effect on our business.

 

The PRC’s legal system is a civil law system based on written statutes. Unlike the common law system prevalent in the United States, decided legal cases have little value as precedent in China. There are substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of PRC laws and regulations, including but not limited to, governmental approvals required for conducting business and investments, laws and regulations governing the battery industry, national security-related laws and regulations and export/import laws and regulations, as well as commercial, antitrust, patent, product liability, environmental laws and regulations, consumer protection, and financial and business taxation laws and regulations.

 

The Chinese government has been developing a comprehensive system of commercial laws, and considerable progress has been made in introducing laws and regulations dealing with economic matters such as foreign investment, corporate organization and governance, commerce, taxation and trade. However, because these laws and regulations are relatively new, and because of the limited volume of published cases and judicial interpretation and their lack of force as precedents, interpretation and enforcement of these laws and regulations involve significant uncertainties. New laws and regulations that affect existing and proposed future businesses may also be applied retroactively.

 

Our principal operating subsidiaries, SZ Highpower and SZ Springpower are considered foreign invested enterprises under PRC laws, and as a result are required to comply with PRC laws and regulations, including laws and regulations specifically governing the activities and conduct of foreign invested enterprises. We cannot predict what effect the interpretation of existing or new PRC laws or regulations may have on our businesses. If the relevant authorities find us in violation of PRC laws or regulations, they would have broad discretion in dealing with such a violation, including, without limitation:

 

  ¨ Levying fines;

 

  ¨ Revoking our business license, other licenses or authorities;

 

  ¨ Requiring that we restructure our ownership or operations; and

 

  ¨ Requiring that we discontinue any portion or all of our business.

 

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The disclosures in our reports and other filings with the SEC and our other public pronouncements are not subject to the scrutiny of any regulatory bodies in the PRC. Accordingly, our public disclosure should be reviewed in light of the fact that no governmental agency that is located in China where substantially all of our operations and business are located have conducted any due diligence on our operations or reviewed or cleared any of our disclosures.

 

We are regulated by the SEC and our reports and other filings with the SEC are subject to SEC review in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act. Unlike public reporting companies whose operations are located primarily in the United States, however, substantially all of our operations are located in China. Since substantially all of our operations and business take place in China, it may be more difficult for the Staff of the SEC to overcome the geographic and cultural obstacles that are present when reviewing our disclosures. These same obstacles are not present for similar companies whose operations or business take place entirely or primarily in the United States. Furthermore, our SEC reports and other disclosures and public pronouncements are not subject to the review or scrutiny of any PRC regulatory authority. For example, the disclosure in our SEC reports and other filings are not subject to the review of China Securities Regulatory Commission, a PRC regulator that is tasked with oversight of the capital markets in China. Accordingly, you should review our SEC reports, filings and our other public pronouncements with the understanding that no local regulator has done any due diligence on our company and with the understanding that none of our SEC reports, other filings or any of our other public pronouncements has been reviewed or otherwise been scrutinized by any local regulator.

 

Our auditors, like other independent registered public accounting firms operating in China and to the extent their audit clients have operations in China, is not permitted to be subject to full inspection by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and, as such, you may be deprived of the benefits of such inspection.

 

Our independent registered public accounting firm that issued the audit reports included in our annual reports filed with the SEC, as auditors of companies that are traded publicly in the United States and registered with the US Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), or PCAOB, are required by the laws of the United States to undergo regular inspections by the PCAOB to assess their compliance with the laws of the United States and professional standards.

 

However, our operations are solely located in the PRC, a jurisdiction where PCAOB is currently unable to conduct inspections without the approval of the PRC authorities. Our independent registered public accounting firm, like others operating in China (and Hong Kong, to the extent their audit clients have operations in China), is currently not subject to inspection conducted by the PCAOB. Inspections of other firms that the PCAOB has conducted outside China have identified deficiencies in those firms’ audit procedures and quality control procedures, which may be addressed as part of the inspection process to improve future audit quality. The inability of the PCAOB to conduct full inspections of auditors operating in China makes it more difficult to evaluate our auditors’ audit procedures or quality control procedures. As a result, investors may be deprived of the benefits of PCAOB inspections.

 

The scope of our business license in China is limited, and we may not expand or continue our business without government approval and renewal, respectively.

 

Our principal operating subsidiaries, SZ Highpower and ICON, are wholly foreign-owned enterprises, commonly known as WFOEs. A WFOE can only conduct business within its approved business scope, which appears on the business license since its inception. Our license permits us to design, manufacture, sell and market battery products throughout the PRC. Any amendment to the scope of our business requires further application and government approval. Prior to expanding our business and engaging in activities that are not covered by our current business licenses, we are required to apply and receive approval from the relevant PRC government authorities. In order for us to expand business beyond the scope of our license, we will be required to enter into a negotiation with the authorities for the approval to expand the scope of our business. PRC authorities, which have discretion over business licenses, may reject our request to expand the scope of our business licenses to include our planned areas of expansion. We will be prohibited from engaging in any activities that the PRC authorities do not approve in our expanded business licenses. Companies that operate outside the scope of their licenses can be subjected to fines, disgorgement of income and ordered to cease operations. Our business and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected if we are unable to obtain the necessary government approval for expanded business licenses that cover any areas in which we wish to expand.

 

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We are subject to a variety of environmental laws and regulations related to our manufacturing operations. Our failure to comply with environmental laws and regulations may have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

We are subject to various environmental laws and regulations in China that require us to obtain environmental permits for our battery manufacturing operations. Our current environmental permit from the Shenzhen Environment Protection Bureau Longgang Sub-bureau (the “Bureau”) covering our manufacturing operations expires on December 30, 2016. Historically, under a previous permit which expired in September 2007, we substantially exceeded the approved annual output limit of Ni-MH rechargeable batteries set forth in the permit. Although we do not currently exceed the approved annual output limits under the new permit, we cannot guarantee that this will continue to be the case. Additionally, our current permit does not cover one of our existing premises at our manufacturing facility. If we fail to comply with the provisions of our permit, we could be subject to fines, criminal charges or other sanctions by regulators, including the suspension or termination of our manufacturing operations.

 

To the extent we ship our products outside of the PRC, or to the extent our products are used in products sold outside of the PRC, they may be affected by the following: The transportation of non-rechargeable and rechargeable lithium batteries is regulated by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), and corresponding International Air Transport Association (IATA), Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), Dangerous Goods Regulations and the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG), and in the PRC by General Administration of Civil Aviation of China and Maritime Safety Administration of People’s Republic of China. These regulations are based on the United Nations (UN) Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations and the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. We currently ship our products pursuant to ICAO, IATA and PHMSA hazardous goods regulations. New regulations that pertain to all lithium battery manufacturers went into effect in 2003 and 2004, and additional regulations went into effect on October 1, 2009. The regulations require companies to meet certain testing, packaging, labeling and shipping specifications for safety reasons. We comply with all current PRC and international regulations for the shipment of our products, and will comply with any new regulations that are imposed. We have established our own testing facilities to ensure that we comply with these regulations. If we were unable to comply with the new regulations, however, or if regulations are introduced that limit our ability to transport products to customers in a cost-effective manner, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We cannot assure that at all times we will be in compliance with environmental laws and regulations or our environmental permits or that we will not be required to expend significant funds to comply with, or discharge liabilities arising under, environmental laws, regulations and permits. Additionally, these regulations may change in a manner that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. We have made and will continue to make capital and other expenditures to comply with environmental requirements.

 

Furthermore, our failure to comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations worldwide could harm our business and results of operations. The manufacturing, assembling and testing of our products require the use of hazardous materials that are subject to a broad array of environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. Our failure to comply with any of these applicable laws or regulations could result in:

 

  ¨ Regulatory penalties, fines and legal liabilities;

 

  ¨ Suspension of production;

 

  ¨ Alteration of our fabrication, assembly and test processes; and

 

  ¨ Curtailment of our operations or sales.

 

In addition, our failure to manage the use, transportation, emission, discharge, storage, recycling or disposal of hazardous materials could subject us to increased costs or future liabilities. Existing and future environmental laws and regulations could also require us to acquire pollution abatement or remediation equipment, modify our product designs or incur other expenses associated with such laws and regulations. Many new materials that we are evaluating for use in our operations may be subject to regulation under existing or future environmental laws and regulations that may restrict our use of one or more of such materials in our manufacturing, assembly and test processes or products. Any of these restrictions could harm our business and results of operations by increasing our expenses or requiring us to alter our manufacturing processes.

 

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PRC regulations relating to acquisitions of PRC companies by foreign entities may create regulatory uncertainties that could restrict or limit our ability to operate, including our ability to pay dividends. Our failure to obtain the prior approval of the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, for any offering of our common stock could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, reputation and trading price of our common stock.

 

The PRC State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or “SAFE,” issued a public notice in November 2005, known as Circular 75, concerning the use of offshore holding companies in mergers and acquisitions in China. The public notice provides that if an offshore company controlled by PRC residents intends to acquire a PRC company, such acquisition will be subject to registration with the relevant foreign exchange authorities. The public notice also suggests that registration with the relevant foreign exchange authorities is required for any sale or transfer by the PRC residents of shares in an offshore holding company that owns an onshore company. The PRC residents must each submit a registration form to the local SAFE branch with respect to their ownership interests in the offshore company, and must also file an amendment to such registration if the offshore company experiences material events, such as changes in the share capital, share transfer, mergers and acquisitions, spin-off transactions or use of assets in China to guarantee offshore obligations. If any PRC resident stockholder of an offshore holding company fails to make the required SAFE registration and amended registration, the onshore PRC subsidiaries of that offshore company may be prohibited from distributing their profits and the proceeds from any reduction in capital, share transfer or liquidation to the offshore entity. In May 2011, the SAFE promulgated new operational rules, known as Notice 19, for the implementation of Circular 75. Failure to comply with the SAFE registration and amendment requirements of Circular 75, as applied by SAFE in accordance with Notice 19 could result in liability under PRC laws for evasion of applicable foreign exchange restrictions. Most of our PRC resident stockholders, as defined in the SAFE notice, have not registered with the relevant branch of SAFE, as currently required, in connection with their former ownership of equity interests in HKHTC. Because of uncertainty of how the SAFE notice will be further interpreted and enforced, we cannot be sure how it will affect our business operations or future plans. For example, our subsidiaries’ ability to conduct foreign exchange activities, such as the remittance of dividends and foreign currency-denominated borrowings, may be subject to compliance with the SAFE notice by our PRC resident beneficial holders. Failure by our PRC resident beneficial holders could subject these PRC resident beneficial holders to fines or legal sanctions, restrict our overseas or cross-border investment activities, limit our subsidiaries’ ability to make distributions or pay dividends or affect our ownership structure, which could adversely affect our business and prospects.

 

On August 8, 2006, the PRC Ministry of Commerce (“MOFCOM”), joined by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, the State Administration of Taxation, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, the China Securities Regulatory Commission and SAFE, released a substantially amended version of the Provisions for Foreign Investors to Merge with or Acquire Domestic Enterprises (the “Revised M&A Regulations”), which took effect on September 8, 2006. These rules significantly revised China’s regulatory framework governing onshore-to-offshore restructurings and foreign acquisitions of domestic enterprises. These rules implemented greater PRC government attention to cross-border merger, acquisition and other investment activities, by confirming MOFCOM as a key regulator for issues related to mergers and acquisitions in China and requiring MOFCOM approval of a broad range of merger, acquisition and investment transactions. Further, the rules established reporting requirements for acquisition of control by foreigners of companies in key industries, and reinforce the ability of the Chinese government to monitor and prohibit foreign control transactions in key industries.

 

Among other things, the Revised M&A Regulations include provisions that require that an offshore special purpose vehicle, or SPV, formed for listing purposes and controlled directly or indirectly by PRC companies or individuals must obtain the approval of the CSRC prior to the listing and trading of such SPV’s securities on an overseas stock exchange. On September 21, 2006, the CSRC published on its official website procedures specifying documents and materials required to be submitted to it by SPVs seeking CSRC approval of their overseas listings. Highpower’s PRC counsel, Zhonglun Law Firm has advised us that because we completed our onshore-to-offshore restructuring before September 8, 2006, the effective date of the new regulation, it is not necessary for us to submit the application to the CSRC for its approval, and the listing and trading of our common stock does not require CSRC approval.

 

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If the CSRC or another PRC regulatory agency subsequently determines that CSRC approval was required for any transaction prior to September 21, 2006 not receiving prior approval, we may face regulatory actions or other sanctions from the CSRC or other PRC regulatory agencies. These regulatory agencies may impose fines and penalties on our operations in the PRC, limit our operating privileges in the PRC, delay or restrict the repatriation of the proceeds from an offering of securities into the PRC, or take other actions that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, reputation and prospects, as well as the trading price of our common stock. The CSRC or other PRC regulatory agencies also may take actions requiring us, or making it advisable for us, to halt any offering before settlement and delivery of the securities offered. Consequently, if investors engage in market trading or other activities in anticipation of and prior to settlement and delivery, they do so at the risk that settlement and delivery may not occur.

 

Also, if later the CSRC requires that we obtain its approval for any transaction not receiving prior approval, we may be unable to obtain a waiver of the CSRC approval requirements, if and when procedures are established to obtain such a waiver. Any uncertainties and/or negative publicity regarding this CSRC approval requirement could have a material adverse effect on the trading price of our common stock.

 

Furthermore, the Circular on establishing the Security Review System for Merger and Acquisition of Domestic Enterprise by Foreign Investors was promulgated by the General Office of the State Council on February 3, 2011 and the Ministry of Commerce issued the corresponding implementation rules on August 25, 2011. According to these rules, a foreign investor’s acquisitions of Chinese companies in the fields of military, energy and resources, infrastructure, important agricultural products, infrastructure, transport service, key technology and major equipment manufacturing, and other restricted fields requires security review by a ministerial panel established and governed under the direction of the State Council and led by the National Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Commerce.

 

Complying with the requirements of the above rules to complete such transactions could be time-consuming, and any required approval processes, including obtaining approval from PRC Ministry of Commerce, may delay or inhibit our ability to complete such transactions, which could also affect our ability to expand our business.

 

If our land use rights or the land use rights of our landlord are revoked or not renewed, we would be forced to relocate operations.

 

Under Chinese law land is owned by the state or rural collective economic organizations. The state issues to the land users the land use right certificates. Land use rights can be revoked or not renewed and the land users forced to vacate at any time when redevelopment of the land is in the public interest. The public interest rationale is interpreted quite broadly and the process of land appropriation may be less than transparent. We acquired approximately 126,605 square meters of land equity in Huizhou from the Huizhou State-Owned Land Resource in 2007 upon which we constructed a manufacturing facility. We also acquired 58,669 square meters of land equity in Ganzhou, Guangdong, China in February 2012 from the Ganzhou Land and Resource Bureau upon which we have a facility to house our new materials business. Besides the land use rights in Huizhou and Ganzhou, we rely on the land use rights of our landlords for other facilities, and the loss of our own land use rights or our landlords’ land use rights would require us to identify and relocate our operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Any loss of this land use right would require us to identify and relocate our manufacturing and other facilities, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We will not be able to complete an acquisition of prospective acquisition targets in the PRC unless their financial statements can be reconciled to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles in a timely manner.

 

Companies based in the PRC may not have properly kept financial books and records that may be reconciled with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. If we attempt to acquire a significant PRC target company and/or its assets, we would be required to obtain or prepare financial statements of the target that are prepared in accordance with and reconciled to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Federal securities laws require that a business combination meeting certain financial significance tests require the public acquirer to prepare and file historical and/or pro forma financial statement disclosure with the SEC. These financial statements must be prepared in accordance with, or be reconciled to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and the historical financial statements must be audited in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), or PCAOB. If a proposed acquisition target does not have financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with, or that can be reconciled to, U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and audited in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, we will not be able to acquire that proposed acquisition target. These financial statement requirements may limit the pool of potential acquisition targets with which we may acquire and hinder our ability to expand our retail operations. Furthermore, if we consummate an acquisition and are unable to timely file audited financial statements and/or pro forma financial information required by the Exchange Act, such as Item 9.01 of Form 8-K, we will be ineligible to use the SEC’s short-form registration statement on Form S-3 to raise capital, if we are otherwise eligible to use a Form S-3. If we are ineligible to use a Form S-3, the process of raising capital may be more expensive and time consuming and the terms of any offering transaction may not be as favorable as they would have been if we were eligible to use Form S-3.

 

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We face risks related to natural disasters, terrorist attacks or other events in China that may affect usage of public transportation, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

Our business could be materially and adversely affected by natural disasters, terrorist attacks or other events in China. For example, in early 2008, parts of China suffered a wave of strong snow storms that severely impacted public transportation systems. In May 2008, Sichuan Province in China suffered a strong earthquake measuring approximately 8.0 on the Richter scale that caused widespread damage and casualties.  Any future natural disasters, terrorist attacks or other events in China could cause a reduction in usage of or other severe disruptions to, public transportation systems and could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

We face uncertainty from China’s Circular on Strengthening the Administration of Enterprise Income Tax on Non-Resident Enterprises' Share Transfer (“Circular 698”) that was released in December 2009 with retroactive effect from January 1, 2008.

 

The Chinese State Administration of Taxation (SAT) released a circular (Guoshuihan No. 698 – Circular 698) on December 15, 2009 that addresses the transfer of shares by nonresident companies. Circular 698, which is effective retroactively to January 1, 2008, may have a significant impact on many companies that use offshore holding companies to invest in China. Circular 698, which provides parties with a short period of time to comply its requirements, indirectly taxes foreign companies on gains derived from the indirect sale of a Chinese company. Where a foreign investor indirectly transfers equity interests in a Chinese resident enterprise by selling the shares in an offshore holding company, and the latter is located in a country or jurisdiction where the effective tax burden is less than 12.5% or where the offshore income of his, her, or its residents is not taxable, the foreign investor is required to provide the tax authority in charge of that Chinese resident enterprise with the relevant information within 30 days of the transfers. Moreover, where a foreign investor indirectly transfers equity interests in a Chinese resident enterprise through an abuse of form of organization and there are no reasonable commercial purposes such that the corporate income tax liability is avoided, the PRC tax authority will have the power to re-assess the nature of the equity transfer in accordance with PRC’s “substance-over-form” principle and deny the existence of the offshore holding company that is used for tax planning purposes.

 

The SAT issued Bulletin of the State of Taxation [2011] No. 24 (Bulletin) on March 28, 2011, in which various issues regarding the tax administration for non-PRC resident enterprises and clarifications on Circular 698 were addressed. The Bulletin defined some parameters stipulated in Circular 698, which, if a non-resident enterprise were to fall under, would be subject to the Circular requirements including that (a) “foreign investor (party with effective control)” applies to all foreign investors who have indirectly transferred a Chinese resident enterprise and (b) that “effective tax burden” refers to the effective tax imposed on the gains on the share transfer transaction per se. However, the SAT is expected to issue further clarification and guidance with regard to how to decide “abuse of form of organization” and “reasonable commercial purpose,” which can be utilized by us to determine if we comply with Circular 698. 

 

If we fail to comply with the requirements under Circular 698 and the Bulletin, we may become at risk of being taxed and we may also be required to expend valuable resources to comply with Circular 698 and the Bulletin or to establish that we should not be taxed, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

The foreign currency exchange rate between U.S. Dollars and Renminbi could adversely affect our financial condition.

 

To the extent that we need to convert U.S. Dollars into Renminbi for our operational needs, our financial position and the price of our common stock may be adversely affected should the Renminbi appreciate against the U.S. Dollar at that time. Conversely, if we decide to convert Renminbi into U.S. Dollars for the operational needs or paying dividends on our common stock, the dollar equivalent of our earnings from our subsidiaries in China would be reduced should the dollar appreciate against the Renminbi.

 

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Until 1994, the Renminbi experienced a gradual but significant devaluation against most major currencies, including dollars, and there was a significant devaluation of the Renminbi on January 1, 1994 in connection with the replacement of the dual exchange rate system with a unified managed floating rate foreign exchange system. Since 1994, the value of the Renminbi relative to the U.S. Dollar has remained stable and has appreciated slightly against the U.S. Dollar. Countries, including the United States, have argued that the Renminbi is artificially undervalued due to China’s current monetary policies and have pressured China to allow the Renminbi to float freely in world markets. In July 2005, the PRC government changed its policy of pegging the value of the Renminbi to the dollar. Under the new policy the Renminbi is permitted to fluctuate within a narrow and managed band against a basket of designated foreign currencies. While the international reaction to the Renminbi revaluation has generally been positive, there remains significant international pressure on the PRC government to adopt an even more flexible currency policy, which could result in further and more significant appreciation of the Renminbi against the dollar.

 

Because most of our oversea sales are made in U.S. Dollars and most of our expenses are paid in RMB, devaluation of the U.S. Dollar could negatively impact our results of operations.

 

The value of RMB is subject to changes in China’s governmental policies and to international economic and political developments. In January 1994, the PRC government implemented a unitary managed floating rate system. Under this system, the People’s Bank of China, or PBOC, began publishing a daily Base Exchange Rate with reference primarily to the supply and demand of RMB against the U.S. Dollar and other foreign currencies in the market during the previous day. Authorized banks and financial institutions are allowed to quote buy and sell rates for RMB within a specified band around the central bank’s daily exchange rate. On July 21, 2005, PBOC announced an adjustment of the exchange rate of the U.S. Dollar to RMB and modified the system by which the exchange rates are determined, which has resulted in an appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. Dollar. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the exchange rate of the RMB to the U.S. Dollar increased approximately 6.2% from the level at the end of December 31, 2014. While the international reaction to the RMB revaluation has generally been positive, there remains significant international pressure on the PRC government to adopt an even more flexible currency policy, which could result in further fluctuations of the exchange rate of the U.S. Dollar against the RMB, including future devaluations. Because most of our net sales are made in U.S. Dollars and most of our expenses are paid in RMB, any future devaluation of the U.S. Dollar against the RMB could negatively impact our results of operations. Moreover, any affirmative actions by the U.S. Government against the PRC in relation to the exchange rate could negatively impact our results of operations.

 

Inflation in the PRC could negatively affect our profitability and growth.

 

While the PRC economy has experienced rapid growth, such growth has been uneven among various sectors of the economy and in different geographical areas of the country. Rapid economic growth can lead to growth in the money supply and rising inflation. According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, China’s Average consumer Price Index was 1.4% in 2015. If prices for our products and services rise at a rate that is insufficient to compensate for the rise in the costs of supplies such as raw materials, it may have an adverse effect on our profitability.

 

Furthermore, In order to control inflation in the past, the PRC government has imposed controls on bank credits, limits on loans for fixed assets and restrictions on state bank lending. In January 2010, the Chinese government took steps to tighten the availability of credit including ordering banks to increase the amount of reserves they hold and to reduce or limit their lending. The implementation of such policies may impede economic growth. In October 2004, the People’s Bank of China, the PRC’s central bank, raised interest rates for the first time in nearly a decade and indicated in a statement that the measure was prompted by inflationary concerns in the Chinese economy. In April 2006, the People’s Bank of China raised the interest rate again. Repeated rises in interest rates by the central bank would likely slow economic activity in China which could, in turn, materially increase our costs and also reduce demand for our products and services.

 

Because our funds are held in banks which do not provide insurance, the failure of any bank in which we deposit our funds could affect our ability to continue in business.

 

Banks and other financial institutions in the PRC do not provide insurance for funds held on deposit. A significant portion of our assets are in the form of cash deposited with banks in the PRC, and in the event of a bank failure, we may not have access to our funds on deposit. Depending upon the amount of money we maintain in a bank that fails, our inability to have access to our cash could impair our operations, and, if we are not able to access funds to pay suppliers, employees and other creditors, we may be unable to continue in business.

 

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Failure to comply with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act could subject us to penalties and other adverse consequences.

 

As our ultimate holding company is a Delaware corporation, we are subject to the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which generally prohibits United States companies from engaging in bribery or other prohibited payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Foreign companies, including some that may compete with us, are not subject to these prohibitions. Corruption, extortion, bribery, pay-offs, theft and other fraudulent practices may occur from time-to-time in the PRC. We can make no assurance, however, that our employees or other agents will not engage in such conduct for which we might be held responsible. If our employees or other agents are found to have engaged in such practices, we could suffer severe penalties and other consequences that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If we make equity compensation grants to persons who are PRC citizens, they may be required to register with the State Administration of Foreign Exchange of the PRC, or SAFE. We may also face regulatory uncertainties that could restrict our ability to adopt an equity compensation plan for our directors and employees and other parties under PRC law.

 

On April 6, 2007, SAFE issued the “Operating Procedures for Administration of Domestic Individuals Participating in the Employee Stock Ownership Plan or Stock Option Plan of An Overseas Listed Company, also known as “Circular 78.” It is not clear whether Circular 78 covers all forms of equity compensation plans or only those which provide for the granting of stock options. For any plans which are so covered and are adopted by a non-PRC listed company after April 6, 2007, Circular 78 requires all participants who are PRC citizens to register with and obtain approvals from SAFE prior to their participation in the plan. In addition, Circular 78 also requires PRC citizens to register with SAFE and make the necessary applications and filings if they participated in an overseas listed company’s covered equity compensation plan prior to April 6, 2007. In 2008, we adopted the Highpower International, Inc. 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) under which we make option grants and other equity awards to our officers, directors and other eligible participants under the plan. Circular 78 may require our officers and directors who receive option grants and are PRC citizens to register with SAFE. We believe that the registration and approval requirements contemplated in Circular 78 will be burdensome and time consuming. If it is determined that the Plan is subject to Circular 78, failure to comply with such provisions may subject us and participants of the Plan who are PRC citizens to fines and legal sanctions and prevent us from being able to grant equity compensation to our PRC employees. In that case, our ability to compensate our employees and directors through equity compensation would be hindered and our business operations may be adversely affected. We have granted options to various employees and officers located in the PRC. We have complied with all of the relevant regulations imposed upon us related to such grants and assisted our grantees with their compliance with their individual registration requirements.

 

We have received certain preferential tax concessions and the loss of these preferential tax concessions may cause our tax liabilities to increase and our profitability to decline.

 

In China, the companies granted with National High-tech Enterprise status enjoy 15% income tax rate. This status needs to be renewed every three years. In 2008, our operating subsidiary, SZ Highpower received National High-tech Enterprise status, which was renewed in 2011 and recently renewed in 2014. In 2013, SZ Springpower received the National High-tech Enterprise status. In 2014, both GZ Highpower and ICON received National High-tech Enterprise status. The expiration of the preferential tax treatment will increase our tax liabilities and reduce our profitability. Additionally, the PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law (the “EIT Law”) was enacted on March 16, 2007. Under the EIT Law, which became effective on January 1, 2008, China adopted a uniform tax rate of 25% for all enterprises (including foreign-invested enterprises) and canceled several tax incentives enjoyed by foreign-invested enterprises. However, for foreign-invested enterprises established before the promulgation of the EIT Law, a five-year transition period is provided during which the tax rate gradually increased starting in 2008 and will be equal to the new 25% tax rate at the end of the transition period. We believe that our profitability will be negatively affected in the near future as a result of the new EIT Law. Any future increase in the enterprise income tax rate applicable to us or other adverse tax treatments could increase our tax liabilities and reduce net income.

 

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Under the EIT Law, Highpower International and HKHTC may be classified as “resident enterprises” of China for tax purpose, which may subject Highpower International and HKHTC to PRC income tax on taxable global income.

 

Under the PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law (the “EIT Law”) and its implementing rules, both of which became effective on January 1, 2008, enterprises are classified as resident enterprises and non-resident enterprises. An enterprise established outside of China with its “de facto management bodies” located within China is considered a “resident enterprise,” meaning that it can be treated in a manner similar to a Chinese domestic enterprise for enterprise income tax purposes. The implementing rules of the EIT Law define de facto management body as a managing body that in practice exercises “substantial and overall management and control over the production and operations, personnel, accounting, and properties” of the enterprise. Due to the short history of the EIT Law and lack of applicable legal precedents, it remains unclear how the PRC tax authorities will determine the PRC tax resident treatment of a foreign company such as Highpower International and HKHTC. Both Highpower International and HKHTC’s members of management are located in China. If the PRC tax authorities determine that Highpower International or HKHTC is a “resident enterprise” for PRC enterprise income tax purposes, a number of PRC tax consequences could follow. First, they may be subject to the enterprise income tax at a rate of 25% on their worldwide taxable income, including interest income on the proceeds from this offering, as well as PRC enterprise income tax reporting obligations. Second, the EIT Law provides that dividend paid between “qualified resident enterprises” is exempted from enterprise income tax. A recent circular issued by the State Administration of Taxation regarding the standards used to classify certain Chinese-invested enterprises controlled by Chinese enterprises or Chinese group enterprises and established outside of China as “resident enterprises” clarified that dividends and other income paid by such “resident enterprises” will be considered to be PRC source income, subject to PRC withholding tax, currently at a rate of 10%, when recognized by non-PRC shareholders. It is unclear whether the dividends that Highpower International or HKHTC receive from SZ Highpower and SZ Springpower will constitute dividends between “qualified resident enterprises” and would therefore qualify for tax exemption, because the definition of qualified resident enterprises is unclear and the relevant PRC government authorities have not yet issued guidance with respect to the processing of outbound remittances to entities that are treated as resident enterprises for PRC enterprise income tax purposes. We are actively monitoring the possibility of “resident enterprise” treatment for the applicable tax years and are evaluating appropriate organizational changes to avoid this treatment, to the extent possible. As a result of the EIT Law, our historical operating results will not be indicative of our operating results for future periods and the value of our common stock may be adversely affected.

 

Dividends payable by us to our foreign investors and any gain on the sale of our shares may be subject to taxes under PRC tax laws.

 

If dividends payable to our shareholders are treated as income derived from sources within China, then the dividends that shareholders receive from us, and any gain on the sale or transfer of our shares, may be subject to taxes under PRC tax laws.

 

Under the EIT Law and its implementing rules, PRC enterprise income tax at the rate of 10% is applicable to dividends payable by us to our investors that are non-resident enterprises so long as such non-resident enterprise investors do not have an establishment or place of business in China or, despite the existence of such establishment of place of business in China, the relevant income is not effectively connected with such establishment or place of business in China, to the extent that such dividends have their sources within the PRC. Similarly, any gain realized on the transfer of our shares by such investors is also subject to a 10% PRC income tax if such gain is regarded as income derived from sources within China and Highpower International is considered as a resident enterprise which is domiciled in China for tax purpose. Additionally, there is a possibility that the relevant PRC tax authorities may take the view that the Highpower International and HKHTC are holding SZ Highpower and SZ Springpower, and the capital gain derived by our overseas shareholders or investors from the share transfer is deemed China-sourced income, in which case such capital gain may be subject to a PRC withholding tax at the rate of up to 10%. If we are required under the EIT Law to withhold PRC income tax on our dividends payable to our foreign shareholders or investors who are non-resident enterprises, or if investors are required to pay PRC income tax on the transfer or our shares under the circumstances mentioned above, the value of investors’ investment in our shares may be materially and adversely affected.

  

In January, 2009, the State Administration of Taxation promulgated the Provisional Measures for the Administration of Withholding of Enterprise Income Tax for Non-resident Enterprises (“Measures”), pursuant to which, the entities which have the direct obligation to make the following payment to a non-resident enterprise shall be the relevant tax withholders for such non-resident enterprise, and such payment includes: incomes from equity investment (including dividends and other return on investment), interests, rents, royalties, and incomes from assignment of property as well as other incomes subject to enterprise income tax received by non-resident enterprises in China. Further, the Measures provides that in case of equity transfer between two non-resident enterprises which occurs outside China, the non-resident enterprise which receives the equity transfer payment shall, by itself or engage an agent to, file tax declaration with the PRC tax authority located at place of the PRC company whose equity has been transferred, and the PRC company whose equity has been transferred shall assist the tax authorities to collect taxes from the relevant non-resident enterprise. However, it is unclear whether the Measures refer to the equity transfer by a non-resident enterprise which is a direct or an indirect shareholder of the said PRC Company. Given these Measures, there is a possibility that we may have an obligation to withhold income tax in respect of the dividends paid to non-resident enterprise investors.

 

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Any recurrence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Avian Flu, or another widespread public health problem, such as the spread of H1N1 (“Swine”) Flu, in the PRC could adversely affect our operations.

 

A renewed outbreak of SARS, Avian Flu or another widespread public health problem, such as the spread of H1N1 (“Swine”) Flu, in China, where all of our operations are located and where the substantial portion of our sales occur, could have a negative effect on our operations. Our business is dependent upon our ability to continue to manufacture battery products. Such an outbreak could have an impact on the Company’s operations as a result of:

 

  ¨ Quarantines or closures of some of our manufacturing facilities, which would severely disrupt our operations;
     
  ¨ The sickness or death of our key officers and employees; and
     
  ¨ A general slowdown in the Chinese economy.

 

Any of the foregoing events or other unforeseeable consequences of public health problems could adversely affect our operations.

 

A downturn in the economy of the PRC may slow our growth and profitability.

 

The growth of the Chinese economy has been uneven across geographic regions and economic sectors. There can be no assurance that growth of the Chinese economy will be steady or that any downturn will not have a negative effect on our business, especially if it results in either a decreased use of our products or in pressure on us to lower our prices.

 

Because our business is located in the PRC, we may have difficulty establishing adequate management, legal and financial controls, which are required in order to comply with U.S. securities laws.

 

PRC companies have historically not adopted a western style of management and financial reporting concepts and practices, which includes strong corporate governance, internal controls and, computer, financial and other control systems. Most of our middle and top management staff are not educated and trained in the Western system, and we may have difficulty in hiring new employees in the PRC with such training. In addition, we may have difficulty in hiring and retaining a sufficient number of qualified employees to work in the PRC. As a result of these factors, we may experience difficulty in establishing management, legal and financial controls, collecting financial data and preparing financial statements, books of account and corporate records and instituting business practices that meet Western standards. Therefore, we may, in turn, experience difficulties in implementing and maintaining adequate internal controls as required under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. This may result in significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal controls which could impact the reliability of our financial statements and prevent us from complying with SEC rules and regulations and the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Any such deficiencies, weaknesses or lack of compliance could have a materially adverse effect on our business.

 

Investors may experience difficulties in effecting service of legal process, enforcing foreign judgments or bringing original actions in China based upon U.S. laws, including the federal securities laws or other foreign laws against us or our management.

 

Most of our current operations, including the manufacture and distribution of our products, are conducted in China. Moreover, most of our directors and officers are nationals and residents of China Mainland or Hong Kong. All or substantially all of the assets of these persons are located outside the United States and in the PRC. As a result, it may not be possible to effect service of process within the United States or elsewhere outside China upon these persons. In addition, uncertainties exist as to whether the courts of China would recognize or enforce judgments of U.S. courts obtained against us or such officers and/or directors predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof, or be competent to hear original actions brought in China against us or such persons predicated upon the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof.

  

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Contract drafting, interpretation and enforcement in China involve significant uncertainties.

 

We have entered into numerous contracts governed by PRC law, many of which are material to our business. As compared with contracts in the United States, contracts governed by PRC law tend to contain less detail and are not as comprehensive in defining contracting parties’ rights and obligations. As a result, contracts in China are more vulnerable to disputes and legal challenges. In addition, contract interpretation and enforcement in China is not as developed as in the United States, and the result of any contract dispute is subject to significant uncertainties. Therefore, we cannot assure that we will not be subject to disputes under our material contracts, and if such disputes arise, we cannot assure that we will prevail.

 

We could be liable for damages for defects in our products pursuant to the Tort Liability Law of the PRC

 

The Tort Liability Law of the People’s Republic of China, which was passed during the 12th Session of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People’s Congress on December 26, 2009, states that manufacturers are liable for damages caused by defects in their products and sellers are liable for damages attributable to their fault. If the defects are caused by the fault of third parties such as the transporter or storekeeper, manufacturers and sellers are entitled to claim for compensation from these third parties after paying the compensation amount.

 

RISKS RELATED TO OUR CAPITAL STRUCTURE

 

The price of our common stock is volatile and investors might not be able to resell their securities at or above the price they have paid.

 

Since our initial public offering and listing of our common stock in October 2007, the price at which our common stock had traded has been highly volatile, with the lowest and highest sales price of $0.92 and $9.82, respectively. Investors might not be able to resell the shares of our common stock at or above the price they have paid. The stock market has experienced extreme volatility that often has been unrelated to the performance of its listed companies. Moreover, only a limited number of our shares are traded each day, which could increase the volatility of the price of our stock. These market fluctuations might cause our stock price to fall regardless of our performance. The market price of our common stock might fluctuate significantly in response to many factors, some of which are beyond our control, including the following:

 

  ¨ Actual or anticipated fluctuations in our annual and quarterly results of operations;

 

  ¨ Changes in securities analysts’ expectations;

 

  ¨ Variations in our operating results, which could cause us to fail to meet analysts’ or investors’ expectations;

 

  ¨ Announcements by our competitors or us of significant new products, contracts, acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments;

 

  ¨ Conditions and trends in our industry;

 

  ¨ General market, economic, industry and political conditions;

 

  ¨ Changes in market values of comparable companies;

 

  ¨ Additions or departures of key personnel;

 

  ¨ Stock market price and volume fluctuations attributable to inconsistent trading volume levels; and

 

  ¨ Future sales of equity or debt securities, including sales which dilute existing investors.

  

A few principal stockholders have significant influence over us.

 

Three of our stockholders beneficially own or control approximately 40.4% of our outstanding shares. If these stockholders were to act as a group, they would have a controlling influence in determining the outcome of any corporate transaction or other matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, including mergers, consolidations and the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, election of directors, and other significant corporate actions. Such stockholders may also have the power to prevent or cause a change in control. In addition, without the consent of these three stockholders, we could be prevented from entering into transactions that could be beneficial to us. The interests of these three stockholders may differ from the interests of our other stockholders.

 

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Compliance with changing regulation of corporate governance and public disclosure will result in additional expenses.

 

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related SEC regulations, have created uncertainty for public companies and significantly increased the costs and risks associated with accessing the public markets and public reporting. Our management team has to invest significant management time and financial resources to comply with both existing and evolving standards for public companies, which will lead to increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from revenue generating activities to compliance activities.

 

If we fail to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, the price of our common stock may be adversely affected.

 

We are required to establish and maintain appropriate internal controls over financial reporting. Failure to establish those controls, or any failure of those controls once established, could adversely impact our public disclosures regarding our business, financial condition or results of operations. Any failure of these controls could also prevent us from maintaining accurate accounting records and discovering accounting errors and financial frauds. Rules adopted by the SEC pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 require annual assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. The standards that must be met for management to assess the internal control over financial reporting as effective are complex, and require significant documentation, testing and possible remediation to meet the detailed standards. We may encounter problems or delays in completing activities necessary to make an assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. In addition, the attestation process by our independent registered public accountants is new and we may encounter problems or delays in completing the implementation of any requested improvements and receiving an attestation of our assessment by our independent registered public accountants. If we cannot assess our internal control over financial reporting as effective, or our independent registered public accountants are unable to provide an unqualified attestation report on such assessment, investor confidence and share value may be negatively impacted.

 

In addition, management’s assessment of internal controls over financial reporting may identify weaknesses and conditions that need to be addressed in our internal controls over financial reporting or other matters that may raise concerns for investors. Any actual or perceived weaknesses and conditions that need to be addressed in our internal control over financial reporting, disclosure of management’s assessment of our internal controls over financial reporting, or disclosure of our public accounting firm’s attestation to or report on management’s assessment of our internal controls over financial reporting may have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.

 

We have adopted the Highpower International, Inc. 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) under which we may grant securities to compensate employees and other services providers, which could result in increased share-based compensation expenses and, therefore, reduce net income.

 

Under current accounting rules, we would be required to recognize share-based compensation as compensation expense in our statement of operations, based on the fair value of equity awards on the date of the grant, and recognize the compensation expense over the period in which the recipient is required to provide service in exchange for the equity award. We made grants of equity awards in 2014 and 2015, and accordingly our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2015 contain share-based compensation charges. If we grant equity compensation to attract and retain key personnel, the expenses associated with share-based compensation may adversely affect our net income. However, if we do not grant equity compensation, we may not be able to attract and retain key personnel or be forced to expend cash or other compensation instead. Furthermore, the issuance of equity awards would dilute the stockholders’ ownership interests in our company.

 

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Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law may have anti-takeover effects that could discourage, delay or prevent a change in control, which may cause our stock price to decline.

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if closing such a transaction would be beneficial to our stockholders. We are authorized to issue up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock. This preferred stock may be issued in one or more series, the terms of which may be determined at the time of issuance by our board of directors without further action by stockholders. The terms of any series of preferred stock may include voting rights (including the right to vote as a series on particular matters), preferences as to dividend, liquidation, conversion and redemption rights and sinking fund provisions. No preferred stock is currently outstanding. The issuance of any preferred stock could materially adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common stock, and therefore, reduce the value of our common stock. In particular, specific rights granted to future holders of preferred stock could be used to restrict our ability to merge with, or sell our assets to, a third party and thereby preserve control by the present management.

 

Provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law also could have the effect of discouraging potential acquisition proposals or making a tender offer or delaying or preventing a change in control, including changes a stockholder might consider favorable. Such provisions may also prevent or frustrate attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our management. In particular, the certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law, as applicable, among other things:

 

  ¨ provide the board of directors with the ability to alter the bylaws without stockholder approval;

 

  ¨ place limitations on the removal of directors; and

 

  ¨ provide that vacancies on the board of directors may be filled by a majority of directors in office, although less than a quorum.

 

We are also subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law which, subject to certain exceptions, prohibits “business combinations” between a publicly-held Delaware corporation and an “interested stockholder,” which is generally defined as a stockholder who becomes a beneficial owner of 15% or more of a Delaware corporation’s voting stock for a three-year period following the date that such stockholder became an interested stockholder.

 

We do not foresee paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future and, as a result, our investors’ sole source of gain, if any, will depend on capital appreciation, if any.

 

We do not plan to declare or pay any cash dividends on our shares of common stock in the foreseeable future and currently intend to retain any future earnings for funding growth. As a result, Investors should not rely on an investment in our securities if they require the investment to produce dividend income. Capital appreciation, if any, of our shares may be investors’ sole source of gain for the foreseeable future. Moreover, investors may not be able to resell their shares in our company at or above the price they paid for them.

 

ITEM 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

Not applicable to smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

HKHTC’s registered office is located in Hong Kong at Unit 12, 15/F, Technology Park, 18 On Lai Street, ShekMun, Shatin, N.T. Hong Kong.

 

The Company currently has five active manufacturing operations located in mainland China at 68 Xinxia Street, Pinghu, Longgang, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518111,China; Building A, Chaoshun Industrial Zone, Renming Road, Danhu Community, GuangLan Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518111, China; and Guanlan Hi-tech Park, South Road around Guanlan, Guanglan Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518111, China. Our active facilities cover approximately 55,680 square meters in Shenzhen and 126,605 square meters facility in Huizhou to which machinery is currently being deployed), and consist of manufacturing plants, dormitories and research and development facilities. We lease manufacturing facilities from various landlords under a total of thirteen leases with varying terms ranging, which are renewed upon expiration. All leases have been fully prepaid until the expiration date, and we will renew all the leases before the expiration date, except the plant located in Guanlan Hi-tech Park, South Road around Guanlan, Guanglan Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518111, China. The table below lists the locations, approximate square meters, principal use and lease expiration dates of the facilities used in our manufacturing operations as of December 31, 2015.

 

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Location 

Area

(square meters)

  Principal Use 

Lease 

expiration date

          
Building A1, 68 Xinxia Street, Pinghu, Longgang District, Shenzhen, Guangdong   3,300   Industry & Residence  December 31, 2016
            
Building A2, Luo Shan Industrial Zone, Shanxia Community, Pinghu Street, Longgang District, Shenzhen, Guangdong   4,922   Industry & Residence  December 31, 2016
            
Building A1&A2&A3&A4&A7, Luo Shan Industrial Zone, Shanxia Community, Pinghu Street, Longgang District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
   12,608   Staff Dormitory  December 31, 2016
            
Building A3&A4&A7, Luo Shan Industrial Zone, Shanxia Community, Pinghu Street, Longgang District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
   14,702   Industry  December 31, 2016
            
Building A, Chaoshun Industrial Zone, Renming Road, Danhu Community, Guanglan Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
   9,460   Industry  September 15, 2017
            
Building A,Chaoshun Industrial Zone, Renming Road, Danhu Community, Guanglan Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
   4,140   Staff Dormitory  September 15, 2017
            
Guanlan Hi-tech Park, South Road around Guanlan, Guanglan Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong
   6,548   Industry & Dormitory  June 30, 2016

 

In China, only the PRC government and peasant collectives may own land. In February 2007, the Company acquired approximately 126,605 square meters of land equity in Industry Development Zone, New Lake, Maan Town, Huicheng District, Huizhou, Guangdong, China for a total of RMB21 million ($3,301,923) under land use right grant from the Huizhou State-Owned Land Resource Bureau that gave us the right to use the land for 50 years and an agreement with the government of Maan Town. In the event we wish to continue to use the land after the 50-year period, we must apply for an extension at least one year prior to the land grant’s expiration.

 

Our rights with respect to the land use right grant permit us to develop the land and construct buildings for industrial applications. We have the right to transfer or rent the land and use it as collateral for our loans.

 

In February 2012, we acquired 58,669 square meters of land equity in Ganzhou, Jiangxi province, China for a total of RMB8,377,067 ($1,288,146) under land use right grant from the Ganzhou Land and Resource Bureau that gives us the right to use the land for 50 years. Our rights with respect to the land use right grant permit us to develop the land and construct buildings for industrial applications. We have the right to transfer or rent the land and use it as collateral for our loans. In 2014, we completed construction of our materials recycling factory in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, PRC. 

 

Our Ni-MH manufacturing capacity is approximately 15 million units per month. Our run rate is approximately 13 million units per month. Our lithium battery production is almost at 100% capacity now at our Springpower facility and HZ HTC facility, with manufacturing capacity of approximately 6.0 million units per month. We are also planning for moderate manufacturing capacity growth of approximately 30-40% for the lithium battery segment in the next 12 months at Huizhou facility. The source of funding for such expansion will be our operational cash and bank credit facilities, as we still have unused credit totaling approximately $35.0 million.

 

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ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

On January 14, 2016, FirsTrust China, Ltd (“FirsTrust”) filed an amended complaint in the Delaware Chancery Court (amending its initial complaint filed February 25, 2015) naming Highpower as the defendant asserting a cause of action for breach of contract and conversion of stock, and seeking damages in the form of issuance of 150,000 shares or the value of such shares, plus interest thereon, attorneys’ fees and costs and expenses. On February 4, 2016, Highpower filed an answer, affirmative defenses and counterclaim against FirsTrust asserting claims for equitable rescission, declaratory relief and breach of contract, and seeking rescission of the contract, return of the 200,000 warrants and 150,000 shares of Highpower stock previously issued to FirsTrust, plus interest, attorneys’ fees and costs and expenses. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses to this claim and intends to defend the claim vigorously.

 

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON STOCK, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Market under the stock symbol “HPJ”.

 

The following table summarizes the highest and lowest sales prices of our common stock during the quarters listed below as reported by the NASDAQ:

 

   Highest  Lowest
Year ended December 31, 2015          
First Quarter  $6.49   $3.68 
Second Quarter  $5.00   $3.78 
Third Quarter  $3.88   $2.01 
Fourth Quarter  $3.64   $2.11 
           
Year ended December 31, 2014          
First Quarter  $6.06   $2.46 
Second Quarter  $6.86   $3.15 
Third Quarter  $7.94   $4.38 
Fourth Quarter  $7.43   $4.54 

 

The stock market in general has experienced extreme stock price fluctuations in the past few years. In some cases, these fluctuations have been unrelated to the operating performance of the affected companies. Many companies have experienced dramatic volatility in the market prices of their common stock. We believe that a number of factors, both within and outside our control, could cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate, perhaps substantially. Factors such as the following could have a significant adverse impact on the market price of our common stock:

 

  ¨ Our financial position and results of operations;

 

  ¨ Our ability to obtain additional financing and, if available, the terms and conditions of the financing;

 

  ¨ Concern as to, or other evidence of, the reliability and efficiency of our proposed products or our competitors’ products;

 

  ¨ Announcements of innovations or new products by us or our competitors;

 

  ¨ Federal and state governmental regulatory actions and the impact of such requirements on our business;

 

  ¨ The development of litigation against us;

 

  ¨ Period-to-period fluctuations in our operating results;

 

  ¨ Changes in estimates of our performance by any securities analysts;

 

  ¨ The issuance of new equity securities pursuant to a future offering or acquisition;

 

  ¨ Changes in interest rates;

  

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  ¨ Competitive developments, including announcements by competitors of new products or significant contracts, acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments;

 

  ¨ Investor perceptions of our company; and

 

  ¨ General economic and other national conditions.

 

Stockholders

 

As of March 29, 2016, we had 21 stockholders of record. This number does not include an indeterminate number of stockholders whose shares are held by brokers in street name.

 

Dividends

 

We do not expect to declare or pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future, and we currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance the expansion of our business. The decision whether to pay cash dividends on our common stock will be made by our board of directors, at its discretion, and will depend on our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements and other factors that the board of directors considers significant.

 

We did not pay cash dividends in the years ended December 31, 2015 or 2014.

 

Transfer Agent

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

Our equity compensation plan information is provided as set forth in Part III, Item 11 herein.

 

Additional Information

 

Copies of our annual reports, quarterly reports, current reports, and any amendments to those reports, are available free of charge on the Internet at www.sec.gov. All statements made in any of our filings, including all forward-looking statements, are made as of the date of the document, in which the statement is included, and we do not assume or undertake any obligation to update any of those statements or documents unless we are required to do so by law.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not applicable for a smaller reporting company.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report. This report contains forward-looking statements. The words “anticipated,” “believe,” “expect, “plan,” “intend,” “seek,” “estimate,” “project,” “could,” “may,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements include, among others, information regarding future operations, future capital expenditures, and future net cash flows. Such statements reflect our management’s current views with respect to future events and financial performance and involve risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, general economic and business conditions, changes in foreign, political, social, and economic conditions, regulatory initiatives and compliance with governmental regulations, the ability to achieve further market penetration and additional customers, and various other matters, many of which are beyond our control. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, which are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions described in the “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this report. Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements made in this report are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance of the actual results or developments.

 

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Overview

 

Highpower International was incorporated in the state of Delaware on January 3, 2006, and originally organized as a “blank check” shell company to investigate and acquire a target company or business seeking the perceived advantages of being a publicly held corporation. On November 2, 2007, we closed a share exchange transaction, pursuant to which we (i) became the 100% parent of HKHTC and its wholly-owned subsidiary, SZ Highpower, (ii) assumed the operations of HKHTC and its subsidiary and (iii) changed our name to Hong Kong Highpower Technology, Inc. We subsequently changed our name to Highpower International, Inc. in October 2010.

 

HKHTC was incorporated in Hong Kong in 2003 under the Companies Ordinance of Hong Kong. HKHTC formed HZ Highpower and SZ Springpower in 2008. On October 8, 2013, SZ Springpower further increased its registered capital to $15,000,000. SZ Highpower holds 69.97% of the equity interest of SZ Springpower, and HKHTC holds the remaining 30.03%. In February 2011, HKHTC formed another wholly-owned subsidiary, Icon Energy System Company Limited, a company organized under the laws of the PRC, which commenced operations in July 2011.

 

SZ Highpower was founded in 2001 in the PRC. SZ Highpower formed GZ Highpower in September 2010. On November 13, 2014, GZ Highpower increased its paid-in capital from RMB30,000,000 ($4,898,119) to RMB40,000,000 ($6,437,473) by SZ Highpower. SZ Highpower holds 70% of the equity interest of GZ Highpower, and the four founding management members of GZ Highpower hold the remaining 30%. SZ Highpower formed HZ HTC in March 2012, which engages in the manufacture of batteries.

 

On November 27, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors received a non-binding investment proposal letter from Anshan Co-Operation (Group) Co., Ltd. ("Anshan Co-Operation"), joined with Mr. DANG YU Pan, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, and certain management of Highpower International, and China Innovative Capital Management Ltd. Anshan Co-Operation (Group) Co., Ltd. ("Anshan Co-Operation"), proposing to purchase newly issued shares of Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd., Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. and Icon Energy System (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., the three subsidiaries in the PRC wholly-owned by the Company with not less than RMB650 million, or approximately US$101.7 million (based on an exchange rate of $6.39 as of November 26, 2015) based on the valuation of RMB280 million, or approximately US$43.8 million (based on an exchange rate of $6.39 as of November 26, 2015) for the three subsidiaries, in exchange for more than 50% of the equity of each of the three subsidiaries and become the controlling shareholder of each of the subsidiaries after the subscription. The Company's Board of Directors has formed a special committee consisting of the following independent directors to consider the proposal: Ping Li, who will serve as chairman, Xinhai Li and T. Joseph Fisher, III. The special committee has retained independent legal and financial advisors to assist it in the process.

 

Through SZ Highpower, we manufacture Ni-MH batteries for both consumer and industrial applications. We have developed significant expertise in Ni-MH battery technology and large-scale manufacturing that enables us to improve the quality of our battery products, reduce costs, and keep pace with evolving industry standards. In 2008, we commenced manufacturing two lines of Lithium-Ion (“lithium”) and Lithium polymer rechargeable batteries through SZ Springpower for higher-end, high-performance applications, such as laptops, digital cameras and wireless communication products. Our automated machinery allows us to process key aspects of the manufacturing process to ensure high uniformity and precision, while leaving the non-key aspects of the manufacturing process to manual labor.

 

We employ a broad network of salespersons in China Mainland and Hong Kong, which target key customers by arranging in-person sales presentations and providing post-sale services. The sales staff works with our customers to better address customers’ needs.

 

Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates and Assumptions

 

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) defines critical accounting policies as those that are, in management's view, most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and those that require significant judgments and estimates.

 

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The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements. We base our estimates on historical experience, actuarial valuations and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Some of those judgments can be subjective and complex and, consequently, actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. While for any given estimate or assumption made by our management there may be other estimates or assumptions that are reasonable, we believe that, given the current facts and circumstances, it is unlikely that applying any such other reasonable estimate or assumption would materially impact the financial statements. The accounting principles we utilized in preparing our consolidated financial statements conform in all material respects to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP).

 

Use of Estimates. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, revenues; the allowance for doubtful receivables; recoverability of the carrying amount of inventory; fair values of financial instruments; and the assessment of deferred tax assets or liabilities. These estimates are often based on complex judgments and assumptions that management believes to be reasonable but are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Accounts Receivable. Accounts receivable are stated at original amount less an allowance made for doubtful receivables, if any, based on a review of all outstanding amounts at the period end. An allowance is also made when there is objective evidence that the Company will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of receivables. Bad debts are written off when identified. The Company extends unsecured credit to customers in the normal course of business and believes all accounts receivable in excess of the allowances for doubtful receivables to be fully collectible. The Company does not accrue interest on trade accounts receivable.

 

Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable, delivery of the product has occurred, title and risk of loss have transferred to the customers and collectability of the receivable is reasonably assured. The majority of domestic sales contracts transfer title and risk of loss to customers upon receipt. The majority of oversea sales contracts transfer title and risk of loss to customers when goods were delivered to the carriers. Revenue is presented net of any sales tax and value added tax.

 

The Company does not have arrangements for returns from customers and does not have any future obligations directly or indirectly related to product resale by customers. The Company has no sales incentive programs.

 

Inventories. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value. Costs are determined on a weighted-average method. Inventory includes raw materials, packing materials, work-in-progress, consumables and finished goods. The variable production overhead is allocated to each unit of production on the basis of the actual use of the production facilities. The allocation of fixed production overhead to the costs of conversion is based on the normal capacity of the production facilities.

 

Income Taxes. The Company recognizes deferred assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions. Highpower International’s functional currency is the United States dollar ("US$"). HKHTC's functional currency is the Hong Kong dollar ("HK$"). The functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries in the PRC is the Renminbi (“RMB”).

 

At the date a foreign currency transaction is recognized, each asset, liability, revenue, expense, gain, or loss arising from the transaction is measured initially in the functional currency of the recording entity by use of the exchange rate in effect at that date. The increase or decrease in expected functional currency cash flows upon settlement of a transaction resulting from a change in exchange rates between the functional currency and the currency in which the transaction is denominated is recognized as foreign currency transaction gain or loss that is included in determining net income for the period in which the exchange rate changes. At each balance sheet date, recorded balances that are denominated in a foreign currency are adjusted to reflect the current exchange rate.

 

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The Company’s reporting currency is the US$. Assets and liabilities of HKHTC and the PRC subsidiaries are translated at the current exchange rate at the balance sheet dates, revenues and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates during the reporting periods, and equity accounts are translated at historical rates. Translation adjustments are reported in other comprehensive income.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth the consolidated statements of operations of the Company for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, both in dollars and as a percentage of net sales.

 

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Consolidated Statements of Operations  Year Ended December 31,
   2015     2014   
   (in thousands except share and per share information)
             
Net Sales   146,181    100.0%   147,088    100.0%
                     
Cost of Sales   (118,235)   (80.9)%   (116,937)   (79.5)%
                     
Gross profit   27,946    19.1%   30,151    20.5%
                     
Research and development expenses   (7,631)   (5.2)%   (7,710)   (5.2)%
                     
Selling and distribution expenses   (6,729)   (4.6)%   (6,552)   (4.5)%
                     
General and administrative expenses including share-based compensation   (12,895)   (8.8)%   (12,893)   (8.8)%
                     
Gain on exchange rate difference   2,474    1.7%   274    0.2%
                     
Loss on derivative instruments   -   0.0%   (54)   (0.0)%*
                     
Income from operations   3,165    2.2%   3,216    2.2%
                     
Gain on fair value of warrant liability   927    0.6%   106    0.1%
                     
Other income   1,189    0.8%   1,707    1.2%
                     
Interest expenses   (1,002)   (0.7)%   (1,838)   (1.2)%
                     
Income before tax   4,279    2.9%   3,191    2.2%
                     
Income tax expense   (819)   -0.6%   (590)   (0.4)%
                     
Net income   3,460    2.4%   2,601    1.8%
                     
Less: loss attributable to non-controlling interest   (394)   (0.3)%   (152)   (0.1)%
Net income attributable to the company   3,854    2.6%   2,753    1.9%
                     
Income per common share                    
- Basic   0.26         0.19      
- Diluted   0.25         0.18      
                     
Weighted average common shares outstanding                    
- Basic   15,096,166         14,739,073      
- Diluted   15,286,196         15,154,239      
Dividends declared per common share   -         -      

 

 *Less than 0.1%                                

 

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Years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

 

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2015 were $146.2 million compared to $147.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, a decrease of $0.9 million, or 0.6% The decrease was due to a $10.2 million increase in net sales of our lithium batteries (resulting from a 16.6% increase in the volume of batteries per ampere hour sold which was partly offset a 1.4% decrease in the average selling price of such batteries), a $10.4 million decrease in net sales of our Ni-MH batteries (resulting from a 2.9% decrease in the number of Ni-MH battery units sold and a 11.3% decrease in the average selling price of such batteries) and a $0.7 million decrease in revenue from our new material business. The increase in the number of lithium batteries units sold in 2015 was primarily attributable to the growth in global demand for mobile and portable products, and electrical vehicles.

 

Cost of sales mainly consists of nickel, cobalt, lithium derived materials, labor, and overhead. Cost of sales were $118.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to $116.9 million for the comparable period in 2014. As a percentage of net sales, cost of sales increased to 80.9% for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to 79.5% for the comparable period in 2014. The increase was attributable to the increasing labor cost and material cost.

 

Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $27.9 million, or 19.1% of net sales, compared to $30.2 million, or 20.5% of net sales, respectively, for the comparable period in 2014. Management considers gross profit to be a key performance indicator in managing our business. Gross profit margins are usually a factor of cost of sales, product mix and demand for products. This decrease was attributable to decrease in the average selling price of both Ni-MH batteries and lithium batteries, and the increase in labor cost and material cost.

 

To cope with pressure on our gross margins we control production costs by preparing budgets for each department and comparing actual costs with our budgeted figures monthly and quarterly. Additionally, we have reorganized the Company’s production structure and have focused more attention on employee training to enhance efficiency. We also intend to expand our market share by investing in greater promotion of our products in regions such as the U.S., Russia, Europe and India, and by expanding our sales team with more experienced sales personnel. We have also begun production capacity expansion for our lithium batteries business as to take advantage of the strong demand globally.

 

Research and development expenses were $7.6 million, or 5.2% of net sales, for the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to $7.7 million, or 5.2% of net sales, for the comparable period in 2014.

 

Selling and distribution expenses were $6.7 million, or 4.6% of net sales, for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to $6.6 million, or 4.5% of net sales, for the comparable period in 2014, an increase of 2.7%. Selling and distribution expenses increased due to the expansion of our increased in net sales of our lithium batteries and marketing activities, including participation in industry trade shows and international travels to promote and sell our products abroad.

 

General and administrative expenses were $12.9 million, or 8.8% of net sales, for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to $12.9 million, or 8.8% of net sales, for the comparable period in 2014.

 

We experienced a gain of $2.5 million and $273,900 on the exchange rate difference between the U.S. Dollar and the RMB in the years ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The gain in exchange rate difference was due to the depreciation of the RMB relative to the U.S. Dollar over the respective periods.

 

We experienced no loss on derivative instruments in the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to a loss on derivative instruments of approximately $54,406 in 2014, which included a gain of $8,395 on settled currency forwards, and a loss of $62,801 on fair value change of unsettled currency forwards.

 

Interest expense was $1.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to $1.8 million for the respective comparable period in 2014. The change was $0.8 million due to a decrease in bank borrowings.

 

Other income, which consists of bank interest income, government grants and sundry income, was $1.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to $1.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, a decrease of $518,192.

 

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Gain on fair value change of warrant liabilities was $927,125 for the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to $106,278 for the year ended December 31, 2014. It represented the fair value change of 500,001 shares of warrants issued on April 17, 2014.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we recorded a provision for income tax expense of $818,736 as compared to $590,318 for the comparable period in 2014.

 

Net income attributable to the Company (excluding net loss attributable to non-controlling interest) for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $3.9 million compared to net income attributable to the Company (excluding net loss attributable to non-controlling interest) of $2.8 million for the comparable period in 2014.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We had cash of approximately $5.8 million as of December 31, 2015, as compared to $14.6 million as of December 31, 2014. Our funds are kept in financial institutions located in the PRC, which do not provide insurance for amounts on deposit. Moreover, we are subject to the regulations of the PRC which restrict the transfer of cash from the PRC, except under certain specific circumstances. Accordingly, such funds may not be readily available to us to satisfy obligations which have been incurred outside the PRC.

 

To provide liquidity and flexibility in funding our operations, we borrowed amounts under bank facilities and other external sources of financing. As of December 31, 2015, we had in place general banking facilities with seven financial institutions aggregating $75.0 million. The maturity of these facilities is generally within one year. The facilities are subject to annual review and approval. Certain of these banking facilities are guaranteed by our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Dang Yu Pan, and contain customary affirmative and negative covenants for secured credit facilities of this type. However, these covenants do not have any impact on our ability to undertake additional debt or equity financing. Interest rates are generally based on the banks’ reference lending rates. No significant commitment fees are required to be paid for the banking facilities. As of December 31, 2015, we had utilized approximately $40.0 million under such general credit facilities and had available unused credit facilities of $35.0 million. The Company’s debt asset ratio reached 68.1% as of December 31, 2015, which decreased by 4.7% as compared to a debt asset ratio of 71.4% as of December 31, 2014.

 

The management of the Company has taken and will take a number of actions and will continue to address our high debt level in order to restore the Company to a sound financial structure with an appropriate business strategy going forward. These actions can include marketing more higher-margin lithium battery products and systems; controlling cost in operating expenses by improving management efficiency; and stock sales to strategic investors.

 

We believe that our existing balances of cash and amounts expected to be provided by operating activities and stock sales will provide us with sufficient financial resources to meet our cash requirements for operations, working capital, and capital expenditures for the next twelve months.

 

However, in the event of unforeseen circumstances, unfavorable market developments or unfavorable results from operations, there can be no assurance that the above actions could be successfully implemented as expected, and cash flows may be adversely affected.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2015, net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $346,196, as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $15.1 million for the comparable period in 2014. The net cash decrease of $14.7 million used in operating activities is primarily attributable to, among other items, an increase of $9.0 million in cash outflow from accounts payable, and an increase of $4.0 million in cash outflow from prepayment.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $11.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to $8.9 million for the comparable period in 2014, mainly for the payment for acquisition of plant and equipment.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to net cash used in financing activities of $335,310 for the comparable period in 2014. The net increase of $4.8 million cash provided by financing activities was primarily attributable to a decrease of $27.7 million by repayment of short term bank loans, which was partly offset by an increase of $13.6 million in repayment of notes payable, an increase of $11.3 million by proceeds from notes payable.

 

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For fiscal year 2015 and 2014, our inventory turnover was 5.7 and 5.6 times, respectively. The average days outstanding of our accounts receivable at December 31, 2015 was 84 days, as compared to 81 days at December 31, 2014. Inventory turnover and average days outstanding of accounts receivables are key operating measures that management relies on to monitor our business. 

 

We are required to contribute a portion of our employees’ total salaries to the Chinese government’s social insurance funds, including retirement pension, medical insurance, unemployment insurance and job injuries insurance, maternity insurance, and a housing assistance fund, in accordance with relevant regulations. We expect these contributions will contribute to administrative and other operating expenses in an amount of approximately $155,740 per month based on the size of our current workforce. We expect the amount of our contribution to the government’s social insurance funds to increase in the future as we expand our workforce and operations.

 

Based upon our present plans, we believe that cash on hand, cash flows from operations and funds available under our bank facilities will be sufficient to fund our capital needs for the next 12 months. However, our ability to maintain sufficient liquidity depends partially on our ability to achieve anticipated levels of revenue, while continuing to control costs. If we did not have sufficient available cash, we would have to seek additional debt or equity financing through other external sources, which may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Failure to maintain financing arrangements on acceptable terms would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The use of working capital is primarily for the maintenance of our accounts receivable and inventory. We provide our major customers with payment terms ranging from 30 to 90 days. Additionally, our production lead time is approximately 30 to 40 days, from the inspection of incoming materials, to production, testing and packaging. We need to keep a large supply of raw materials and work in process and finished goods inventory on hand to ensure timely delivery of our products to our customers. We use two methods to support our working capital needs: (i) paying our suppliers under payment terms ranging from 60 to 120 days; and (ii) using short-term bank loans. We use accounts receivable as collateral for our loans. Upon receiving payment for accounts receivable, we pay our short-term loans. Our working capital management practices are designed to ensure that we maintain sufficient working capital.

 

Guarantees of Bank Loans

 

Mr. Dang Yu Pan, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and his wife, Ms. Zhou Tao Yin, have provided personal guarantees under certain of our outstanding banking facilities. The following table shows the amount outstanding on each of our bank loans as of December 31, 2015 and the guarantors of each loan:

 

Name of Bank  Amount
Granted
  Unused line of
credit
  Maturity date  Guaranteed by
Bank of China  $13,762,455   $4,707,595   9/13/2016  Dang Yu Pan
Bank of China  $11,203,276   $155,498   6/30/2016  Dang Yu Pan
Ping An Bank Co., Ltd  $10,763,931   $3,878,818   12/9/2016  Dang Yu Pan
China Minsheng Banking Corp., LTD.  $4,393,441   $1,916,253   7/16/2016  Dang Yu Pan
Industrial Bank CO., LTD.  $9,226,227   $7,079,785   7/15/2016  Dang Yu Pan
China Everbright Bank  $7,688,523   $3,647,289   6/22/2016  Dang Yu Pan
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China  $7,688,523   $4,613,113   10/1/2016  Dang Yu Pan
Jiang Su Bank Co., Ltd  $2,306,557   $995,703   11/3/2016  Dang Yu Pan, Zhou Tao Yin
The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited  $8,000,000   $8,000,000   9/1/2016  Dang Yu Pan
Total:  $75,032,933   $34,994,054   7/15/2016   

 

We did not and do not intend to pay any compensation to the guarantor for the guarantees.

 

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Inflation and Seasonality

 

Inflation has not had a significant impact on our operations during the last two fiscal years. However, the volatile nickel prices affect our cost of sales constantly. In times of economic downturn, nickel prices tend to decline, and our gross margin tends to be higher than the periods when of economy growth, which usually brings higher metal prices. The price of nickel was volatile during 2014 and 2015 and could be volatile again. The price of nickel rose 14.0% from January 2014 to December 2014, and the price of nickel decreased 41% from January 2015 to December 2015.

 

The first quarter of each fiscal year tends to be our slow season due to the Chinese New Year holidays. Our factories and operations usually shut down for 2 weeks during this time, resulting in lower sales during the first quarter.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet debt, nor do we have any transactions, arrangements or relationships with any special purpose entities.

 

ITEM 7A.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Credit Risk

 

We are exposed to credit risk from our cash at bank, fixed deposits and contract receivables. The credit risk on cash at bank and fixed deposits is limited because the counterparts are recognized financial institutions. Contract receivables are subject to credit evaluations. We periodically record a provision for doubtful collections based on an evaluation of the collectability of contract receivables by assessing, among other factors, the customer’s willingness or ability to pay, repayment history, general economic conditions and our ongoing relationship with the customers.

 

 Foreign Currency and Exchange Risk  

 

Though the reporting currency is the US$, the Company maintains its financial records in the functional currency of Renminbi (“RMB”). Substantially all of our operations are conducted in the PRC and we pay the majority of expenses in RMB. Approximately 50% of our sales are made in U.S. Dollars. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the exchange rate of the RMB to the U.S. Dollar depreciated approximately 6.2% from the level at the end of December 31, 2014. Future appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. Dollar would increase our costs when translated into U.S. Dollars and could adversely affect our margins unless we make sufficient offsetting sales. Conversion of RMB into foreign currencies is regulated by the People’s Bank of China through a unified floating exchange rate system. Although the PRC government has stated its intention to support the value of the RMB, there can be no assurance that such exchange rate will not continue to appreciate significantly against the U.S. Dollar. Exchange rate fluctuations may also affect the value, in U.S. Dollar terms, of our net assets. In addition, the RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. Due to the volatility of the US Dollar to our functional currency the Company put into place a hedging program to attempt to protect it from significant changes to the US Dollar which affects the value of its US dollar receivables and sales.

 

Country Risk

 

The substantial portion of our business, assets and operations are located and conducted in Hong Kong and China Mainland. While these economies have experienced significant growth in the past twenty years, growth has been uneven, both geographically and among various sectors of the economy. The Chinese government has implemented various measures to encourage economic growth and guide the allocation of resources. Some of these measures benefit the overall economy of Hong Kong and China Mainland, but may also have a negative effect on Highpower International. For example, Highpower International’s operating results and financial condition may be adversely affected by government control over capital investments or changes in tax regulations applicable to Highpower International. If there are any changes in any policies by the Chinese government and Highpower International’s business is negatively affected as a result, then Highpower International’s financial results, including our ability to generate revenues and profits, will also be negatively affected.

 

ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The information required by this Item 8 is incorporated in this Form 10-K.

 

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ITEM 9.  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are internal controls and other internal audit procedures that are designed and adopted by management to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Security Exchange Act 1934 is properly recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and regulations. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, internal controls and internal audit procedures designed to ensure that all necessary information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that we file or submit under the Security Exchange Act 1934 is properly recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act). Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

 

(b) Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f), is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive and principal financial officers and effected by our Board of Directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that:

 

  · Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;

 

  · Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and

 

  · Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use of disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Tread way Commission (COSO) in the 2013 Internal Control-Integrated Framework. Based on this assessment, management believes that as of December 31, 2015, our internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.

 

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ITEM 9B.  OTHER INFORMATION

 

Working Capital Loan Contract Between SZ Highpower and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd, Shenzhen Henggang Branch

 

On December 24, 2015, SZ Highpower entered into a working capital loan contract with Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd, Shenzhen Henggang Branch providing for an aggregate loan of RMB20,000,000 (US$3,075,409) to be used by SZ Highpower for production and operations. SZ Highpower may withdraw the loan from time to time as needed before December 24, 2016. The term of the loan is 12 months from the first withdrawal date. The interest rate is floating and will equal the one year benchmark lending rate promulgated by the People’s Bank of China. The loan is guaranteed by SZ Springpower, HKHTC and our Chief Executive Officer, Dang Yu Pan.

 

The following constitute events of default under the loan contract: SZ Highpower’s failure to timely repay the principal, interest and other payables under the contract; SZ Highpower’s failure to perform any obligations under the contract; the inaccuracy of any representations and warranties of SZ Highpower contained in the contract; any changes in guarantees provided in the loan that adversely affect the bank’s ability to collect from the guarantors and SZ Highpower is unable to provide alternate guarantors acceptable to the bank; SZ Highpower’s failure to pay off any of its other due debts or comply with its other obligations in the contract which may affect SZ Highpower’s performance of its obligations under the contract; a deterioration in the financial performance, profitability, debt repayment ability, operating capacity or cash flow of SZ Highpower, that may affect its ability to comply with the obligations under the contract; a change in SZ Highpower’s ownership structure or operations that are likely to affect its ability to comply with its obligations under the contract; SZ Highpower’s involvement or potential involvement in significant economic disputes, litigation, arbitration or asset seizure or confiscation, or its involvement in other judicial proceedings or administrative punishment proceedings that affect or may affect its capacity to perform its obligations under the affiliated specific credit line contract; an change in any major individual investor or key management member of SZ Highpower or such a person or entity’s becoming subject to investigation or restriction by the judiciary, which have or may affect SZ Highpower’s performance of its obligations; SZ Highpower’s use of false contracts with related parties to obtain bank funds or credit or to evade bank debt; SZ Highpower’s bankruptcy, dissolution, liquidation, reorganization or cessation of business operations, or revocation, cancellation or voiding of its business permit; SZ Highpower’s breach of food safety, production safety, environmental protection and other environmental and social risk management related laws and regulations, regulatory requirements or industry standards, that are likely to affect its ability to comply with its obligations under the contract; SZ Highpower’s credit rating, profitability, asset-liability ratio, net cash flow of operations or other indicators do not meet the credit conditions of the bank; SZ Highpower, without the bank’s written contract, pledges, guarantees or provides assurance guarantees to other parties, which is likely to affect its ability to comply with its obligations under the contract; or any other adverse situation which may affect the bank’s ability to collect on the loan.

 

Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the bank may: request SZ Highpower rectify the event of default within a specified time period; cancel or terminate SZ Highpower’s the unused portion of the credit line and other financing arrangements in whole or in part; declare all amounts outstanding under the contract immediately due and payable; require SZ Highpower to compensate the bank for losses it incurs as a result of the event of default; or other measures permitted under applicable law or other necessary measures.

 

Credit Contract Between SZ Highpower and Ping An Bank Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch

 

On December 10, 2015, SZ Highpower entered into a comprehensive credit line contract with Ping An Bank Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch, which provides for a revolving line of credit of up to RMB70,000,000 (US$10,763,932). SZ Highpower may withdraw the loan, from time to time as needed, on or before December 9, 2016. The loan is guaranteed by SZ Springpower and our Chief Executive Officer, Dang Yu Pan.

 

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The following constitute events of default under the loan contracts: SZ Highpower changes the method of payment under the contract; SZ Highpower’s failure to timely repay the principal, interest and other payable under the contract; SZ Highpower’s failure to use the loan proceeds for the prescribed purposes; SZ Highpower’s violation of any statement, warranty and commitment with the bank; SZ Highpower’s violation of any other obligations in the contract; SZ Highpower’s concealment of true important information; SZ Highpower or a guarantor’s avoidance of bank debts on purpose through related party transactions or otherwise; SZ Highpower or a guarantor’s transfer of property or use of assets to avoid debts by way of gratis, unreasonably-low priced transactions or for other improper means; SZ Highpower’s use of false contracts and arrangements sighed with any other third party to get funds or credit from the bank, including but not limited to pledge or discount of the notes receivable and other claims without actual trading background; SZ Highpower or a guarantor’s violation of any other contract (including but not limited to credit contract, loan contract and guarantee contract) with signed with the bank or other banks or issuance of any bonds; The guarantor’s violation of the guarantee contract (including but not limited to guarantee contract, mortgage contract and pledge contract) or occurrence of any breach of the guarantee contract, or the guarantee contract is in vain or cancelled; The guaranty value is obvious reduction, loss, or dispute about the ownership of the guaranty, or the guaranty is sealed up, detained, frozen, deducted, detained or sold by auction; the occurrence of a merger, split, acquisition, reorganization, equity transfer, increase in debt financing or any other major event involving SZ Highpower that the bank believes might affect the safety of the loans; SZ Highpower or a guarantor’s business term has been expired within the credit line period, and SZ Highpower or a guarantor fails to handle the procedures for renewal.

 

Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the bank may: temporarily suspend or permanently terminate SZ Highpower’s credit limit in whole or in part; announce the immediate expiration of all or part of the debts under the contract and request the payment of part or all the principal, interest and expenses immediately; request overdue interest from SZ Highpower caused by the default; request SZ Highpower to keep cash deposit for paying undue acceptance, L/G, L/C or other credit business; request SZ Highpower to provide new guarantee measures accepted by the bank; deduct the sum in SZ Highpower or a guarantor’s account at the bank to discharge all or part of the liabilities of the bank without prior consent by the bank; require the guarantors to undertake the guarantee responsibility; take a legal action to collect the debts, fees and other losses from SZ Highpower by judicial procedure.

 

Credit Contract Between SZ Springpower and Bank of Jiangsu, Shenzhen Sub-branch

 

On November 4, 2015, SZ Springpower entered into comprehensive credit line contracts with the Bank of Jiangsu, Shenzhen Sub-branch, which provides for a revolving line of credit of up to RMB15,000,000 (US$2,306,557). SZ Highpower may withdraw the loan, from time to time as needed, on or before November 3, 2016. The loan is guaranteed by our Chief Executive Officer, Dang Yu Pan, his wife Zhoutao Yin, ICON and SZ Highpower.

 

The following constitute events of default under the loan contracts: an adverse change in the borrower’s business market or a significant monetary policy change in the PRC; the occurrence of significant business difficulties or adverse changes on the financial conditions of the borrower; a termination of business, liquidation, restructuring, dissolution or bankruptcy by or of the borrower; the borrower’s involvement in significant litigation, arbitration or administrative penalties, or its involvement in any other significant default with other creditors; the borrower indicates directly or by its conduct that it will not perform its obligations under the contract or other contracts with the bank; the borrower’s providing of false materials or withholding of important financial or operational facts; the borrower’s failure to perform its obligations under the contract or the affiliated specific credit line contract executed in connection with specific drawdowns; the borrower’s violation of other contracts with the bank; the borrower’s transfer of assets, retrieval of capital, denial of indebtedness or other actions that may adversely affect the bank’s rights; the borrower’s involvement in illegal operations; the borrower’s change in corporate structure, such as a separation, merger, amalgamation, acquisition, reorganization; the borrower’s loss of commercial integrity; a change in the borrower’s controlling shareholder, or the occurrence of a major event to the borrower’s controlling shareholders, actual controllers, legal representative, or senior management staff, including, but not limited to, involvement in or the occurrence of illegal operations, litigation, arbitration, a deteriorated financial situation, bankruptcy or dissolution; the guarantor’s breach of the contract, or guarantee agreement or the occurrence of other situations that may negatively affect the guarantor’s ability to guaranty the loan; or any other circumstance affect or may affect the bank’s ability to collect on the loan.

 

Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the bank may: adjust the maximum amount of the line of credit and/or cancel the comprehensive contract, terminate the unused portion of the credit line.

 

Credit Contract Between HKHTC and HSBC

 

Effective on October 28, 2015, HKHTC approved an Off Letter - Invoice Discounting / Factoring Agreement with The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited (HSBC), providing for funds in use limit of $8,000,000. HSBC will offer to provide HKHTC with debts purchase services, which are subject to review at any time and, in any event by 15 July 2016. The discounting charge is at 2% per annum over 3-months LIBOR which will be charged on a monthly basis. The service is guaranteed by SZ Highpower, SZ Springpower, HZ HTC, and our Chief Executive Officer, Dang Yu Pan.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10.  DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

The following individuals constitute our board of directors and executive management:

 

Name   Age   Position
Dang Yu Pan   48   Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
Wen Liang Li   50   Vice President, Chief Technology Officer and Director
Wen Wei Ma   46   Vice President of Manufacturing
Henry Sun   43   Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary
Wen Jia Xiao   39   Vice President of Quality Control
Xin Hai Li   53   Director
T. Joseph Fisher, III     63   Director
Ping Li   50   Director

 

Dang Yu Pan has been the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive officer of Highpower International and HKHTC since November 2007 and July 2003, respectively. Mr. Pan is the founder of SZ Highpower and has served as the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of SZ Highpower since October 2002. Mr. Pan has served as a director ICON since February 2011; as a director and Chief Executive Officer of SZ Springpower since June 2008; and as a director of HZ HTC since March 2012. From May 2001 to October 2002, Mr. Pan was the General Manager and Chairman of the Board of Guangzhou Haopeng Technology Co., Ltd. From January 1997 to July 2000, Mr. Pan was the Vice General Manager of NanhaiShida Battery Co., Ltd. From January 1995 to December 1996, Mr. Pan served as a director of the Huangpu Aluminum Factory. Additionally, from August 1990 to December 1994, Mr. Pan worked in the sales department of the Guangzhou Aluminum Products Factory. Mr. Pan received a bachelor’s degree in metallurgical engineering from Central South University in China in 1990. We believe Mr. Pan’s qualifications to sit on our Board include his extensive understanding of our business, our products and the battery industry that he has acquired over his 19 years working in the battery industry, including over 10 years as an officer and director of SZ Highpower.

 

Wen Liang Li has been a director of Highpower International since November 2007 and a director of HKHTC since July 2003. Since January 2003, Mr. Li. has served as a director and as Vice General Manager and Chief Technology Officer of SZ Highpower. Mr. Li has served as a director of SZ Springpower since June 2008, as a director of HZ HTC since March 2012 and as a director of Shenzhen Highpower’s70%-owned subsidiary, Ganzhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (“GZ Highpower”), since September 2010. From January 1996 to December 2002, Mr. Li served as Vice General Manager of Zhuhai Taiyi Battery Co., Ltd., a battery manufacturer. Mr. Li received a master’s degree in Electrochemistry from the Harbin Institute of Technology in China in 1991. We believe that Mr. Li’s 25 years of work experience in the battery industry, including 10 years as an officer and director of SZ Highpower, well qualify Mr. Li to serve on our Board.

 

Wen Wei Ma has served as the Company’s Vice President of Manufacturing since November 2007 and as a director of HKHTC since July 2003. Mr. Ma has served as a director and as a Vice General Manager of Manufacturing of SZ Highpower since October 2002. Mr. Ma received a diploma in chemistry analysis from the Guangzhou Trade School of Light Industry in China in 1989.

 

Henry Sun has served as the Chief Financial Officer of the Company since January 2011. Mr. Sun joined the Company in November 2010 as the President’s Assistant. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Sun was the Chief Financial Officer of Zoomlion Concrete Machinery Company from November 2009 to October 2010. From November 2008 to September 2009, Mr. Sun served as the Finance Director of Yasheng Group USA (OTCBB: YHGG). From December 2006 to November 2008, he was the senior finance manager of Cepheid, Inc. (NASDAQ: CPHD). From October 2003 to September 2006, he was a financial consultant at Merrill Lynch. Mr. Sun received a BSEE degree from Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications, and a master degree from the Thunderbird School of Global Management.

 

Wen Jia Xiao has served as Vice President of Quality Control of the Company since November 2007 and as Vice General Manager of Quality Control of SZ Highpower since October 2005. Mr. Xiao has served as a director of SZ Highpower since November 2007. From October 2002 to September 2005, Mr. Xiao served as the Minister of the Quality Control Department of SZ Highpower. Mr. Xiao received a bachelor’s degree in Check Technology and Instrument in 2000 from the China Institute of Metrology.

 

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Xin Hai Li has served as a director of the Company since January 2008. Since August 1990, Mr. Li has served as a director and professor at the China Central South University Metallurgical Science and Engineering School in China. Mr. Li received a PhD in Physical Chemistry of Metallurgy from China Central South University in August 1990. We believe that Mr. Li’s qualifications to sit on our Board include his extensive understanding of our business and his understanding of U.S. GAAP and financial statements.

 

T. Joseph Fisher III has served as a director of the Company since April 2011. He currently is Vice President - Global Commercial Sales for A123 Systems, LLC since July 2014. He previously served as the CEO and President of Valence Technology, Inc. from November 2012 until June 2014, which exited a chapter 11 bankruptcy in November 2013. Prior to joining Valence, Mr. Fisher was the CEO and President of Contour Energy Systems, a spin out from Caltech, specializing in the development and commercialization of customizable battery technologies, from February 2008 to January 2012. He also is President and Founder of JCF International, LLC, an advisory and consulting firm for portable power companies. Mr. Fisher was employed for 32 years at the Energizer battery group, where he had held numerous senior management positions including Vice President - Global Rechargeable Battery Business Unit from April 2001 to May 2007, Vice President and General Manager - Energizer Power Systems, Vice President - Business Development, General Manager - Miniature Batteries, as well as holding several international management assignments in Europe, Argentina and South Africa. He also worked for Xerox, General Electric and Union Carbide earlier in his career. Mr. Fisher received a B.S. in Industrial Management from the University of Cincinnati, and an MBA from the West Virginia College of Graduate Studies, now a part of Marshall University. We believe that Mr. Fisher’s qualifications to sit on our Board include his extensive understanding of our business and over 30 years of experience in the battery industry, as well as his knowledge of U.S. GAAP and financial statements.

 

Ping Li has served as a director of the Company since January 2008. Since November 2008, Mr. Li has served as Director at Intel Capital, focusing on Intel’s investment activities in China. From July 2003 to October 2008, Mr. Li served as the Managing Director of Investment at China Vest, a venture capital firm. From February 2002 to July 2003, Mr. Li served as Chief Financial Officer of Great Wall Technology Co., Ltd., an investment technology company. Mr. Li received a master’s degree in biology from Columbia University in 1989 and an MBA in finance in 1994 from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. We believe that Mr. Li’s qualifications to sit on our Board include his knowledge of the capital markets and his experience, expertise and background with respect to accounting matters, including his experience as a chief financial officer and familiarity with U.S. GAAP and financial statements.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no family relationships among any of the officers and directors.

 

Director Independence

 

Subject to certain exceptions, under the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC, a listed company’s board of directors must consist of a majority of independent directors. Currently, our board of directors has determined that each of the non-management directors, Xin Hai Li, T. Joseph Fisher, III and Ping Li, is an “independent” director as defined by the listing standards of the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules currently in effect and approved by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and all applicable rules and regulations of the SEC. All members of the Audit, Compensation and Nominating Committees satisfy the “independence” standards applicable to members of each such committee. The board of directors made this affirmative determination regarding these directors’ independence based on discussion with the directors and on its review of the directors’ responses to a standard questionnaire regarding employment and compensation history; affiliations, family and other relationships; and transactions with the Company. The board of directors considered relationships and transactions between each director or any member of his immediate family and the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates. The purpose of the board of director’s review with respect to each director was to determine whether any such relationships or transactions were inconsistent with a determination that the director is independent under the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules.

 

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Board Committees

 

Audit Committee

 

We established our Audit Committee in January 2008. The Audit Committee consists of Xin Hai Li, T. Joseph Fisher, III and Ping Li, each of whom is an independent director. Ping Li, Chairman of the Audit Committee, is an “audit committee financial expert” as defined under Item 407(d) of Regulation S-K. The purpose of the Audit Committee is to represent and assist our board of directors in its general oversight of our accounting and financial reporting processes, audits of the financial statements and internal control and audit functions. The Audit Committee’s responsibilities include:

 

The appointment, replacement, compensation, and oversight of work of the independent auditor, including resolution of disagreements between management and the independent auditor regarding financial reporting, for the purpose of preparing or issuing an audit report or performing other audit, review or attest services.

 

Reviewing and discussing with management and the independent auditor various topics and events that may have significant financial impact on our company or that are the subject of discussions between management and the independent auditors.

 

The board of directors has adopted a written charter for the Audit Committee. A copy of the Audit Committee Charter is posted on the Company’s website at: www.highpowertech.com.

 

Compensation Committee

 

We established our Compensation Committee in January 2008. The Compensation Committee consists of Xin Hai Li and T. Joseph Fisher, III, each of whom is an independent director. Xin Hai Li is the Chairman of the Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee is responsible for the design, review, recommendation and approval of compensation arrangements for the Company’s directors, executive officers and key employees, and for the administration of our equity incentive plans, including the approval of grants under such plans to our employees, consultants and directors. The Compensation Committee also reviews and determines compensation of our executive officers, including our Chief Executive Officer. The board of directors has adopted a written charter for the Compensation Committee. A current copy of the Compensation Committee Charter is posted on the Company’s website at: www.highpowertech.com.

 

Nominating Committee

 

The Nominating Committee consists of Xin Hai Li and T. Joseph Fisher, III, each of whom is an independent director. T. Joseph Fisher, III is the Chairman of the Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee assists in the selection of director nominees, approves director nominations to be presented for stockholder approval at our annual general meeting and fills any vacancies on our board of directors, considers any nominations of director candidates validly made by stockholders, and reviews and considers developments in corporate governance practices. The board of directors has adopted a written charter for the Nominating Committee. A current copy of the Nominating Committee Charter is posted on the Company’s website at: www.highpowertech.com.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance  

 

The Company’s securities are currently registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. As a result, and pursuant to Rule 16a-2, the Company’s directors and officers and holders of 10% or more of its common stock are currently required to file statements of beneficial ownership with regards to their ownership of equity securities under Sections 13 or 16 of the Exchange Act. Based on a review of written representations from our executive officers and directors and a review of Forms 3, 4 and 5 furnished to us, we believe that during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, all directors, officers and more than 10% owners filed reports required by Section 16(a) of Exchange Act on a timely basis, except Wenwei Ma who filed one late Form 4 reporting a sale transaction.

 

Code of Ethics

 

The Company’s board of directors has adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, which applies to all directors, officers and employees. The purpose of the Code is to promote honest and ethical conduct. The Code is posted on the Company’s website located at: www.highpowertech.com, and is available in print, without charge, upon written request to the Company at Highpower International, Inc., Building A1, 68 Xinxia Street, Pinghu, Longgang, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518111, People’s Republic of China. The Company intends to post promptly any amendments to or waivers of the Code on its website.

 

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ITEM 11.  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

The following table sets forth information concerning the compensation for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 of the principal executive officer and up to two other officers whose compensation exceeded $100,000 during such years (our “named executive officers”).

 

Name and Position  Year   Salary   Bonus   Stock
Awards (1)
   Option
Awards (1)
   Total 
Dang Yu Pan   2015   $61,900   $46,400   $92,634   $-   $200,934 
CEO and Chairman   2014   $67,000   $-   $129,271   $-   $196,271 
Henry Sun   2015   $82,800   $25,750   $-   $115,293   $223,843 
Chief Financial Officer   2014   $87,000   $-   $-   $171,796   $258,796 
Wen Liang Li   2015   $76,200   $25,400   $69,913   $-   $171,513 
Vice President, Chief
Technology Officer and Director
   2014   $77,000   $-   $97,563   $-   $174,563 

  

(1)Represents the full grant date fair value computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. For assumptions used in calculation of awards, see Note 17 (Share Based Payment) to our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

We do not have any employment agreements with any of our named executive officers. Bonus is discretionary and based on performance. Key performance indicators, used, but not pre-established, as criteria for determining bonuses include corporate profitability, sales growth, and corporate milestone achievements. On January 21, 2011, the Company granted Mr. Sun ten-year options to purchase an aggregate of 250,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.55 per share. With respect to the grant, options to purchase 250,000 shares have been fully vested. On November 14, 2013, the Company granted Mr. Sun ten-year option to purchase an aggregate of 40,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $2.63 per share. With respect to the grant, options to purchase 24,000 shares have been vested, and 16,000 will vest on November 14, 2016. On June 15, 2015, the Company granted Mr. Sun ten-year options to purchase an aggregate of 30,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $4.12 per share. With respect to the grant, options to purchase 30,000 shares have been fully vested. On October 8, 2013, the Company granted 246,000 shares of restricted stock to members of the Board of Directors as Restricted Stock Awards (“RSA”) under the 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan. Mr. Pan and Mr. Li received 106,000 and 80,000 RSAs, respectively. The RSAs granted in 2013 are fully vested.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at 2015 Fiscal Year End

 

The following table sets forth the outstanding stock options for each of our named executive officers as of December 31, 2015.

 

OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR-END

 

   Option Awards
Name  Number of
Securities Underlying
Unexercised options
exercisable
   Number of
Securities Underlying
Unexercised options
exercisable
   Option Exercise
Price($)
   Option
Expiration
Date
Henry Sun   250,000    -    3.55   11/1/2021
    24,000    16,000(1)   2.63   11/14/2023
    30,000    -    4.12   6/15/2025

 

(1) Options will vest on November 14, 2016.

 

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Director Compensation

 

The following table shows information regarding the compensation earned during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 by members of board of directors. Compensation information for Dang Yu Pan and Wen Liang Li is described in the summary compensation table above.

 

Name  Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash
($)
   Stock
Awards
($)(1)
   Option
Awards
($)(1)
   Total
($)
 
T. Joseph Fisher, III   48,000    26,217    -    74,217 
Xin Hai Li   36,000    13,109    -    49,109 
Ping Li   37,000    13,109    -    50,109 

 

(1)Represents the full grant date fair value computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. For assumptions used in calculation of equity awards, see Note 17 (Share Based Payment) to our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Dang Yu Pan and Wen Liang Li are management board members. While in previous years, we offered our management board members a total compensation package, which include salary, bonus and director fees, we now do not pay such directors separate fees for board membership. We now offer our management board members a compensation package consisting of salary and bonus based on benchmarks reported by Shenzhen Labor Bureau.

 

We do not have a formal policy with respect to the compensation of our non-executive directors. We pay our non-executive directors for their services at the rate of $1,000 to $2,000 per month.

 

In November 2015, the board formed a Special Committee to review and consider the non-binding investment letter from Anshan Co-Operation, joined with Dang Yu Pan, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, and China Innovative Capital Management, Ltd. The members of the Special Committee are Ping Li, chairman, Xinhai Li and T. Joseph Fisher, III. Each member of the Special Committee was paid a retainer of $20,000 and will receive a monthly payment of $4,000 with the Chair receiving a monthly payment of $5,000.

 

Directors are eligible to receive, from time to time, grants of options to purchase shares of our common stock and other awards under our 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Plan”).

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The following table provides information as of December 31, 2015 regarding compensation plans, including any individual compensation arrangements, under which equity securities of Highpower International, Inc. are authorized for issuance.

 

Plan Category  Number
of Securities
to be issued
upon
exercise of
outstanding
options,
warrants
and rights
   Weighted-
average
exercise
price of
outstanding
options, 
warrants
and rights
   Number
of securities
remaining
available for
future
issuance
under equity
compensation
plans
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders   786,926   $3.08    583,141 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders   -    -    - 
Total   786,926     NA    583,141 

 

As of March 29, 2016, there were 583,141 shares available for issuance pursuant to the Plan.

 

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ITEM 12.  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage of ownership of that person, shares of common stock subject to options and warrants held by that person that are currently exercisable or become exercisable within 60 days of March 29, 2016 are deemed outstanding even if they have not actually been exercised. Those shares, however, are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

 

The following table sets forth as of March 29, 2016 certain information with respect to beneficial ownership of our common stock based on 15,101,679 issued and outstanding shares of common stock, by:

 

Each person known to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of the outstanding common stock of our company;
Each named executive officer;
Each director; and
All of the executive officers and directors as a group.

 

The number of shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 29, 2016 excludes 1,526,927 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding options and warrants. Unless otherwise indicated, the persons and entities named in the table have sole voting and sole investment power with respect to the shares set forth opposite the stockholder’s name, subject to community property laws, where applicable. Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each stockholder listed in the table is c/o Building A1, 68 Xinxia Street, Pinghu, Longgang, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518111, People’s Republic of China.

 

Name and Address 
of Beneficial Owner
  Title  Amount and
Nature of
Beneficial
Ownership
   Percent of
Class
 
            
Directors and Executive Officers             
Dang Yu Pan  Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board   3,062,773(1)   19.8%
              
Wen Liang Li  Vice President, Chief Technology Officer and Director   2,133,970    13.8%
              
Wen Wei Ma  Vice President of Manufacturing   900,897    5.8%
              
Henry Sun  Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary   339,800(2)   2.2%
              
Wen Jia Xiao  Vice President of Quality Control   -    * 
              
Xin Hai Li  Director   15,000    * 
              
T. Joseph Fisher III  Director   36,000(3)   * 
              
Ping Li  Director   15,000    * 
              
Officers and Directors as a Group (total of 8 persons)      6,503,440(4)   42.1%

 

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* Indicates beneficial ownership of less than 1.0%.

(1) Includes 269,959 shares held by a company that is 100% owned by Mr. Pan.

(2) Includes 334,000 shares underlying options.

(3) Includes 15,000 shares underlying options.

(4) Includes shares underlying options to purchase 34,900 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

ITEM 13.  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Hong Kong Highpower Technology Co., Ltd.

 

Hong Kong Highpower Technology Company Limited. (“HKHTC”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Highpower International, Inc., and each of HKHTC’s wholly-owned subsidiaries, Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited, Huizhou Highpower Technology Company Limited, Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited and Icon Energy System Company Limited have interlocking executive and director positions with the Company.

 

Guarantee Agreements

 

Mr. Dang Yu Pan, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and his wife, Ms. Zhou Tao Yin, and Mr. Wen Liang Li, our Vice President have provided personal guarantees under certain of our outstanding banking facilities. The following table shows the amount outstanding on each of our bank loans as of December 31, 2015 and the guarantors of each loan.

 

Name of Bank  Amount
Granted
   Unused line of
credit
   Guaranteed by
Bank of China  $13,762,455   $4,707,595   Dang Yu Pan
Bank of China  $11,203,276   $155,498   Dang Yu Pan
Ping An Bank Co., Ltd  $10,763,931   $3,878,818   Dang Yu Pan
China Minsheng Banking Corp., LTD.  $4,393,441   $1,916,253   Dang Yu Pan
Industrial Bank CO., LTD.  $9,226,227   $7,079,785   Dang Yu Pan
China Everbright Bank  $7,688,523   $3,647,289   Dang Yu Pan
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China  $7,688,523   $4,613,113   Dang Yu Pan
Jiang Su Bank Co., Ltd  $2,306,557   $995,703   Dang Yu Pan, Zhou Tao Yin
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited  $8,000,000   $8,000,000   Dang Yu Pan
Total:  $75,032,933   $34,994,054    

 

Non-binding Proposal

 

On November 23, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors received a non-binding investment proposal letter from Anshan Co-Operation (Group) Co., Ltd. ("Anshan Co-Operation"), joined with Mr. Dang Yu Pan, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, and certain management of Highpower International, and China Innovative Capital Management Ltd. Anshan Co-Operation (Group) Co., Ltd. ("Anshan Co-Operation"), proposing to purchase newly issued shares of Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd., Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. and Icon Energy System (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., the three subsidiaries in the PRC wholly-owned by the Company with not less than RMB650 million, or approximately US$101.7 million (based on an exchange rate of $6.39 as of November 26, 2015) based on the valuation of RMB280 million, or approximately US$43.8 million (based on an exchange rate of $6.39 as of November 26, 2015) for the three subsidiaries, in exchange for more than 50% of the equity of each of the three subsidiaries and become the controlling shareholder of each of the subsidiaries after the subscription. The Company's Board of Directors has formed a special committee consisting of the following independent directors to consider the proposal: Ping Li, who will serve as chairman, Xinhai Li and T. Joseph Fisher, III. The special committee has retained independent legal and financial advisors to assist it in the process.

 

Policy for Approval of Related Party Transactions

 

Our Audit Committee Charter to provides that the Audit Committee is responsible for reviewing and approving related party transactions with both officers and directors, including any payments made to such persons either directly or indirectly. Other than the forgoing, we do not currently have a formal related party approval policy for review and approval of transactions required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404 (a) of Regulation S-K.

 

Director Independence

 

See Item 10 “Directors, Officers and Corporation Governance” for a discussion of board member independence.

 

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ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

The following table presents professional audit service fees and all the audit-related expenses rendered by Marcum Bernstein &Pinchuk LLP, who reviewed the Company’s quarterly financial statements and audited the annual financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

 

   Year ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
         
Audit Fees(1)  $216,450   $219,641 
Audit-Related Fees   -    - 
Tax Fees   -    - 
All Other Fees   -    - 
Total  $216,450   $219,641 

 

(1) These were fees for professional services performed by Marcum Bernstein & Pinchuk LLP for the review of quarterly financial reports and audit of annual financial statements in 2015 and 2014.

 

Pre-Approval Policy

 

The Audit Committee on an annual basis reviews audit and non-audit services performed by the independent registered public accounting firm for such services. The audit committee pre-approves (i) audit services (including those performed for purposes of providing comfort letters and statutory audits) and (ii) non-audit services that exceed a de minimis standard established by the committee, which are rendered to the Company by its outside auditors (including fees).

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

1.

Financial Statements: See “Index to Consolidated Financial Statements” in Part II, Item 7 of this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

2. Financial Statement Schedule: Not applicable.
   
3. Exhibits: The exhibits listed in the accompanying “Index to Exhibits” are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Form 10-K.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China, on March 29, 2016.

 

  Highpower International, Inc.
  (Registrant)
   
Dated: March 29, 2016 /s/  Dang Yu Pan  
  By:  Dang Yu Pan
  Chief Executive Officer and
  Chairman of the Board
  (Principal Executive Officer)

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Company in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature   Capacity   Date
         
/s/  Dang Yu Pan   Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board   March 29, 2016
By:  Dang Yu Pan   (Principal Executive Officer)    
         
/s/  Henry Sun   Chief Financial Officer   March 29, 2016
By:  Henry Sun   (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)    
         
/s/  Wen Liang Li   Vice President, Chief Technology Officer and Director   March 29, 2016
By: Wen Liang Li      
         
/s/  Xin Hai Li   Director   March 29, 2016
By: Xin Hai Li        
         
/s/  T. Joseph Fisher III   Director   March 29, 2016
By:  T. Joseph Fisher III        
         
/s/  Ping Li   Director   March 29, 2016
By: Ping Li        

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit    
Number   Description
3.1   Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.1 to the Registration Statement on Form 10-SB (File No. 000-52103) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 5, 2006).
     
3.2   Bylaws (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.2 to the Registration Statement on Form 10-SB (File No. 000-52103) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 5, 2006).
     
3.3   Articles of Merger Effecting Name Change (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 5, 2007).
     
3.4   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 20, 2010).
     
4.1   Form of Warrant (incorporated by reference exhibit 4.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2014).
     
4.2   Warrants to Purchase Shares of Common Stock dated January 17, 2014 issued by Patrick Ko (incorporated by reference (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 15, 2014).
     
4.3   Form of Warrant issued on April 17, 2014 to Ardour Capital Investments, LLC and it assignees (incorporated by reference (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 14, 2014).
     
10.1   State-owned Land Use Rights Grant Contract No. 441302 – B – 112 dated as of May 23, 2007, by and between the Land and Resources Bureau of Huizhou City, Guangdong Province and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd. (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.4 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 5, 2007).
     
10.2   Land Use Right Agreement dated January 5, 2012 by and between Ganzhou Land and Resource Bureau and Ganzhou Highpower Technology Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 15, 2012).
     
10.2*   2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A (file no. 001-34098) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 31, 2008).
     
10.2(a)*   Form of Stock Option Agreement for 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of Form S-8 (file no.: 333-157443) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 20, 2009).
     
10.2(b)*   Form of Restricted Stock Agreement for 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 of Form S-8 (file no.: 333-157443) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 20, 2009).

 

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10.2(c)*   Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement for 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.4 of Form S-8 (file no.: 333-157443) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 20, 2009).
     
10.3   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 14, 2014, by and between Highpower International, Inc. and the investors in the offering (incorporated by reference exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2014).
     
10.4   Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated June 23, 2015 by and between Bank of China Everbright Bank and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.4(a)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co. Ltd. (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.4(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Icon Energy System Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(b) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.4(c)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Huizhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(c) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.4(d)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(d) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.5   Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated June 23, 2015 by and between Bank of China Everbright Bank and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.5(a)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd. (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.5(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Icon Energy System Co., Ltd (translated to English)  (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(b) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).
     
10.5(c)  

Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Huizhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(c) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).

     
10.5(d)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Bank of China Everbright Bank Shenzhen Branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English)  (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(d) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on August 14, 2015).

 

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10.6   Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated July 1, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.6(a)  

Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 1, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).

     
10.6(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 1, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Huizhou Highpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(b) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.6(c)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 1, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1© to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.6(d)   Collateral Contract dated July 1, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji- Sub-branch and Ganzhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1(d) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.7   Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated July 13, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.7(a)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 13, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.7(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 13, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(b) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.7(c)   Collateral Contract about buildings in Huizhou dated July 13, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji- Sub-branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(c) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.7(d)   Collateral Contract about a land use right in Huizhou dated July 13, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji - Sub- branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2(d) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.8   Working Capital Loan Contract dated July 14, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.3 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.9   Basic Credit Line Contract dated July 15, 2015 by and between Industrial Bank Co., Ltd., Longgang, Shenzhen Branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.4 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).

 

 62 

 

 

10.9(a)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 15, 2015 by and between Industrial Bank Co., Ltd., Longgang, Shenzhen Branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.4(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.9(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 15, 2015 by and between Industrial Bank Co., Ltd., Longgang, Shenzhen Branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.4(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.10   Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated July 16, 2015 by and between China Minsheng Banking Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.10(a)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 16, 2015 by and between China Minsheng Banking Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5(a) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.10(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 16, 2015 by and between China Minsheng Banking Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5(b) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.10(c)   Maximum Guarantee Contract dated July 16, 2015 by and between China Minsheng Banking Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Huizhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5(c) to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.11   Working Capital Loan Contract dated August 26, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.6 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.12   Working Capital Loan Contract dated September 17, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.7 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.13   Working Capital Loan Contract dated September 17, 2015 by and between Bank of China, Buji Sub-branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (translated to English) (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.8 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 16, 2015).
     
10.14   Offer Letter - Invoice Discounting/Factoring Agreement, effective October 28, 2015, by and between The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited and Hong Kong Highpower Technology Company Limited, and corresponding guarantee contracts.
     
10.14(a)   Guarantee (Limited Amount) between The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited.
     
10.14(b)   Guarantee (Limited Amount) between The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited.
     
10.14(c)   Guarantee (Limited Amount) between The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited and Huizhou Highpower Technology Company Limited.
     
10.14(d)   Guarantee (Limited Amount) between The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited and Dangyu Pan.

 

 63 

 

 

10.15   Maximum Amount Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated November 4, 2015, by and between Bank of Jiangsu, Shenzhen Sub-branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited, and corresponding guarantee contracts (translated to English).
     
10.15(a)   Maximum Amount Personal Joint Responsibility Guarantee between Bank of Jiangsu, Shenzhen Sub-branch and Pan Dangyu and Yin Zhoutao (translated to English).
     
10.15(b)   Maximum Amount Guaranty Contract between Bank of Jiangsu, Shenzhen Sub-branch Shenzhen Branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited (translated to English).
     
10.15(c)   Maximum Amount Guaranty Contract between Bank of Jiangsu, Shenzhen Sub-branch and Icon Energy System Company Limited (translated to English).
     
10.16   Comprehensive Credit Line Contract dated December 10, 2015, by and between Ping An Bank Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited, and corresponding guarantee contracts (translated to English).
     
10.16(a)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Ping An Bank Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Pan Dangyu (translated to English).
     
10.16(b)   Maximum Guarantee Contract between Ping An Bank Co., Ltd. Shenzhen Branch and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited (translated to English).
     
10.17   Working Capital Loan Contract dated December 24, 2015, by and between Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd, Shenzhen Henggang Branch and Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited, and corresponding guarantee contracts (translated to English).
     
10.17(a)   Guaranty Contract of Maximum Amount between Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Shenshen Henggang Branch, and Hong Kong Highpower Technology Co., Ltd. (translated to English).
     
10.17(b)   Guaranty Contract of Maximum Amount between Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Shenshen Henggang Branch, and Dangyu Pan (translated to English).
     
10.17(c)   Guaranty Contract of Maximum Amount between Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Shenshen Henggang Branch, and Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company, Limited. (translated to English).
     
21.1   List of Subsidiaries (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 21.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2012).
     
23.1   Consent of Marcum Bernstein & Pinchuk LLP.
     
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Item 601(b)(31) of Regulation S-K, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Item 601(b)(31) of Regulation S-K, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1**   Certifications of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

 

* Denotes a management contract or compensatory plan.
   
** This exhibit shall not be deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation language in any filings.

 

 64 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  PAGES
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F2
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 F3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F5
   
Consolidated Statements of Change in Equity for the Years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F6
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F7
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for the Years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F8

 

F-1 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Audit Committee of the

Board of Directors and Shareholders

of Highpower International, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Highpower International, Inc. and Subsidiaries (together the “Company”) as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company, as of as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

/s/ Marcum Bernstein & Pinchuk llp

New York, New York

March 29, 2016

 

F-2 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Stated in US Dollars except Number of Shares)

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
ASSETS          
Current Assets:          
Cash   5,849,967    14,611,892 
Restricted cash   11,656,204    15,396,827 
Accounts receivable, net   36,139,866    32,316,607 
Notes receivable   1,757,709    621,110 
Prepayments   5,354,552    3,283,520 
Other receivables   706,352    665,828 
Inventories   19,218,331    22,268,069 
           
Total Current Assets   80,682,981    89,163,853 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net   47,464,186    50,437,718 
Land use right, net   3,963,003    4,305,317 
Intangible asset, net   550,000    600,000 
Deferred tax assets   1,544,314    1,647,184 
           
TOTAL ASSETS   134,204,484    146,154,072 
           
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY          
           
LIABILITIES          
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable   36,077,396    44,562,647 
Deferred income   879,944    1,887,409 
Short-term loan   13,839,341    15,195,040 
Notes payable   30,490,166    29,903,248 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   6,292,492    5,896,547 
Income taxes payable   1,783,013    1,968,656 
Current portion of long-term loan   1,845,245    1,959,248 
           
Total Current Liabilities   91,207,597    101,372,795 
           
Warrant Liability   140,549    1,067,674 
Long-term loan   -    1,959,247 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES   91,348,146    104,399,716 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES   -    - 

 

F-3 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)

(Stated in US Dollars except Number of Shares)

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
         
EQUITY          
Stockholders’ equity          
Preferred stock          
(Par value: $0.0001, Authorized: 10,000,000 shares, Issued and outstanding: none)   -    - 
Common stock          
(Par value: $0.0001, Authorized: 100,000,000 shares, 15,101,679 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015 and 15,084,746 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014)   1,510    1,508 
Additional paid-in capital   11,227,979    10,530,430 
Statutory and other reserves   4,042,429    3,611,501 
Retained earnings   24,098,175    20,675,021 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   2,632,762    5,628,657 
           
Total equity for the Company’s stockholders   42,002,855    40,447,117 
           
Non-controlling interest   853,483    1,307,239 
           
TOTAL EQUITY   42,856,338    41,754,356 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   134,204,484    146,154,072 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-4 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Stated in US Dollars except Number of Shares)

 

   For the years ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
         
Net sales   146,181,011    147,088,166 
Cost of sales   (118,234,935)   (116,937,363)
Gross profit   27,946,076    30,150,803 
           
Research and development expenses   (7,631,181)   (7,709,618)
Selling and distribution expenses   (6,728,692)   (6,551,755)
General and administrative expenses   (12,895,649)   (12,893,378)
Foreign currency transaction gain   2,474,154    273,900 
Loss on derivative instruments   -    (54,406)
Total operating expenses   (24,781,368)   (26,935,257)
           
Income from operations   3,164,708    3,215,546 
           
Gain on change of fair value of warrant liability   927,125    106,278 
Other income   1,189,324    1,707,516 
Interest expenses   (1,002,151)   (1,838,155)
Income before taxes   4,279,006    3,191,185 
           
Income taxes expenses   (818,736)   (590,318)
Net income   3,460,270    2,600,867 
           
Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interest   (393,812)   (152,369)
Net income attributable to the Company   3,854,082    2,753,236 
           
Comprehensive income          
Net income   3,460,270    2,600,867 
Foreign currency translation loss   (3,055,839)   (156,926)
Comprehensive income   404,431    2,443,941 
           
Less: comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest   (453,756)   (89,093)
Comprehensive income attributable to the Company   858,187    2,533,034 
           
Earnings per share of common stock attributable to the Company          
- Basic   0.26    0.19 
- Diluted   0.25    0.18 
           
Weighted average number of common stock outstanding          
- Basic   15,096,166    14,739,073 
- Diluted   15,286,196    15,154,239 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-5 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

(Stated in US Dollars except Number of Shares)

 

   Preferred   Common stock   Additional
paid-in
   Statutory
and other
   Retained   Accumulated
other
comprehensive
   Non-controlling     
   stock   Shares   Amount   capital   reserves   earnings   income   interest   Total 
                                     
Balance, December 31, 2013   -    13,978,106    1,398    6,011,305    3,142,411    18,390,875    5,848,859    1,299,252    34,694,100 
Proceeds from stock issuance, net        1,000,000    100    3,459,112                        3,459,212 
Change in non-controlling interest   -    -    -    (97,080)   -    -    -    97,080    - 
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    (220,202)   63,276    (156,926)
Share-based compensation expenses   -    106,640    10    1,157,093    -    -    -    -    1,157,103 
Transfer to statutory and other reserves   -    -    -    -    469,090    (469,090)   -    -    - 
Net income   -    -    -    -    -    2,753,236    -    (152,369)   2,600,867 
                                              
Balance, December 31, 2014   -    15,084,746    1,508    10,530,430    3,611,501    20,675,021    5,628,657    1,307,239    41,754,356 
                                              
Proceeds from exercise of stock options        16,933    2    44,532                        44,534 
Change in non-controlling interest   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    -    (2,995,895)   (59,944)   (3,055,839)
Share-based compensation expenses   -    -    -    653,017    -    -    -    -    653,017 
Transfer to statutory and other reserves   -    -    -    -    430,928    (430,928)   -    -    - 
Net income   -    -    -    -    -    3,854,082    -    (393,812)   3,460,270 
                                              
Balance, December 31, 2015   -    15,101,679    1,510    11,227,979    4,042,429    24,098,175    2,632,762    853,483    42,856,338 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-6 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

   For the years ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net income   3,460,270    2,600,867 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   4,939,882    4,201,533 
Allowance for doubtful accounts   949    768 
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment   233,296    227,264 
Loss on derivative instruments   -    62,801 
Deferred income tax   9,107    (845,068)
Share based payment   653,017    1,288,916 
Gain on change of fair value of warrant liability   (927,125)   (106,278)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (5,446,752)   1,472,589 
Notes receivable   (1,222,793)   388,137 
Prepayments   (2,352,667)   1,661,111 
Other receivable   (82,649)   391,965 
Inventories   1,831,737    (2,602,659)
Accounts payable   (3,322,054)   5,672,372 
Deferred income   1,890,332    1,880,776 
Other payables and accrued liabilities   755,757    (1,867,493)
Income taxes payable   (74,111)   691,949 
Net cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities   346,196    15,119,550 
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Acquisition of plant and equipment   (11,256,553)   (8,881,328)
Net cash flows used in investing activities   (11,256,553)   (8,881,328)
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Proceeds from short-term bank loans   14,430,014    20,346,228 
Repayment of short-term bank loans   (13,438,449)   (41,122,204)
Repayment of long-term bank loans   (1,924,002)   (1,952,362)
Proceeds from notes payable   63,544,496    52,258,487 
Repayment of notes payable   (61,118,292)   (47,536,694)
Proceeds from issuance of capital stock and warrants, net   44,534    4,633,164 
Change in restricted cash   2,966,205    13,038,071 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities   4,504,506    (335,310)
Effect of foreign currency translation on cash   (2,356,074)   735,521 
Net (decrease) increase in cash   (8,761,925)   6,638,433 
Cash - beginning of year   14,611,892    7,973,459 
Cash - end of year   5,849,967    14,611,892 
           
Supplemental disclosures for cash flow information:          
Cash paid for:          
Income taxes   883,740    743,437 
Interest expenses   1,002,151    1,912,584 
Non-cash transactions          
Reduction of property, plant and equipment cost by realizing deferred income   2,547,545    672,675 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-7 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

1.Principal activities and organization

 

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Highpower International, Inc. ("Highpower") and its subsidiaries, Hong Kong Highpower Technology Company Limited ("HKHTC"), Shenzhen Highpower Technology Company Limited ("SZ Highpower"), Highpower Energy Technology (Huizhou) Company Limited ("HZ Highpower"), Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Company Limited ("SZ Springpower"), Ganzhou Highpower Technology Company Limited ("GZ Highpower"), Icon Energy System Company Limited ("ICON") and Huizhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd (HZ HTC). Highpower and its subsidiaries are collectively referred to as the "Company".

 

Highpower was incorporated in the State of Delaware on January 3, 2006. HKHTC was incorporated in Hong Kong on July 4, 2003. All other subsidiaries are incorporated in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”).

 

On May 15, 2013, GZ Highpower increased its paid-in capital from RMB15,000,000 ($2,381,293) to RMB30,000,000 ($4,807,847). SZ Highpower holds 60% of the equity interest of GZ Highpower, and four founding management members of GZ Highpower hold the remaining 40%. On November 13, 2014, GZ Highpower increased its paid-in capital from RMB30,000,000 ($4,898,119) to RMB40,000,000 ($6,530,825) and the additional capital of RMB10,000,000 was contributed by SZ Highpower. As of December 31, 2014, SZ Highpower holds 70% of the equity interest of GZ Highpower, and four founding management members of GZ Highpower hold the remaining 30%.

 

In April 2014, the Company and certain institutional investors entered into a securities purchase agreement, pursuant to which the Company sold 1,000,000 shares of common stock and warrants exercisable for 500,000 shares of common stock in a registered direct offering at a price of $5.05 per fixed combination for aggregate proceeds of $5.05 million. The shares and warrants were sold in multiples of a fixed combination consisting of (i) one share of common stock and (ii) one immediately exercisable warrant to purchase 0.50 shares of common stock. The net proceeds from the offering was $4,633,164, after deducting fees due the placement agent and offering expenses.

 

HZ Highpower was dissolved in September 2015.

 

The subsidiaries of the Company and their principal activities are described as follows:

 

Name of company   Place and date
incorporation
  Attributable equity
interest held
  Principal activities

Hong Kong Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("HKHTC")

 

Hong Kong

July 4, 2003

  100%   Investment holding and marketing of batteries
             

Shenzhen Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("SZ Highpower")

 

PRC

October 8, 2002

  100%   Manufacturing & marketing of NiMH batteries
             

Highpower Energy Technology (Huizhou) Co., Ltd

("HZ Highpower")

 

PRC

January 29, 2008

  100%   Dissolved
             

Springpower Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd

("SZ Springpower")

 

PRC

June 4, 2008

  100%   Research & manufacturing of lithium batteries
             

Ganzhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("GZ Highpower")

 

PRC

September 21, 2010

  70%   Processing, marketing and research of battery materials
             

Icon Energy System Co., Ltd.

("ICON")

 

PRC

February 23, 2011

  100%   Design and production of advanced battery packs and systems
             

Huizhou Highpower Technology Co., Ltd

("HZ HTC")

 

PRC

March 8, 2012

  100%   Manufacturing & marketing of lithium batteries

 

F-8 

 

 

HIGHPOWERINTERNATIONAL, INCAND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies

 

Basis of presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the United States generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP").

 

Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Non-controlling interests represent the equity interest in the GZ Highpower that is not attributable to the Company.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include revenues; the allowance for doubtful receivables; recoverability of the carrying amount of inventory; fair values of financial instruments; and the assessment of deferred tax assets or liabilities. These estimates are often based on complex judgments and assumptions that management believes to be reasonable but are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Concentrations of credit risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of accounts receivable. The Company extends credit based on an evaluation of the customer’s financial condition, generally without requiring collateral or other security. In order to minimize the credit risk, the management of the Company has delegated a team responsible for determining credit limits, credit approvals and other monitoring procedures to ensure that follow-up action is taken to recover overdue debts. Further, the Company reviews the recoverable amount of each individual trade debt at each balance sheet date to ensure that adequate impairment losses are made for irrecoverable amounts. In this regard, the management of the Company considers that the Company’s credit risk is significantly reduced.

 

No customer accounted for 10% or more of net sales during the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

No supplier accounted for 10% or more of total purchase amount during the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

As of December 31, 2015, there was one major customer accounted for 11.3% of the accounts receivable. And none of the Company’s customers accounted for 10% or more of the accounts receivable as of December 31, 2014.

 

F-9 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Cash

 

Cash include all cash and deposits in banks with initial maturities of three months or less.

 

Restricted cash

 

Restricted cash include time deposits and cash security for bank acceptance bills.

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

Accounts receivable are stated at the original amount less an allowance for doubtful receivables, if any, based on a review of all outstanding amounts at period end. An allowance is also made when there is objective evidence that the Company will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of the receivables. Bad debts are written off when identified. The Company extends unsecured credit to customers in the normal course of business and believes all accounts receivable in excess of the allowances for doubtful receivables to be fully collectible. The Company does not accrue interest on trade accounts receivable.

 

Notes receivable, net

 

Notes receivable represent banks’ and commercial acceptances that have been arranged with third-party financial institutions by certain customers to settle their purchases from us. These banks’ acceptances are non-interest bearing and are collectible within six months.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the weighted average method. Inventory includes raw materials, packing materials, consumables, work in progress and finished goods. The variable production overhead is allocated to each unit of production on the basis of the actual use of the production facilities. The allocation of fixed production overhead to the costs of conversion is based on the normal capacity of the production facilities.

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment, net are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost represents the purchase price of the asset and other costs incurred to bring the asset into its existing use. Maintenance, repairs and betterments, including replacement of minor items, are charged to expense; major additions to physical properties are capitalized.

 

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment is provided using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives at the following annual rates:

 

Buildings   2.5%-5%
Furniture, fixtures and office equipment   20%
Leasehold improvement   20%-50%
Machinery and equipment   10%
Motor vehicles   20%

 

Upon sale or disposal, the applicable amounts of asset cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and the net amount less proceeds from disposal is charged or credited to income.

 

Construction in progress represents capital expenditures for direct costs of construction or acquisition and design fees incurred, and the interest expenses directly related to the construction. Capitalization of these costs ceases and the construction in progress is transferred to the appropriate category of property, plant and equipment when substantially all the activities necessary to prepare the assets for their intended use are completed. Construction in progress is not depreciated.

 

F-10 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Land use rights, net

 

Land use rights represent payments for the rights to use certain parcels of land for a certain period of time in the PRC. Land use rights are carried at cost and charged to expense on a straight-line basis over the period the rights are granted.

 

Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets represent a royalty-bearing, non-exclusive license to use certain patents owned by an unrelated party ("License Provider"), to manufacture rechargeable nickel metal hydride batteries for portable consumer applications (“Consumer Batteries”) in the PRC, and a royalty-bearing, non-exclusive worldwide license to use certain patents owned by License Provider to manufacture, sell and distribute Consumer Batteries. The value of the licenses was established based on historic acquisition costs.

 

An exclusive proprietary technology contributed by the four founding management members of GZ Highpower in exchange for the paid-in capital of GZ Highpower is recorded at the four management members’ historical cost basis of nil.

 

Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives of 20 years, and are reviewed annually for impairment, or more frequently, if indications of possible impairment exist.

 

Government grants

 

Government grants are recognized when received and all the conditions for their receipt have been met.

 

Specifically, government grants whose primary condition is that the Company should purchase, construct or otherwise acquire non-current assets is recognized on the consolidated balance sheet as deferred income and deducted in calculating the carrying amount of the related asset. The revenue from such grants is recognized in profit or loss over the life of the related depreciable asset as a reduction of depreciation expense. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company recorded deferred income of $879,944 and $1,887,409, respectively, for the government grants to purchase non-current assets.

 

Government grants as compensation for expenses or losses already incurred or for the purpose of giving immediate financial support to the Company with no future related benefit are recognized as other income in the period in which they become receivable. Approximately $563,485 and $330,302 government grant were recognized as other income in 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable, delivery of the product has occurred, title and risk of loss have transferred to the customers and collectability of the receivable is reasonably assured. The majority of domestic sales contracts transfer title and risk of loss to customers upon receipt. The majority of oversea sales contracts transfer title and risk of loss to customers when goods were delivered to the carriers. Revenue is presented net of any sales tax and value added tax.

 

The Company does not have arrangements for returns from customers and does not have any future obligations directly or indirectly related to product resale by customers. The Company has no sales incentive programs.

 

F-11 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Cost of Sales

 

Cost of revenues consists primarily of material costs, employee compensation, depreciation and related expenses, which are directly attributable to the production of products. Write-down of inventories to lower of cost or market is also recorded in cost of revenues.

 

Shipping and handling

 

Shipping and handling expenses are recorded as selling expenses when occurred. Shipping and handling expenses relating to sales were $1,015,996 and $971,240 respectively for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Research and development

 

Research and development expenses include expenses directly attributable to the conduct of research and development programs, including the expenses of salaries, employee benefits, materials, supplies, and maintenance of research equipment. All expenses associated with research and development are expensed as incurred.

 

Advertising

 

Advertising, which generally represents the cost of promotions to create or stimulate a positive image of the Company or a desire to buy the Company’s products and services, are expensed as incurred. No significant advertising expense was recorded for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

F-12 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

The Company recognizes compensation expense associated with the issuance of equity instruments to employees for their services. The fair value of the equity instruments is estimated on the date of grant and is expensed in the financial statements over the vesting period. The input assumptions used in determining fair value are the expected life, expected volatility, risk-free rate and the dividend yield.

 

Share-based compensation associated with the issuance of equity instruments to non-employees is measured at the fair value of the equity instrument issued or committed to be issued, as this is more reliable than the fair value of the services received. The fair value is measured at the date that the commitment for performance by the counterparty has been reached or the counterparty's performance is complete.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates, applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

Uncertain tax positions

 

The Company accounts for uncertainty in income taxes using a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. The Company classifies the liability for unrecognized tax benefits as current to the extent that the Company anticipates payment (or receipt) of cash within one year. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized and recorded as necessary in the provision for income taxes. There were no uncertain tax positions as of December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Comprehensive income

 

Recognized revenue, expenses, gains and losses are included in net income or loss. Although certain changes in assets and liabilities are reported as separate components of the equity section of the consolidated balance sheet, such items, along with net income or loss, are components of comprehensive income or loss. The components of other comprehensive income or loss are consisted solely of foreign currency translation adjustments, net of the income tax effect.

 

Foreign currency translation and transactions

 

Highpower’s functional currency is the United States dollar ("US$"). HKHTC's functional currency is the Hong Kong dollar ("HK$"). The functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries in the PRC is the Renminbi ("RMB").

 

Most of the Company’s oversea sales are priced and settled with US$. At the date a foreign currency transaction is recognized, each asset, liability, revenue, expense, gain, or loss arising from the transaction is measured initially in the functional currency of the recording entity by use of the exchange rate in effect at that date. The increase or decrease in expected functional currency cash flows upon settlement of a transaction resulting from a change in exchange rates between the functional currency and the currency in which the transaction is denominated is recognized as foreign currency transaction gain or loss that is included in determining net income for the period in which the exchange rate changes. At each balance sheet date, recorded balances that are denominated in a foreign currency are adjusted to reflect the current exchange rate.

 

The Company’s reporting currency is US$. Assets and liabilities of HKHTC and the PRC subsidiaries are translated at the current exchange rate at the balance sheet dates, revenues and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates during the reporting periods, and equity accounts are translated at historical rates. Translation adjustments are reported in other comprehensive income.

 

Segment Reporting

 

The Company uses the “management approach” in determining reportable operating segments. The management approach considers the internal organization and reporting used by the Company's chief operating decision maker for making operating decisions and assessing performance as the source for determining the Company's reportable segments. The Company’s reportable segments are based on products, geography, legal structure, management structure, or any other manner in which management disaggregates a company. Therefore the Company categorizes its business into three reportable segments, namely (i) Lithium Batteries; (ii) Ni-MH Batteries; and (iii) New Material.

 

F-13 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The carrying values of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash, restricted cash, trade and other receivables, deposits, trade and other payables and bank borrowings, approximate their fair values due to the short-term maturity of such instruments.

 

The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required or permitted to be recorded at fair value, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact and it considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability.

 

The Company establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires maximizing the use of observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The Company measures fair value using three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

-Level 1 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

-Level 2 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.

 

-Level 3 applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Warrant Liabilities

 

For warrants that are not indexed to the Company’s stock, the Company records the fair value of the issued warrants as a liability at each balance sheet date and records changes in the estimated fair value as a non-cash gain or loss in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income. The fair values of these warrants have been determined using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The Black-Scholes pricing model provides for assumptions regarding volatility, call and put features and risk-free interest rates within the total period to maturity. These values are subject to a significant degree of judgment on the part of the Company.

 

Derivatives

 

From time to time the Company may utilize foreign currency forward contracts to reduce the impact of foreign currency exchange rate risk. Management considered that the foreign currency forwards did not meet the criteria for designated hedging instruments and hedged transactions to qualify for cash flow hedge or fair value hedge accounting. The currency forwards therefore are accounted for as derivatives, with fair value changes reported as gain (loss) of derivative instruments in the income statement.

 

F-14 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Earnings per share

 

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) are computed by dividing income attributable to holders of common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common shares were exercised or converted into common shares. Potential dilutive securities are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS in loss periods as their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, or ASU 2014-09. This new standard will replace all current U.S. GAAP guidance on this topic and eliminate all industry-specific guidance. The new revenue recognition standard provides a unified model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue to correlate with the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration for which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In July 2015, the FASB voted to defer the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year, while allowing a company to adopt the new revenue standard early but not before the original effective date. This guidance will be effective as to us on January 1, 2018 and can be applied either retrospectively to each period presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. We are evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740). To simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes, the amendments in this Update require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. The amendments in this Update apply to all entities that present a classified statement of financial position. The current requirement that deferred tax liabilities and assets of a tax-paying component of an entity be offset and presented as a single amount is not affected by the amendments in this Update. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. Earlier application is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory. Under this ASU, inventory will be measured at the “lower of cost and net realizable value” and options that currently exist for “market value” will be eliminated. The ASU defines net realizable value as the “estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation.” No other changes were made to the current guidance on inventory measurement. ASU 2015-11 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted and should be applied prospectively. The Company plans to early adopt this standard beginning with the 2016 fiscal year, but does not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations, or related disclosures.

 

F-15 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

2.Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements (continued)

 

On February 25, 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). It requires that a lessee recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from operating leases. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. Public business entities should apply the amendments in ASU 2016-02 for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years (i.e., January 1, 2019, for a calendar year entity). Early application is permitted for all public business entities and all nonpublic business entities upon issuance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

We do not believe other recently issued but not yet effective accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the consolidated financial position, statements of operations and cash flows.

 

3.Restricted cash

 

As of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, restricted cash consisted of the following:

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Securities for bank acceptance bill   11,392,231    10,689,297 
Time deposits   263,973    4,707,530 
    11,656,204    15,396,827 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company repaid a series of short-term borrowings which resulted in a decrease in time deposits as of December 31, 2015.

 

F-16 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

4.Accounts receivable, net

 

As of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, accounts receivable consisted of the following:

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Accounts receivable   38,211,951    34,816,914 
Less: allowance for doubtful debts   2,072,085    2,500,307 
    36,139,866    32,316,607 

 

The Company recorded bad debt expense of $949 and $768, respectively, during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, The Company wrote off accounts receivable of $403,735 and $2,950, respectively, in the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

5.Prepayments

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Purchase deposits paid   3,752,125    1,793,599 
Value-added tax prepayment   546,358    384,008 
Rental deposit   414,843    266,556 
Deferred insurance fee   206,424    97,005 
Advances to staff for operations   39,886    122,452 
Other deposits and prepayments   394,916    619,900 
    5,354,552    3,283,520 

 

Other deposits and prepayments represent deferred expenses and prepayments to services providers.

 

6.Other receivables

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
    $    $ 
Compensation receivable for land occupation   486,370    516,418 
Others   219,982    149,410 
    706,352    665,828 

 

F-17 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

7.Inventories

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Raw materials   4,320,455    4,341,675 
Work in progress   4,568,530    3,949,778 
Finished goods   9,994,401    13,685,166 
Packing materials   17,167    20,137 
Consumables   317,778    271,313 
    19,218,331    22,268,069 

 

Where there is evidence that the utility of inventories, in their disposal in the ordinary course of business, will be less than cost, whether due to physical deterioration, obsolescence, changes in price levels, or other causes, the inventories are written down to fair value. $1,451,553 and $777,638 was written down for inventories in the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

8.Property, plant and equipment

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Cost          
Construction in progress   1,678,961    715,821 
Furniture, fixtures and office equipment   3,882,594    3,754,990 
Leasehold improvement   4,092,668    3,763,290 
Machinery and equipment   29,295,041    28,180,306 
Motor vehicles   1,643,173    1,479,921 
Building   23,046,056    25,414,914 
    63,638,493    63,309,242 
Less: accumulated depreciation   16,174,307    12,871,524 
    47,464,186    50,437,718 

 

The Company recorded depreciation expenses of $4,794,162 and $4,054,403 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company deducted deferred income related to government grants of $2,547,545 and $672,675, respectively, in calculating the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment.

 

The buildings comprising the Huizhou facilities were pledged as collateral for bank loans as of December 31, 2015. The carrying amount of the building was $9,715,879 and $10,573,369 as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

As of December 31, 2015, the buildings comprising the Ganzhou facilities were pledged as collateral for line of credit, which were used for short-term loans and bank guarantee promissory notes. The carrying amount of the building was $2,703,743 as of December 31, 2015.

 

F-18 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

9.Land use rights

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Cost          
Land located in Huizhou   3,301,923    3,505,921 
Land located in Ganzhou   1,288,146    1,367,729 
    4,590,069    4,873,650 
Accumulated amortization   (627,066)   (568,333)
Net   3,963,003    4,305,317 

 

As of December 31, 2015 land use rights of the Company included certain parcels of land located in Huizhou City, Guangdong Province, PRC and Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province, PRC. Land use rights for land in Huizhou City with an area of approximately 126,605 square meters and in Ganzhou City with an area of approximately 58,669 square meters will expire on May 23, 2057 and January 4, 2062, respectively.

 

Land use rights are being amortized annually using the straight-line method over a contract term of 50 years. Estimated amortization for the coming years is as follows:

 

2016   95,720 
2017   95,720 
2018   95,720 
2019   95,720 
2020   95,720 
Thereafter   3,484,403 
    3,963,003 

 

The Company recorded amortization expenses of $95,720 and $97,130 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The land use right for land located in Huizhou City was pledged as collateral for bank loans as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The land use right for Land located in Ganzhou City was pledged as collateral for bank loans as of December 31, 2015.

 

F-19 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

10.Intangible asset

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Cost          
Consumer battery license fee   1,000,000    1,000,000 
           
Accumulated amortization   (450,000)   (400,000)
Net   550,000    600,000 

 

The Company is amortizing the $1,000,000 cost of the Consumer Battery License Agreement with a License Provider over a period of 20 years on the straight line basis over the estimated useful life of the underlying technology, which is based on the Company’s assessment of existing battery technology, current trends in the battery business, potential developments and improvements, and the Company’s current business plan.

 

As of December 31, 2015, the Company had an exclusive proprietary technology with historical cost of zero but still in use. The exclusive proprietary technology was contributed by four founding management members of GZ Highpower in exchange for the paid-in capital of GZ Highpower. The historical cost basis was recorded at $nil at the four management members’ historical cost basis.

 

Amortization expenses included in selling and distribution costs for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were $50,000 and $50,000, respectively.

 

11.Other payables and accrued liabilities

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Accrued expenses   3,816,940    3,649,806 
Royalty payable   461,055    580,032 
VAT payable   959,422    405,859 
Sales deposits received   562,696    911,947 
Other payables   492,379    348,903 
    6,292,492    5,896,547 

 

F-20 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

12.Taxation

 

The Company and its subsidiaries file tax returns separately.

 

1) VAT

 

Pursuant to the Provisional Regulation of the PRC on VAT and the related implementing rules, all entities and individuals ("taxpayers") that are engaged in the sale of products in the PRC are generally required to pay VAT at a rate of 17% of the gross sales proceeds received, less any deductible VAT already paid or borne by the taxpayers. Further, when exporting goods, the exporter is entitled to a portion of or all the refund of VAT that it has already paid or incurred. The Company’s PRC subsidiaries are subject to VAT at 17% of their revenues.

 

2) Income tax

 

United States

 

Highpower was incorporated in Delaware and is subject to U.S. federal income tax with a system of graduated tax rates ranging from 15% to 35%. As Highpower does not conduct any business in the U.S. or Delaware, it is not subject to U.S. or Delaware state corporate income tax. No deferred U.S. taxes are recorded since all accumulated profits in the PRC will be permanently reinvested in the PRC.

 

Hong Kong

 

HKHTC, which was incorporated in Hong Kong, is subject to a corporate income tax rate of 16.5%.

 

PRC

 

In accordance with the relevant tax laws and regulations of the PRC, a company registered in the PRC is subject to income taxes within the PRC at the applicable tax rate on taxable income.

 

In China, the companies granted with National High-tech Enterprise (“NHTE”) status enjoy 15% income tax rate. This status needs to be renewed every three years. In 2008, SZ Highpower received NHTE status, which was renewed in 2011 and recently renewed in 2014. In 2013, SZ Springpower received NHTE status. In 2014, both GZ Highpower and ICON received NHTE status. In 2015, HZ HTC received NHTE status. If these subsidiaries fail to renew NHTE status, they will be subject to income tax at a rate of 25% after the expiration of NHTE status. All the PRC subsidiaries received NHTE status and enjoy 15% income tax rate for calendar year 2015.

 

The components of the provision for income taxes expenses are:

 

   For the year ended
December 31,
 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Current   809,629    1,435,386 
Deferred   9,107    (845,068)
Total   818,736    590,318 

 

F-21 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

12.Taxation (continued)

 

The reconciliation of income taxes expenses computed at the statutory tax rate applicable to the Company to income tax expenses is as follows:

 

   For the year ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Income before tax   4,279,006    3,191,185 
           
Provision for income taxes at applicable income tax rate   988,833    587,347 
Effect of preferential tax rate   60,060    (607,461)
R&D expenses eligible for super deduction   (546,156)   (98,605)
Non-deductible expenses   59,122    58,643 
Change in valuation allowance   256,877    650,394 
Effective enterprise income tax   818,736    590,318 

 

3) Deferred tax assets

 

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities reflect the tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purpose and the tax bases used for income tax purpose. The following represents the tax effect of each major type of temporary difference.

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
         
Tax loss carry-forward   3,382,543    3,798,290 
Allowance for doubtful receivables   47,197    111,637 
Allowance for inventory obsolescence   217,733    138,458 
Difference for sales cut-off   33,071    20,572 
Deferred income   131,992    283,111 
Property, plant and equipment subsidized by government grant   490,883    100,901 
Total gross deferred tax assets   4,303,419    4,452,969 
Valuation allowance   (2,759,105)   (2,805,785)
Total net deferred tax assets   1,544,314    1,647,184 

 

F-22 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

13.Notes payable

 

Notes payable are presented to certain suppliers as a payment against the outstanding trade payables.

 

Notes payable are mainly bank guarantee promissory notes which are non-interest bearing and generally mature within six months. The outstanding bank guarantee promissory notes are secured by restricted cash deposited in banks and $991,833 note receivable of HZ HTC. Outstanding bank guarantee promissory notes payable were $30,379,170 and $29,380,782 as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

As of December 31, 2015, the Company issued $110,996 trade acceptances to suppliers. These trade acceptances are non-interest bearing and mature within six months. No security deposit is needed. The trade acceptance as of December 31, 2014 was 522,466.

 

14.Short-term loans

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Short- term bank loans guaranteed and repayable within one year   13,839,341    15,195,040 

 

As of December 31, 2015, the above bank borrowings were for working capital and capital expenditure purposes and were secured by personal guarantees executed by certain directors of the Company, a land use right with a carrying amount of $3,963,003, the building with a carrying amount of $12,419,622.

 

The loans as of December 31, 2015 were primarily obtained from four banks with interest rates ranging from 4.35% to 6.06% per annum. The interest expenses were $739,662 and $1,472,013 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

F-23 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

15.Lines of credit

 

The Company entered into various credit contracts and revolving lines of credit, which were used for short-term loans and bank acceptance bills. The following tables summarize the unused lines of credit as of December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

   December 31, 2015
Lender  Starting date  Maturity date  Line of credit   Unused line of
credit
 
         $   $ 
Bank of China  7/13/2015  9/13/2016   13,762,455    4,707,595 
Bank of China  7/1/2015  6/30/2016   11,203,276    155,498 
Ping An Bank Co., Ltd  12/10/2015  12/9/2016   10,763,931    3,878,818 
China Minsheng Banking Corp., LTD.  7/16/2015  7/16/2016   4,393,441    1,916,253 
Industrial Bank CO., LTD.  7/15/2015  7/15/2016   9,226,227    7,079,785 
China Everbright Bank  6/23/2015  6/22/2016   7,688,523    3,647,289 
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China  10/1/2015  10/1/2016   7,688,523    4,613,113 
Jiang Su Bank Co., Ltd  11/4/2015  11/3/2016   2,306,557    995,703 
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited  9/1/2015  7/15/2016   8,000,000    8,000,000 
Total         75,032,933    34,994,054 

 

   December 31, 2014
Lender  Starting date  Maturity date  Line of credit   Unused line of
credit
 
         $   $ 
Bank of China  3/10/2014  3/10/2015   12,653,474    424,823 
Bank of China  7/23/2014  7/23/2015   3,965,144    67,516 
Ping An Bank Co., Ltd  10/20/2014  10/19/2015   11,428,945    295,818 
China Minsheng Banking Corp., LTD  5/22/2014  5/22/2015   3,265,413    - 
Shenzhen Baoan Guiyin County Bank  11/19/2014  11/18/2015   4,734,848    1,750,151 
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China  7/26/2012  7/25/2015   6,530,826    3,918,496 
China Citic Bank  6/25/2014  6/25/2015   8,046,910    6,788,093 
Industrial Bank Co., Ltd  10/23/2014  10/23/2015   6,530,825    4,430,636 
Jiang Su Bank Co., Ltd  10/28/2014  9/11/2015   4,898,119    4,898,119 
Total         62,054,504    22,573,652 

 

The lines of credits from Bank of China, Ping An Bank Co., Ltd, China Minsheng Banking Corp., LTD., Industrial Bank CO., LTD., China Everbright Bank, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, and Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited are guaranteed by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Dang Yu Pan. The lines of credits from Jiang Su Bank Co., Ltd are guaranteed by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Dang Yu Pan, and his wife.

 

Certain of the agreements governing the Company’s loans include standard affirmative and negative covenants, including restrictions on granting additional pledges on the Company’s property and incurring additional debt and obligations to provide advance notice of major corporate actions, and other covenants including: that the borrower may not serve as a guarantor for more than double its net assets; that the borrower is restricted in certain circumstances from using the loans in connection with related party transactions or other transactions with affiliates; that the borrower must provide monthly reports to certain lenders describing the actual use of loans; that the borrower may need to obtain approval to engage in major corporate transactions; and that the borrower may need to obtain approval to increase overseas investments, guarantee additional debt or incur additional debt by an amount which exceeds 20% of its total net assets should the lender determine that such action would have a material impact on the ability of the borrower to repay the loan. The covenants in these loan agreements could prohibit the Company from incurring any additional debt without consent from its lenders. The Company believes it would be able to obtain consents from the lenders in the event it needed to do so. The agreements governing the Company’s loans may also include covenants that, in certain circumstances, may require the Company’s PRC operating subsidiaries to give notice to, or obtain consent from, certain of their lenders prior to making a distribution of net profit, as well as covenants restricting the ability of the Company’s PRC operating subsidiaries from extending loans. As of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the Company was in compliance with all material covenants in its loan agreements.

 

F-24 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

16.Long-term loans

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Long term loans from Bank of China   1,845,245    3,918,495 
Less: current portion of long-term borrowings   1,845,245    1,959,248 
Long-term borrowings, net of current portion   -    1,959,247 

 

On January 13, 2012, the Company borrowed $8,198,065 (RMB50 million) from Bank of China, which is guaranteed by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Dang Yu Pan. It is five-year long-term loan, with an annual interest rate of 5.23%, which was equal to 110% of the benchmark-lending rate of the People’s Bank of China (“PBOC”) as of December 31, 2015. Interest expenses are to be paid quarterly.

 

The interest expenses were $219,704 and $366,142 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The principal is to be repaid quarterly from September 30, 2012. 2% of the principal was repaid on September 30, 2012 and December 30, 2012, respectively. Thereafter 6% of the principal is to be repaid every quarter after December 31, 2012 until the maturity date. The repayment schedule of the principal is summarized as in below table:

 

   $ 
2016   1,845,245 
    1,845,245 

 

F-25 

 

 

HIGHPOWERINTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

17.Share-based compensation

 

2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan

 

The 2008 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the "2008 Plan") was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors on October 29, 2008 to be effective at such date, subject to approval of the Company’s stockholders, which occurred on December 11, 2008. The 2008 Plan has a ten year term. The 2008 Plan reserves two million shares of common stock for issuance, subject to adjustment in the event of a recapitalization in accordance with the terms of the 2008 Plan.

 

The 2008 Plan authorizes the issuance of awards including stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs), restricted stock, unrestricted stock, stock appreciation rights (SARs) and other equity and/or cash performance incentive awards to employees, directors, and consultants of the Company. Subject to certain restrictions, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors has broad discretion to establish the terms and conditions for awards under the 2008 Plan, including the number of shares, vesting conditions and the required service or performance criteria. Options and SARs may have a contractual term of up to ten years and generally vest over three to five years with an exercise price equal to the fair market value on the date of grant. Incentive stock options (ISOs) granted must have an exercise price equal to or greater than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. Repricing of stock options and SARs is permitted without stockholder approval. If a particular award agreement so provides, certain change in control transactions may cause such awards granted under the 2008 Plan to vest at an accelerated rate, unless the awards are continued or substituted for in connection with the transaction. As of December 31, 2015, 583,141 shares of common stock remained available for issuance pursuant to awards granted under the 2008 Plan.

 

Options Granted to Employees

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted 
Average
Exercise Price
   Remaining
Contractual
Term in Years
 
       $     
Outstanding, January 1, 2014   1,105,000    2.87    8.51 
                
Granted   -    -    - 
Exercised   (200,000)   2.41    - 
Forfeited   (44,714)   2.63    - 
Canceled   (100,000)   3.55    - 
Outstanding, December 31, 2014   760,286    2.92    7.78 
Exercisable, December 31, 2014   413,620    3.16    6.98 

 

F-26 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

17.Share-based compensation (continued)

 

Options Granted to Employees (continued)

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average Exercise 
Price
   Remaining
Contractual
Term in Years
 
       $     
Outstanding, January 1, 2015   760,286    2.92    7.78 
                
Granted   75,000    4.43    - 
Exercised   (16,933)   2.63    - 
Forfeited   (26,336)   2.63    - 
Canceled   (5,091)   2.63    - 
Outstanding, December 31, 2015   786,926    3.08    6.90 
Exercisable, December 31, 2015   587,407    3.16    6.56 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of options vested and expected to vest as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 was approximately $178,000 and $1.43 million, respectively. Intrinsic value is calculated as the amount by which the current market value of a share of common stock exceeds the exercise price multiplied by the number of option shares.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company granted options to purchase 75,000 shares to two employees at a weighted average exercise price of $4.43 per share. Nine employees exercised their option to purchase 16,933 shares of the Company’s common stock. Six employees had resigned and their options to purchase a total of 26,336 shares of the Company’s common stock were forfeited. These employees had resigned with 20,166 shares vested, which if not exercised with 90 days after termination they will be cancelled. Of these vested shares 7,735 were exercised and 5,091 were cancelled in the period, and 7,340 were outstanding and exercisable as of December 31, 2015.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company did not grant any new options to employees. One employee exercised his options to purchase 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result, the Company issued 106,640 shares of common stock to this employee by net share settlement. Two employees had resigned and their options to purchase a total of 44,714 shares of the Company’s common stock were forfeited. One employee had resigned with 100,000 vested shares outstanding, which were cancelled 90 days after termination.

 

The estimated fair value of share-based compensation to employees is recognized as a charge against income on a ratable basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period of the award.

 

Restricted Stock Awards Granted to Employees

 

During the year ended December 31, 2013 the Company granted 246,000 shares of restricted stock to members of the Board of Directors as Restricted Stock Awards (“RSA”) under 2008 Plan. The RSAs granted in 2013 had the following vesting periods; 30% immediately upon grant, 30% vest on first anniversary of the grant date, and 40% vest on the second anniversary of grant date. The RSAs are governed by agreements between the Company and recipients of the awards. Terms of the agreements are determined by the Compensation Committee. There were no RSAs granted to employees during the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

F-27 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

17.Share-based compensation (continued)

 

Options Granted to Employees (continued)

 

The following table summarizes the restricted stock awards activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2015:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Remaining
Contractual
Term in Years
 
       $     
Outstanding, January 1, 2015   98,400    2.81    0.77 
                
Granted   -    -      
Released   (98,400)   2.81      
Forfeited   -    -    - 
Outstanding, December 31, 2015   -    -    - 
Expected to vest, December 31, 2015   -    -    - 

 

Share-based Compensation to Nonemployees

 

On July 15, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement with a consulting firm. In return for the consulting firm’s financial advisory service in the coming two years, the Company issued an aggregate of 150,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to the consulting firm on August 15, 2013. The shares were fully vested upon issuance and the fair value of the shares was $171,000 which was based on the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on August 15, 2013. The share-based compensation was being amortized over the consulting service period. In the second quarter of 2014, the service agreement was terminated.

 

The Company also agreed to issue another 150,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to the consulting firm after a specific financing target is completed. As the financing target was not achieved before the termination of the service agreement in the second quarter of 2014, such 150,000 shares of common stock was not issued to the consulting firm.

 

Also, in connection with this consulting agreement, on January 17, 2014 the Company issued five year warrants to purchase 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The shares were fully vested upon issuance and the aggregate fair value of the warrants was approximately $390,000, which was calculated using the Black-Scholes pricing model, with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

   For the years ended
December 31,
 
   2015   2014 
Expected volatility   N/A    83.6%
Risk-free interest rate   N/A    1.64%
Expected term from grant date (in years)   N/A    5.0 
Dividend rate   N/A    - 
Fair value   N/A   $1.95 

 

F-28 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

17.Share-based compensation (continued)

 

Options Granted to Employees (continued)

 

Expected Term

 

The expected term of the warrants issued during the year ended December 31, 2014, represents the remaining contractual term of the warrants.

 

Expected Volatility

 

The expected volatility used for the year ended December 31, 2014 is based upon the Company’s own trading history.

 

Risk-Free Interest Rate

 

The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on U.S. Treasury instruments with a term consistent with the remaining contractual term of the warrants outstanding during the first quarter of 2014.

 

Dividend Yield

 

The Company has never declared or paid any cash dividends and does not plan to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future, and therefore, used an expected dividend yield of zero in the valuation model.

 

Forfeitures

 

The Company estimates forfeitures at the time of grant and revises the estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from what was estimated. The forfeiture rate is applied to stock options and restricted stock awards. The Company uses historical data to estimate pre-vesting forfeitures and records stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest. All stock-based payment awards are amortized on a ratable basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which are generally the vesting periods. The Company records stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest.

 

Total Share-based Compensation Expenses

 

As of December 31, 2015 the gross amount of unrecognized share-based compensation expense relating to unvested share-based awards held by employees was approximately $304,000, which the Company anticipates recognizing as a charge against income over a weighted average period of 1.13 years.

 

In connection with the grant of stock options, restricted stock awards and warrants to employees and nonemployees, the Company recorded stock-based compensation charges of $653,000 and $nil, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2015 and stock-based compensation charges of $767,000 and $522,000, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

F-29 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

18.Earnings per share

 

Basic earnings per common share are computed by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted-averages number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is computed by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock outstanding that would have been outstanding if the potentially dilutive securities had been issued. Potentially dilutive securities include outstanding stock options, restricted shares. The dilutive effect of potential dilutive securities is reflected in diluted earnings per common share by application of the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, an increase in the fair market value of the Company’s common stock can result in a greater dilutive effect from potentially dilutive securities. The Company excludes potential common stocks in the diluted EPS computation in periods of losses from continuing operations, as their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

   Year ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Numerator:          
Net income attributable to the Company 

 

3,854,082    2,753,236 
           
Denominator:          
Weighted-average shares outstanding          
- Basic   15,096,166    14,739,073 
-diluted   15,286,196    15,154,239 
           
Earnings per common share          
- Basic   0.26    0.19 
- diluted   0.25    0.18 

 

Diluted earnings per share takes into account the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised and converted into common stock.

 

786,926 shares of outstanding stock options, 31,427 shares of forfeited or expired stock options and 16,933 shares of warrants with a total dilutive effect of 190,029 shares were included in the computation of diluted EPS for the year ended December 31, 2015. There were 540,001 options and warrants outstanding as of December 31, 2015, which were not included in the computation of diluted EPS for the year ended December 31, 2015 because of their excise price would be above average market value.

 

760,286 shares of outstanding stock options, 144,714 shares of forfeited or expired stock options and 200,000 shares of warrants with a total dilutive effect of 415,166 shares were included in the computation of diluted EPS for the year ended December 31, 2014. There were 540,001 options and warrants outstanding as of December 31, 2014, which were not included in the computation of diluted EPS for the year ended December 31, 2014 because of their excise price would be above average market value.

 

F-30 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

19.Securities Offering Transaction

 

In April 2014, the Company and certain institutional investors entered into a securities purchase agreement, pursuant to which the Company sold 1,000,000 shares of common stock and warrants exercisable for 500,000 shares of common stock in a registered direct offering at a price of $5.05 per fixed combination for aggregate proceeds of $5.05 million. The shares and warrants were sold in multiples of a fixed combination consisting of (i) one share of common stock and (ii) one immediately exercisable warrant to purchase 0.50 shares of common stock. The net proceeds from the offering was $4,633,164, after deducting fees due the placement agent and offering expenses.

 

The warrants have an initial exercise price of $6.33 per share and are exercisable until April 17, 2017. The exercise price of the warrants, and in some cases the number of shares issuable upon exercise of the warrants, will be subject to appropriate adjustment in relation to certain events. In addition, if the Company issues shares in the future at a price below $6.33 per share, the exercise price of the warrants will be reduced to such lower price. No adjustment will be made to the number of shares purchasable in such event.

 

The warrants were classified as a liability. The aggregate fair value of the warrant liability at issuance dates was $1,173,952. The residual balance of $3,459,212 was allocated to common shares issued.

 

The fair values of the warrants as of April 17, 2014 were calculated using the Black-Scholes pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

   April 17, 2014 
Expected volatility   85.76%
Risk-free interest rate   0.9%
Expected term (in years)   3.0 
Dividend rate   - 
Fair value  $2.3 

 

The fair value of the warrant liability is re-measured at each reporting period and recorded as a gain or loss on fair value of warrant liability. As of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 the fair value of warrant liability was $140,549 and $1,067,674, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company recognized a gain of $927,125 and $106,278, respectively, on the change in the fair value of the warrant liability.

 

The fair values of the warrants were calculated using the Black-Scholes pricing model with the following assumptions as of December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

   Year ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
Expected volatility   79.85%   86.4%
Risk-free interest rate   0.56%   0.79%
Expected term (in years)   1.30    2.29 
Dividend rate   -    - 
Fair value  $0.81   $2.14 

 

In conjunction with the securities offering transaction, the Company issued three year warrants to investment bankers to purchase 40,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at $6.33 per share. The aggregate fair value of the warrants was $94,982, which was recognized as a share-based compensation and resulted in an increase of additional paid-in capital. As such compensation was offering cost, it resulted in a reduction in additional paid-in capital. Hence, such transaction had no net impact on the Company’s financial position as of December 31, 2015.

 

F-31 

 

 

HIGHPOWER INTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

20.Defined contribution plan

 

Full-time employees of the Company in the PRC participate in a government mandated defined contribution plan, pursuant to which certain pension benefits, medical care, employee housing fund and other welfare benefits are provided to employees. Chinese labor regulations require that the PRC operating subsidiaries of the Company make contributions to the government for these benefits based on certain percentages of the employees’ salaries. Except for pension benefits, medical care, employee housing fund and other welfare benefits mentioned above, the Company has no legal obligation for the benefits beyond the contributions made.

 

The total amounts for such employee benefits, which were expensed as incurred, were $1,868,879 and $1,489,130 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

21.Non-controlling interest

 

GZ Highpower is the Company’s majority-owned subsidiary which is consolidated in the Company’s financial statements with a non-controlling interest recognized. GZ Highpower is engaged in processing, marketing and research of battery materials.

 

On May 15, 2013, GZ Highpower increased its paid-in capital from RMB15,000,000 ($2,381,293) to RMB30,000,000 ($4,807,847).SZ Highpower holds 60% of the equity interest of GZ Highpower, and four founding management members of GZ Highpower hold the remaining 40%.On November 13, 2014, GZ Highpower increased its paid-in capital from RMB30,000,000 ($4,898,119) to RMB40,000,000 ($6,530,825) and the additional capital of RMB10,000,000 was contributed by SZ Highpower. As of December 31, 2014, SZ Highpower holds 70% of the equity interest of GZ Highpower, and four founding management members of GZ Highpower hold the remaining 30%.

 

As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, non-controlling interest related to GZ Highpower in the consolidated balance sheet was $853,483 and $1,307,239, respectively.

 

For the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, non-controlling interest related to GZ Highpower in the consolidated statements of operations was loss of $393,812 and $152,369, respectively.

 

22.Commitments and contingencies

 

Operating leases commitments

 

The Company leases factory and office premises under various non-cancelable operating lease agreements that expire at various dates through years 2016 to 2026,with an option to renew the lease. All leases are on a fixed repayment basis. None of the leases include contingent rentals. Minimum future commitments under these agreements as of December 31, 2015 are as follows:

 

   $ 
2016   1,677,739 
2017   654,363 
2018   338,549 
2019   338,549 
2020   338,549 
Thereafter   1,805,596 
    5,153,345 

 

Rent expenses for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were $1,639,444 and $1,589,757, respectively.

 

Capital commitments

 

The Company has no capital commitments as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

Contingencies

 

On January 14, 2016, FirsTrust China, Ltd filed an amended complaint in the Delaware Chancery Court (amending its initial complaint filed February 25, 2015) naming Highpower as the defendant asserting a cause of action for breach of contract and conversion of stock, and seeking damages in the form of issuance of 150,000 shares or the value of such shares, plus interest thereon, attorneys’ fees and costs and expenses. On February 4, 2016, Highpower filed an answer, affirmative defenses and counterclaim against FirsTrust asserting claims for equitable rescission, declaratory relief and breach of contract, and seeking rescission of the contract, return of the 200,000 warrants and 150,000 shares of Highpower stock previously issued to FirsTrust, plus interest, attorneys’ fees and costs and expenses. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses to this claim and intends to defend the claim vigorously.

 

F-32 

 

 

HIGHPOWERINTERNATIONAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Stated in US Dollars)

 

23.Segment information

 

The reportable segments are components of the Company that offer different products and are separately managed, with separate financial information available that is separately evaluated regularly by the Company’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), the Chief Executive Officer, in determining the performance of the business. The Company categorizes its business into three reportable segments, namely (i) Lithium Batteries; (ii) Ni-MH Batteries; and (iii) New Materials.

 

The CODM evaluates performance based on each reporting segment’s net sales, cost of sales, gross profit and total assets. Net sales, cost of sales, gross profit and total assets by segments is set out as follows:

 

   For the years ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Net sales          
Lithium Batteries   78,624,405    68,434,832 
Ni-MH Batteries   64,566,252    74,971,144 
New Materials   2,990,354    3,682,190 
Total   146,181,011    147,088,166 
           
Cost of Sales          
Lithium Batteries   63,644,284    54,072,611 
Ni-MH Batteries   50,842,135    59,546,738 
New Materials   3,748,516    3,318,014 
Total   118,234,935    116,937,363 
           
Gross Profit          
Lithium Batteries   14,980,121    14,362,221 
Ni-MH Batteries   13,724,117    15,424,406 
New Materials   (758,162)   364,176 
Total   27,946,076    30,150,803 

 

   December
31,2015
   December
31,2014
 
   $   $ 
Total Assets          
Lithium Batteries   82,006,317    86,339,973 
Ni-MH Batteries   41,590,201    50,275,286 
New Materials   10,607,966    9,538,813 
Total   134,204,484    146,154,072 

 

All long-lived assets of the Company are located in the PRC. Geographic information about the sales and accounts receivable based on the location of the Company’s customers is set out as follows:

 

   For the years ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
   $   $ 
Net sales          
China mainland   68,201,408    69,271,339 
Asia, others   43,547,384    37,699,071 
Europe   26,101,398    29,853,397 
North America   7,450,898    9,335,245 
South America   499,669    426,664 
Africa   190,489    289,104 
Others   189,765    213,346 
    146,181,011    147,088,166 

 

 F-33 

 

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
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